Dian Rosleine, Eizi Suzuki, Atih Sundawiati, Wardi Septiana, Desy Ekawati
| Abstract views: 932 | PDF views: 828


Corridor area of Gunung Halimun Salak National Park was degraded and fragmented by human activities. However, little is known about recovery process in tropical degraded forest under different land use history. To clarifyvegetation structure and forest recovery related to land use history we placed 22 plots (11 of 10 x 10 m2 in abandoned plantation and 11 of 20 x 20 m2 in secondary forest, respectively). DCA (Detrended correspondence analysis) discriminated the plots into three community groups. Swieteniamacrophylla –Agathisdammaa community in abandoned plantation where had a land use history of clear felling.Maesopsiseminii–Cyathea spp. community had a history of severe human disturbance. Fagaceae-Schimawallichii was in less disturbed forest. Below the plantation canopy, light tolerant species, weeds, grasses, and fern of Dicranopteris linearis were dominant. Some exotic plants spread to the disturbed forest. The less disturbed forest in distant area from village remained in good condition as indicated by dominancy of old forest species. For the forest rehabilitation in severely degraded area, human intervention by planting native species can be suggested to avoid invasive species occupancy as well as accelerate forest recovery.


Gunung Halimun Salak National Park, land use, tropical forest rehabilitation.

Full Text:



ALHAMD, L. & POLOSAKAN, R. 2011. Species composition and vegetation stucture in Gunung Halimun Salak Forest-Sukabumi. Berkala Hayati. 5A: 1–4. (in Bahasa Indonesia)

ARIO, A. 2007. Javan leopard (Panthera pardus melas) among human activities: Preliminary assessment on the carrying capacity of Mount Salak forest area, Mount Halimun-Salak National Park. Conservation International Indonesia, Jakarta.

BINGGELI, P. & HAMILTON A. C. 1993. Biological invasion by Maesopsis eminii in the East Usambara forest, Tanzania. Opera Botanica. 121: 229–235.

BINGGELI, P. 2001. The human dimension of invasive woody plants. In: A. McNeely (Eds.) The great reshuffling: Human dimension of invasive alien species. IUCN, Cambridge.

BINGGELI, P. 2003. Introduced and invasive plants. In: Goodman SM and Benstead JP (Eds.) The natural history of Madagascar. University of Chicago, Chicago.

BOLEY, J. D., DREW, A. P. & ANDRUS, R. E. 2009. Effects of active pasture, teak (Tectona grandis) and mixed native plantations on soil chemistry in Costa Rica. Forest Ecology and Management. 257(11): 2254–2261.

CAHYADI, I. 2003. Spatial analysis of structure and function of forest corridor between Mount Halimun National Park and Mount Salak Reserved Forest. Master’s Thesis, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor. (in Bahasa Indonesia)

CUSACK, D. & MONTAGNINI, F. 2004. The role of native plantation in recovery of understory woody diversity in degraded pasteurlands of Costa Rica. Forest Ecology and Management. 188: 1–15.

DEWI, H., PRASETYO, L. B. & RINALDI, D. 2007. Habitat suitability mapping of silvery gibbon (Hylobates moloch Audebert 1797 in Gunung Halimun-Salak National Park. Media Konservasi. 12(1): 1–9. (in Bahasa Indonesia)

DJUWANSAH, M. 1997. The soil of the Gunung Halimun National Park. In: Yoneda, M., Sugardjito, J. & Simbolon, H. (Eds.) Research and conservation of Biodiversity in Indonesia LIPI, PHPA, and JICA, Bogor. Vol. II: 105–116.

DUNCAN, R. S. & DUNCAN, V. E. 2000. Forest succession and distance from forest edge in an Afro-Tropical grassland. Biotropica. 32(1): 33–41.

[FAO] FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION. 2010. Global forest resource assessment 2010: main report. FAO, Rome.

[FAO] FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION. 2011. Asia Pacific forestry sector outlook study I: Southeast Asia subregional report: FAO, Bangkok.

FISHER, R. A., CORBET, A. S. & WILLIAMS, C. B. 1943. The relation between the number of species and the number of individuals in a random sample of an animal population. Journal of Animal Ecology. 12: 42–58.

