COMMUNITY STRUCTURE OF BUTTERFLIES (LEPIDOPTERA: PAPILIONOIDEA) IN SUMUR PANGURIPAN CULTURAL RESERVE AREA, SURABAYA CITY, EAST JAVA

Siti Zulaikha, Muhamad Azmi Dwi Susanto
| Abstract views: 985 | PDF views: 366

Abstract

The Sumur Panguripan Cultural Reserve is an area located in an urban area with environmental conditions that are still maintained and that also has various types of vegetation. Research data on the structure of butterfly communities in urban areas, especially the city of Surabaya, is still very minimal, so this research is very important to do. This study aims to determine the structure of the butterfly community in the Sumur Panguripan Cultural Reserve area of Surabaya city. The observation method was used in this study to collect data by directly counting the species and number of butterfly individuals or by using the visual encounter survey, and the path of observation was determined using the transect line method. In this study, results showed 108 individuals from 22 species, consisting of 5 families, with a diversity index value of H' = 2.93. The value of the butterfly species diversity index in closed habitat types H = 2.68 is lower than the butterfly diversity index value in open habitat types H = 2.72. The results of the butterfly diversity index in both habitat types indicate that this area has a medium diversity category. The diversity and number of butterfly individuals in both habitat types can be used to describe a fairly stable community structure in the Sumur Panguripan Cultural Reserve area.

Keywords

Sumur Panguripan Cultural Reserve, diversity, community structure, butterfly

Full Text:

PDF

References

Baskoro, K., Kamaluddin, N, & Irawan, F. (2018). Lepidoptera Semarang Raya. Semarang: Haliaster Pecinta Alam Biologi.

Bergman, K-O. (2000). Oviposition, host plant choice and survival of a grass feeding butterfly, the Woodland Brown (Lopinga achine) (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera, 35, 9-21. https://doi.org/10.5962/p.266568

Bibas, E., Herwina, H., Janra, M.N., & Amanda, A.K. (2021). Diversity of Butterfly species (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) attracted to Carrion Trap at Harau Valley Nature Reserve. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 757(1), 012082. https://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/757/1/012082

Böhm, M., Collen, B., Baillie, J.E.M., Bowles, P., Chanson, J., Cox, N., Hammerson, G., Hoffmann, M., Livingstone, S.R., Ram, M., Rhodin, A.G.J., Stuart, S.N., van Dijk, P.P., Young, B.E., Afuang, L.E., Aghasyan, A., García, A., Aguilar, C., Ajtic, R., Akarsu, F., & Zug, G. (2013). The conservation status of the world’s reptiles. Biological conservation, 157, 372-385. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2012.07.015

Braby, M.F. (2004). The Complete Field Guide to Butterflies of Australia. Melbourne: CSIRO Publishing. DOI: 10.1071/9780643093027

Bried, J.T & Pellet, J. (2012). Optimal design of butterfly occupancy surveys and testing if occupancy converts to abundance for sparse populations. Journal of Insect Conservation, 16, 489-499. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10841-011-9435-2

Burgio, G., Sommaggio, D., Marini, M., Puppi, G., Chiarucci, A., Landi, S., Fabbri, R., Pesarini, F., Genghini, M., Ferrari, R., Muzzi, E., van Lenteren, J.C., & Masetti, A. (2015). The influence of vegetation and landscape structural connectivity on butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperiidae), carabids (Coleoptera: Carabidae), syrphids (Diptera: Syrphidae), and sawflies (Hymenoptera: Symphyta) in Northern Italy farmland. Environmental entomology, 44(5), 1299-1307. https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/nvv105

Carneiro, E., Mielke, O.H.H., Casagrande, M.M., & Fiedler, K. (2014). Community structure of skipper butterflies (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae) along elevational gradients in Brazilian Atlantic forest reflects vegetation type rather than altitude. PloS one, 9(10), e108207. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0108207

Cerrato, C., Lai, V., Balletto, E., & Bonelli, S. (2016). Direct and indirect effects of weather variability in a specialist butterfly. Ecological Entomology. 41(3), 263-275. https://doi.org/10.1111/een.12296

Chong, K.Y., Teo, S., Kurukulasuriya, B., Chung, Y.F., Rajathurai, S., & Tan, H.T.W. (2014). Not all green is as good: Different effects of the natural and cultivated components of urban vegetation on bird and butterfly diversity. Biological Conservation, 171, 299-309. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2014.01.037

Chowdhury, S., Hesselberg, T., Böhm, M., Islam, M.R., & Aich, U. (2017). Butterfly diversity in a tropical urban habitat (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea). Oriental insects, 51(4), 417-430. https://doi.org/10.1080/00305316.2017.1314230

da Rocha, J.R.M., De Almeida, J.R., Lins, G.A., & Durval, A. (2010). Insects as indicators of environmental changing and pollution: a review of appropriate species and their monitoring. Holos environment, 10(2), 250-262. https://doi.org/10.14295/holos.v10i2.2996

Dennis, R.L.H. & Thomas, C.D. (2000). Bias in Butterfly Distribution Maps: Influence of Hot Spots and Recorde’s Home Range. Journal of Insect Conservation. 4, 73-77. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1009690919835

Forister, M.I., Fordyce, J.A., Nice, C.C., Gompert, Z., & Shapiro, A.M. (2006). Egg Morphology Varies Among Populations and Habitats Along a Suture Zone in the Lycaeides idas-melissa Species Complex (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Annals of the Entomological society of America, 99(5), 934-937.

