Respon Ukuran Kelompok terhadap Efek Tepi dan Kepadatan Populasi Surili (Presbytis comata) pada Hutan Dataran Rendah dan Perbukitan di Kabupaten Kuningan

Toto Supartono, Lilik Budi Prasetyo, Agus Hikmat, Agus Priyono Kartono
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Abstract

Ekosistem hutan dataran rendah memiliki peranan penting bagi konservasi keanekaragaman hayati. Fragmentasi yang menyebabkan terpecah-pecahnya hutan alam dan memicu terjadinya efek tepi telah menjadi kendala dalam pelestarian populasi. Memahami pengaruh habitat tepi terhadap ukuran kelompok surili (Presbytis comata) dan tersedianya data kepadatan populasi sangat penting dalam konservasi populasi. Ukuran kelompok dapat menjadi indikator kualitas habi-tat. Akan tetapi, respon kelompok terhadap tepi hutan belum banyak diketahui dan informasi kepadatan populasi surili pada ekosistem hutan dataran rendah juga masih terbatas. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis ukuran kelompok surili (Presbytis comata), pengaruh tepi hutan terhadap ukuran kelompok, dan kepadatan populasi surili. Pengumpulan data dilakukan pada tutupan hutan yang mencakup hutan alam, hutan tanaman, dan kebun campuran, dengan total panjang jalur 59 km di kelompok hutan Gunung Subang, Kabupaten Kuningan. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa ukuran ke-lompok surili bervariasi dari 2 sampai 22 dengan rata-rata 8,52 individu. Rata-rata ukuran kelompok surili tidak berubah sejalan dengan bertambahnya jarak dari tepi hutan. Kepadatan populasi surili pada interval kepercayaan 95% berkisar 44,39 – 82,36 dengan rata 60,47 ind/km2. Hasil penelitian ini dapat menjadi pertimbangan dalam penyusunan strategi konservasi populasi surili pada ekosistem hutan dataran rendah yang merupakan kumpulan dari sisa hutan alam, hutan tanaman, dan kebun campuran.

Keywords

fragmentasi, kebun campuran, konservasi, kualitas habitat, Presbytis comata

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