FUKUDA, T. 2010. Experiment for the forest rehabilitation of corridor area between Gn. Halimun- Salak dominated by Calliandra calothyrsus. Master’s Thesis, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima.

GALUDRA, G. 2003. Conservation policies versus reality: Case study flora, fauna and land utilization by local communities in Gunung Halimun-Salak National Park. ICRAF, Bogor.

GALUDRA, G., SIRAIT, M., RAMDHANIATY, N., SOENARTO, F. & NURZAMAN B. 2005. History of land-use policies and designation of Mount Halimun-Salak National Park. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika. XI(1): 1–13. (in Bahasa Indonesia)

GHSNPMP-JICA. 2009. Ecological study Halimun-Salak Corridor Mount Halimun-Salak National Park. GHSNPMP-JICA, Bogor.

GUNAWAN, H., CHUMSANGSRI, T., LASTINI, T. & GUNAWAN, W. 2007. Policy in compromising ecological and social aspects for establishing Halimun-Salak corridor. SEAMEO - BIOTROP-Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor.

HARADA, K. 2003. Attitudes of local people towards conservation and Gunung Halimun National Park in West Java, Indonesia. Journal of Forest Research. 8: 271–281.

HILL, M. O. & GAUCH, H. G. 1980. Detrended correspondence analysis: an improved ordination technique. Vegetatio. 42: 47–58.

KREBS, C. J. 1989. Ecological methodology. Harper Collins Publishers, New York.

LOVEJOY, T. 1985. Rehabilitation of degraded tropical forest lands. The Environmentalist. 5: 13–20.

LOWE, S., BROWNE, M., BOUDJELAS, S. & DE POORTER M. 2000. 100 of the World’s Worst Invasive Alien Species A selection from the Global Invasive Species Database. The Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) a specialist group of the Species Survival Commission (SSC) of the World Conservation Union (IUCN), Auckland.

LUGO, A. E. 1992. Tree plantation for rehabilitating damaged forest land in the tropics. In: Wali MK (Eds.) Ecosystem analysis and synthesis. SPB Academic Publishing, The Hague. Vol. 2: 247–255.

NAWIR, A. A., MURNIATI & RUMBOKO, L. 2007. Forest rehabilitation in Indonesia. Where to after more than three decades? Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Jakarta.

NISHIMURA, A. 2011. Forest succession and restoration in Imperata cylindrica and fern dominated communities in Tanjung Puting National Park, Indonesia. Dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles.

OHTSUKA, T. 1999. Early stages of secondary succession on abandoned cropland in north-east Borneo Island. Ecological Research. 14: 281–290.

OTSAMO, A. 2001. Forest plantation on Imperata grasslands in Indonesia: Establishment, silviculture and utilization potential. Dissertation, University of Helsinki, Helsinki.

PARROTTA, J. A., TURNBULL, J. W. & JONES, N. 1997. Catalyzing native forest regeneration on degraded tropical lands. Forest Ecology and Management. 99: 1–7.

PERBATAKUSUMA, E. A., SUPRIATNA, J., WIJAYANTO, I. H., SOEDJITO, H., DAMANIK, A., AZMI, K., ARIF, M.C.W. & LUBIS, A. H. 2010. Strengthening biodiversity conservation at key landscape in Northern Sumatra biodiversity corridor. Conservation International (CI) Indonesia, Jakarta.

POLOSAKAN, R. 2011. Tree diversity and timber potential utilization by local community in Gunung Halimun Salak National Park-Sukabumi. Berkala Penelitian Hayati 5A: 67–72. (in Bahasa Indonesia)

PRASETYO, L. B., SETIAWAN, Y. & PERMADI, T. 2006. Land use and land cover change Gunung Halimun Salak National Park 1989-2004. JICA & Department of Forestry Indonesia, Jakarta.

PRIYADI, H., TAKAO, G., RAHMAWATI, I., SUPRIYANTO, B., NURSAL, W. I. & RAHMAN, I. 2010. Five hundred plant species in Gunung Halimun Salak National Park, West Java. Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Bogor.

RICHARDSON, D. 2008. Forestry trees as invasive aliens. Conservation Biology. 12: 18–26.

