Tri Haryoko, Oscar Johnson, Matthew Lonsfert Brady, Subir Bahadur Shakya, Mohammad Irham, Yohanna Yohanna, Rusdiyan Parimpunan Ritonga, Dewi Malia Prawiradilaga, Frederick Halsey Sheldon
| Abstract views: 691 | Pdf views: 594


Siberut Island, Mt. Talamau, Rimbo Panti Nature Reserve, and intervening locations in West Sumatra Province were visited during two expeditions in 2018-2019 by ornithologists from the Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense (MZB) - Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), Louisiana State University Museum of Natural Science (LSUMNS), and Andalas University. The main objective of these expeditions was to obtain data and tissue-subsample rich museum specimens for morphological and genetic studies of phylogeny and population genetics of Southeast Asian birds aimed at understanding the causes of avian diversification in the region. We also observed, photographed, and audio-recorded numerous bird species during the expeditions and archived these data. In total, 285 species were identified, and specimen material was collected from 13 species and 26 subspecies not previously represented in tissue resource collections. Here, we provide complete lists of birds found at each location, highlight distributional discoveries, and note cases of potential taxonomic, ecological, and conservation interest.





birds, distribution, diversity, conservation, West Sumatra

Full Text:



Adhikerana, A.S. 1994. Observation on the avifauna of Siberut Island, 1992-1994. Treubia, 31: 11–24.

BirdLife International 2020. Species factsheet. Downloaded from on 28/04/2020.

Büttikofer, J. 1887. On a collection of birds made by Dr. C. Klaesi in the Highlands of Padang (W. Sumatra) during the winter 1884—85. Notes from the Leyden Museum, 9: 1–96.

Chasen, F. & Kloss, C.B. 1926. Spolia Mentawiensis.–Birds. Ibis, 68: 269–306.

Chua, V.L., Phillipps, Q., Lim, H.C., Taylor, S.S., Gawin, D.F., Rahman, M.A., Moyle, R.G. & Sheldon, F.H. 2015. Phylogeography of three endemic birds of Maratua Island, a potential archive of Bornean biogeography. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 63: 259–269.

Collar, N. 2015. Helmeted Hornbills Rhinoplax vigil and the ivory trade: the crisis that came out of nowhere. BirdingASIA, 24: 12–17.

Crossland, A.C., Sinambela, S.A., Sitorus, A.S. & Sitorus, A. 2006. An overview of the status and abundance of migratory waders in Sumatra, Indonesia. Stilt, 50: 90–95.

Demeulemeester, B. 2009. XC106116:

Eaton, J.A., Shepherd, C.R., Rheindt, F.E., Harris, J.B.C., van Balen, S., Wilcove, D.S. & Collar, N.J. 2015. Trade-driven extinctions and near-extinctions of avian taxa in Sundaic Indonesia. Forktail, 31: 1–12.

Eaton, J.A., van Balen, B., Brickle, N.W. & Rheindt, F.E. 2016. Birds of the Indonesian Archipelago, Greater Sundas, and Wallacea. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions.

Gill, F. & Donsker, D. 2019. IOC World Bird List (v 9.2), (downloaded December 2020).

Hall, R. 2013. The palaeogeography of Sundaland and Wallacea since the Late Jurassic. Journal of Limnology, 72(s2): 1–17.

Holmes, D.A. 1994. A review of the land birds of the West Sumatran Islands. Kukila, 7: 28–46.

Holmes, D.A. 1996. Sumatra bird report. Kukila, 8: 9–56.

Iqbal, M., Yustian, I., Setiawan, A. & and Setiawan, D. 2018. Ongoing slaughter of Eyebrowed Thrush Turdus obscurus in Sumatra: another species heading for oblivion? BirdingASIA, 30: 16–20.

Kemp, N. 2000. The birds of Siberut, Mentawai Islands, West Sumatra. Kukila, 11: 73–96.

Lim, H.C., Gawin, D.F., Shakya, S.B., Harvey, M.G., Rahman, M.A. & Sheldon, F.H. 2017. Sundaland’s east-west rain forest population structure: variable manifestations in four polytypic bird species examined using RAD-Seq and plumage analyses. Journal of Biogeography, 44: 2259–2271.

Lim, H.C., Rahman, M.A., Lim, S.L.H., Moyle, R.G. & Sheldon, F.H. 2011. Revisiting Wallace’s haunt: Coalescent simulations and comparative niche modeling reveal historical mechanisms that promoted avian population divergence in the Malay Archipelago. Evolution, 65: 321–334.

Lim, H.C. & Sheldon, F.H. 2011. Multilocus analysis of the evolutionary dynamics of rainforest bird populations in Southeast Asia. Molecular Ecology, 20: 3414–3438.

