Gambaran Umum Kajian Profil Hormon Steroid Menggunakan Metode Non-Invasif dari Sampel Feses

R. Taufiq Purna Nugraha, Bambang Purwantara, Iman Supriatna, Muhammad Agil, Gono Semiadi
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Abstract

Kajian terhadap profil hormon-hormon steroid merupakan kunci penting dalam upaya memahami aspek fisiologis satwa. Beberapa dekade terakhir telah dikembangkan metode alternatif untuk mengetahui profil hormon steroid, yaitu melalui pengukuran metabolit hormon steroid yang diekskresikan melalui ekskreta tubuh seperti feses. Metode tersebut dikenal sebagai metode non-invasif. Metode ini memungkinkan pengumpulan sampel secara terus menerus dalam jangka panjang dengan meminimalisasi gangguan terutama pada satwa liar. Kajian terhadap profil metabolit hormon steroid yang terukur dapat diaplikasikan antara lain untuk mengetahui status reproduksi, penentuan jenis kelamin, studi perilaku hingga monitoring tingkat stres satwa. Berbagai kajian dengan memanfaatkan metabolit hormon steroid telah berhasil diaplikasikan pada berbagai taksa vertebrata. Tulisan ini memberikan gambaran terkini mengenai aplikasi metode non-invasif untuk kajian profil metabolit hormon steroid dari sampel feses.

Keywords

non-invasif, homon steroid, metabolit hormon, feses, satwa liar

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