Keanekaragaman Kupu-kupu Superfamili Papilionoidea (Lepidoptera) di Kawasan Hutan Pendidikan Gunung Walat Sukabumi, Jawa Barat

Irnayanti Bahar, Tri Atmowidi, Djunijanti Peggie
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Abstract

Kupu-kupu adalah serangga holometabola yang kelangsungan hidupnya tergantung pada ketersediaan tanaman pakan.Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mempelajari keanekaragaman spesies kupu-kupu dan mengamati interaksinya dengan tumbuhan berbunga di Hutan Pendidikan Gunung Walat. Keanekaragaman kupu-kupu diamati dengan menggunakan metode scan sampling dan metode Mark Release and Recapture (MRR) pada pukul 08:00- 11:00 dan 13:00-16:00 WIB dengan 10 ulangan pada tiap habitat dari bulan September sampai November 2014. Penelitian dilakukan pada empat tipe habitat, yaitu tegakan pinus, tegakan agatis, tegakan puspa, dan tegakan campuran. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat 68 spesies kupu-kupu yang diamati. Keragaman kupu-kupu yang paling tinggi terdapat di tegakan pinus (H’= 2.53) dan paling rendah di tegakan campuran (H’=2.15). Ditemukan salah satu spesies kupu-kupu dilindungi di Indonesia yaitu Troides helena.

Keywords

nektar, proboscis, korelasi

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