Gandhi, S. & Kumar, D. (2015). Studies on Butterfly diversity, abundance and utilization of plant resources in urban localities of Banyan city-Vadodara, Gujarat, India. Journal of Entomology and Zoological Studies, 3(4), 476-480.

Harmonis, H. & Saud, O.R. (2017). Effects of habitat degradation and fragmentation on butterfly biodiversity in West Kotawaringin, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Biodiversitas, 18(2): 500-506. https://doi.org/10.13057/biodiv/d180208

Harsh, S. (2014). Butterfly Diversity of Indian Institute of forest management, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India. Journal of Insects, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/254972

Hill, J.K., Hamer, K.C., Tangah, J., & Dawood, M.M. (2001). Ecology of tropical butterflies in rainforest gaps. Oeclogia, 128(2), 294-302. DOI: 10.1007/s004420100651

Kemp, D.J. (2001). Reproductive seasonality in the tropical butterfly Hypolimnas bolina (Lepdoptera: Nymphalidae) in northern Australia. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 17(4), 483-494. DOI: 10.1017/S0266467401001365

Koneri, R., Maabuat, P.V., & Nangoy, M.J. (2020). The Distribution and Diversity of Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) in Various Urban Forests in North Minahasa Regency, North Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, 18(2), 2295-2314. http://dx.doi.org/10.15666/aeer/1802_22952314

Koneri, R., Saroyo., & Tallei, T.E. (2017). Butterfly diversity varies across habitat types in Tangkoko Nature reserve North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Science. 10(4), 52-61.

Krebs, C.J. (1989). Ecological methodology. New York: Harper & Row.

Kunte, K. (2000). India, a Lifescape: Butterflies of Peninsular India. Hyderabad: Universities Press.

Mallet, J. (1986). Dispersal and gene flow in a butterfly with home range behavior: Heliconius erato (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Oecologia, 68, 210-217. https://doi.org/ 10.1007/BF00384789

Meehan, T.D., Glassberg, J., & Gratton, C. (2013). Butterfly community structure and landscape composition in agricultural landscapes of the central United States. Journal of Insect Conservation, 17(2), 411-419. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10841-012-9523-y

Mihoci, I. & Sasic. (2006). New data on the distribution of the chapman’s blue (Polyommatus thersites) (Cantener, 1835) (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) in Croatia. Entomologia Croatica, 10(1-2), 7-4.

Mustari, A.H., & Gunadharma, N. (2016). Kampus Biodiversitas: Kupu-Kupu di Wilayah Kampus IPB Dramaga. Bogor: IPB Press.

Nacua, A.E., Aranda, H.P.U., Selda, S.J.T., & Pascual, A.B.M. (2019). Urban diversity of Rhopalocera (butterlies) at cultural centre of the Philippines, Pasay city, Metro Manila, Philippines. Journal of Entomology and Zoological Studies, 8(1), 1292-1296.

Nkongolo, N.V. & Bapeamoni, F. (2018). The effect of land use type on butterfly diversity at Masako Forest Reserve, Kisangani, Democratic Republic of Congo. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation, 10(3) 131-144. DOI: 10.5897/IJBC2017.1160

Noerdjito, W.A., Aswari, P., & Peggie, D. (2011). Fauna Serangga Gunung Ciremai. Jakarta: LIPI Press.

Ohwaki, A., Maeda, S., Kitahara, M., & Nakano, T. (2017). Association between canopy openness, butterfly resources, butterfly richness and abundance along forest trails in planted and natural forests. European Journal of Entomology, 144, 533-545. https://doi.org/10.14411/EJE. 2017.068

Peggie, D. (2014). Diversitas dan Pentingnya Kupu-Kupu Nusa Kambangan (Jawa, Indonesia). Zoo Indonesia, 23(1), 45–55.