Lim, H.C., Sheldon, F.H. & Moyle, R.G. 2010. Extensive color polymorphism in the Southeast Asian oriental dwarf kingfisher Ceyx erithaca: a result of gene flow during population divergence? Journal of Avian Biology, 41: 305–318.

Linkie, M., Smith, R.J. & Leader-Williams, N. 2004. Mapping and predicting deforestation patterns in the lowlands of Sumatra. Biodiversity & Conservation, 13: 1809–1818.

MacKinnon, J.R. & Phillipps, K. 1999. A field guide to the birds of Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali, 5th ed: Oxford University Press.

McNeely, J.A., Whitten, A., Whitten, J. & House, A. 1980. Saving Siberut: a conservation master plan. Bogor, Indonesia: World Wildlife Fund.

Meyer de Schauensee, R. & Ripley, S.D. 1939. Zoological results of the George Vanderbilt Sumatran Expedition, 1936-1939. Part I: Birds from Atjeh. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 91: 311–368.

Mitchell, A.H. 1982. Siberut Nature Conservation Area, West Sumatra, Management Plan 1983–1988. Bogor, Indonesia

Moritz, C. 1994. Defining evolutionary significant units for conservation. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 9: 373–375.

Prawiradilaga, D.M. 2019. Keanekaragaman dan strategi konservasi burung endemik Indonesia. Jakarta: LIPI Press.

Riley, J.H. 1929. A review of the birds of the islands of Siberut and Sipora, Mentawi Group (Spolia Mentawiensia). Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 75: 1–45.

Ripley, S.D. 1944. The birds fauna of the West Sumatra Islands. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 97: 307–430.

Robinson, H.C. & Kloss, C.B. 1924. On a large collection of birds chiefly from west Sumatra made by Mr. E. Jacobson. Journal Federated Malay States Museums, 11: 189–347.

Rombang, W.M. 2009. First photographic evidence and a breeding record of a frogmouth on Siberut, Mentawai islands, West Sumatra. Kukila, 14: 28–29.

Sathiamurthy, E. & Voris, H.K. 2006. Maps of Holocene sea level transgressions and submerged lakes on the Sunda shelf. The Natural History Journal of Chulalongkorn University, S2: 1–43.

Shakya, S.B., Haryoko, T., Burner, R.C., Prawiradilaga, D. & Sheldon, F.H. 2018. Preliminary assessment of community composition and phylogeographic relationships of the birds of the Meratus Mountains, southeastern Borneo, Indonesia. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 138: 45–66.

Shakya, S.B., Irham, M., Brady, M.L., Haryoko, T., Fitriana, Y.S., Johnson, O., Rahman, M.A., Robi, N.J., Moyle, R.G., Prawiradilaga, D.M. & Sheldon , F.H. 2020. Observations on the relationships of some Sundaic passerine taxa (Aves: Passeriformes) previously unavailable for molecular phylogenetic study. Journal of Ornithology: in press.

Sheldon, F.H., Lim, H.C. & Moyle, R.G. 2015. Return to the Malay Archipelago: the biogeography of Sundaic rainforest birds Journal of Ornithology, 156 (Supplement 1): S91–S113.

Shepherd, C.R. 2006. The bird trade in Medan, North Sumatra: an overview. Birding Asia, 5: 16–24.

Shorthhouse DP. Simple Mappr, an online tool to produce publication-quality point maps, 2010 (accessed 25 February 2020).

Sims, R.W. 1959. The Ceyx erithacus and rufidorsus species problem. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, 44: 212–221.

van Balen, B., Trainor, C. & Noske, R. 2013. Around the archipelago. Kukila, 17: 41–72.

van Marle, J.G. & Voous, K.H. 1988. The birds of Sumatra. Tring, Herts, United Kingdom: British Ornithologists' Union.

Verbelen, P. & Demeulemeester, B. 2012. Field observations of an unidentified frogmouth Batrachostomus on Siberut, Mentawai Islands, West Sumatra, Indonesia. BirdingASIA, 17: 106–108.

Webster, M.S. 2017. The extended specimen: emerging frontiers in collections-based ornithological research. Abingdon, UK: CRC Press.

Wells, D.R. 1999. The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula. Vol. 1. Non-passerines. New York: Academic Press.

Wells, D.R. 2007. The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula, Volume 2, Passerines. London: Christopher Helm.

Whitten, T., Damanik, S.J., Amwar, J. & Hisyam, N. 1997. The Ecology of Indonesia series. Volume I. The Ecology of Sumatra. Singapore: Periplus.

Wilson, E.O. 2000. On the future of conservation biology. Conservation Biology, 14: 1–3.

Wilting, A., Sollmann, R., Meijaard, E., Helgen, K.M. & Fickel, J. 2012. Mentawai’s endemic, relictual fauna: is it evidence for Pleistocene extinctions on Sumatra? Journal of Biogeography, 39: 1608–1620.

Copyright (c) 2020 Research Center for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)


  • There are currently no refbacks.