Peiris, M.U.H., Dangalle, C.D., Pallewatta, N., & Wijesundara, S. (2020). Diversity of butterflies in different habitat type of Seethawaka wet zone botanic gardens and Indikadamukalana forest reserve of Sri Lanka. Ceylon Journal of Science, 49(1), 49-59. https://doi.org/10.4038/cjs.v49i1.7705

Pivnick, K.A. & McNeil, J.N. (1987). Diel pattern of activity of Thymelicus lineole adults (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae) in Relation to Weather. Ecological Entomology, 12(2), 197-207. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.1987.tb00998.x

Pollard, E. (1988). Temperature, Rainfall and Butterfly Numbers. Journal of Applied Ecology, 25(3), 819–828. https://doi.org/10.2307/2403748

Rusman, R., Atmowidi, T., & Peggie, D. (2016). Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea) of Mount Sago, West Sumatra: Diversity and Flower Preference. HAYATI Journal of Biosciences, 23(3), 132-137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hjb. 2016.12.001

Ryan, M.G. (2002). Canopy processes research. Tree Physiology, 22(15-16), 1035-1043. DOI: 10.1093/treephys/22.15-16.1035

Saastamoinen, M. & Hanski, I. (2008). Genotypic and environmental effects on flight activity and oviposition in the Glanville Fritillary Butterfly. The American Naturalist, 171(6), 702-712. https://doi.org/10. 1086/587531

Schmitt, T., Ulrich, W., Delic, A., Teucher, M., & Habel, J.C. (2021). Seasonality and landscape characteristics impact species community structure and temporal dynamics of East African butterflies. Scientific Reports, 11(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-94274-6

Schultze, C.H. (2010). Identification guide for butterfly of west java. Jakarta: Butterfly W-Java.

Seifert, C.L., Lamarre, G.P.A., Volf, M., Jorge, L.R., Miller, S.E., Wagner, D.L., Anderson-Telxeira, K.J., & Novotny, V. (2019). Vertical stratification of a temperate forest caterpillar community in eastern North America. Oecologia, 192(2), 501-514. https://doi.org/ 10.1007/s00442-019-04584-w

Seymoure, B.M. (2018). Enlightening Butterfly Conservation Efforts: The Importance of Natural Lighting for Butterfly Behavioral Ecology and Conservation. Insects, 9(1) 22. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects9010022

Sharma, S. & Sharma, N. (2020). On the rediscovery and new additions of Skippers (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae) from Jammu and Kashmir, India. Revista Chilena de Entomologia, 46(4), 591-599. https://doi.org/10.35249/rche. 46.4.20.05

Sing, K.W., Jusoh, W.F., Hashim, N.R., & Wilson, J.J. (2016). Urban parks: refuges for tropical butterflies in Southeast Asia?. Urban ecosystem, 19(3), 1131-1147. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11252-016-0542-4

Spitzer, K., Novotny, V., Tonner, M., & Leps, J. (1993). Habitat preferences, distribution and seasonality of the butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea) in a montane tropical rain forest, Vietnam. Journal of Biogeography, 20(1), 109-121.

Suwarno, S., Rasnovi, S., Utami, S.D., Rizki, A., & Dahelmi, D. (2019). Mud-puddling beharvior of butterflies in the Soraya research station, district of Subulussalam, Aceh, Indonesia. IOP Conference on Earth and Environmental Science. 364, 012027. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/364/1/012027

Tavares, W.D.S., Pereira, A.I.D.A., Mielke, O.H.H., Serrao, J.E., & Zanuncio, J.C. (2014). Mechanitis polymnia casabranca and Ithomia lichyi lichyi (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) damaging tree of Solanum granuloso-leprosum (Solanaceae). Cerne, 20(1), 165-172. https://doi.org/10.1590/s0104-77602014000100020

Tea, Y.K., Chow, L., Soong, J., & Soh, M. (2018). The Malayan nawab, Polyura moori, in Singapore. Singapore Biodiversity Records, 2018, 122-123.

Triplehorn, C.A. & Johnson, N.F. (2005). Borror and DeLong's Introduction to the Study of Insects 7th Edition. Belmont: Thomson Brook/ Cole.

Uemura, Y. & Alexander, L.M. (2004). A Revisional Catalogue of the genus Ypthima Hubner (Lepidoptera: Satyridae) from Vietnam. Bulletin of the Kitakyushu Museum of Natural History and Human History, Series A (Natural History), 2, 17-45. https://doi.org/10.34522/kmnh.2.0_17

Varshney, R.K. (1994). Index Rhopalocera Indica Part III. Genera of butterflies from India and neighbouring countries [Lepidoptera: (B) Satyridae, Nymphalidae, Libytheidae, and Riodinidae]. Oriental Insects, 28(1), 151-198. https://doi.org/ 10.1080/00305316.1994.10432303

Weerakoon, B.M.B., Bandara, A.M.R.S., & Ranawana, K.B. (2012). Impact of canopy cover on butterfly abundance and diversity in intermediate zone forest of Sri Lanka. Journal of Tropical Forestry and Environment, 5(1), 41-46. https://doi.org/10.31357/jtfe.v5i1.2496

Widhiono, I. (2015). Diversity of butterflies in four different forest types in Mount Slamet, Central Java, Indonesia. Biodiversitas, 16(2), 196-204. https://doi.org/10.13057/biodiv/d160215

Zellweger, F., Baltensweiler, A., Ginzler, A., Roth, T., Braunisch, V., Bugmann, H., & Bollmann, K. (2016). Environmental predictors of species richness in forest landscapes: abiotic factors versus vegetation structure. Journal of Biogeography, 43(6), 1080-1090. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12696


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.