RINALDI, D., HARAHAP, S. H., PRAWIRADILAGA, D. M., SAMBAS, E., WIRIADINATA, H., PURWANINGSIH, FEBRIANA, I., WIDYANINGRUM, I. K. & FAIZIN, N. 2008. Ecological study Halimun-Salak corridor Mount Halimun-Salak National Park. Mount Halimun Salak National Park. Gunung Halimun – Salak National Park Management Project (GHSNPMP) – JICA, Bogor. (in Bahasa Indonesia)

SAHOO, U. K. & LALFAKAWMA. 2010. Population dynamic of Schima wallichii in an undisturbed vs a disturbed tropical forest stand of North-East India. International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Science. 36 (2&3): 157–165.

SETIAWAN, N. N. & SULISTYAWATI, E. 2008. Succession following reforestation on abandoned fields in Mount Papandayan, West Java. In: International Conference on Environmental Research and Technology on” Biodiversity conservation and protected areas management” (ICERTS 2008). 444–447.

SHONO, K., DAVIES, J. S. & KHENG, C. Y. 2006. Regeneration of native plant species in restored forest on degraded lands in Singapore. Forest Ecology and Management. 237: 574–582.

SIMBOLON, H. & MIRMANTO, E. 1997. Altitudinal zonation of the forest vegetation in Gunung Halimun National Park, West Java. In: Yoneda M, Sugardjito J, Simbolon H (Eds.) Research and conservation of Biodiversity in Indonesia. LIPI, PHPA, and JICA, Bogor. Vol. II: 14–35.

SMIET, A. C. 1990. Forest ecology on Java: conversion and usage in a historical perspective. Journal of Tropical Forest Science. 2(4): 286–302.

SMIET, A. C. 1992. Forest ecology on Java: human impact and vegetation of montane forest. Journal of Tropical Ecology. 8:129–152.

SUGARDJITO, J., SINAGA, H. & YONEDA, M. 1997. Survey of the distribution and density of primates in Gunung Halimun National Park West Java, Indonesia. In: Yoneda M, Sugardjito J, Simbolon H (eds) Research and conservation of Biodiversity in Indonesia. LIPI, PHPA, and JICA, Bogor. Vol II: 56–60.

SUZUKI, E., YONEDA, M., SIMBOLON, H., FANANI, Z., NISHIMURA, T. & KIMURA, M. 1998. Monitoring of vegetational change in permanent plots on Gn. Halimun National Park. In: Simbolon, H., Yoneda, M. & Sugardjito, J. (Eds.) Research and Conservation of Biodiversity in Indonesia. LIPI, PHPA, and JICA, Bogor. Vol IV: 60-81.

SUZUKI, E., YONEDA, M., SIMBOLON, H., MUHIDIN, A., & WAKIYAMA, S. 1997. Establishment of two 1-ha permanent plots in Gn. Halimun National Park study of vegetation structure and forest dynamics. In: Yoneda M, Sugardjito J, Simbolon H (Eds.) Research and conservation of Biodiversity in Indonesia. LIPI, PHPA, and JICA, Bogor. Vol II: 36–55.

SUZUKI, E. 2002. Plants on Gn. Halimun National Park around Cikaniki and loop trail. JICA Biodiversity Conservation Project, Bogor

TAKAHASHI, S. 2006. Field-based research and biodiversity conservation: review and prospects of the Biodiversity Conservation Project in Indonesia. Tropics. 15: 261-265.

THIOLLAY, J. M. & MEYBURG, B. U. 1988. Forest fragmentation and the conservation of raptors: A Survey on the Island of Java. Biological Conservation. 44: 229–250.

VAN BALLEN, S. B., NIJMAN, V. & SOZER, R. 1999. Distribution and conservation of the javan hawk-eagle Spizaetus bartelsi. Bird Conservation International. 9: 333–349.

YAMAKURA, T., HAGIHARA, A., SUKARDJI, S. & OGAWA, H. 1986. Aboveground biomass of tropical rain forest stands in Indonesia Borneo. Vegetatio 68: 71-82.

YUMARNI, ALIKORDA, H. S., BUDIPRASETYO, L. & SOEKMADI, R. 2011. Population analysis of Javan gibbon (Hylobates moloch Audebert 1797) in Gunung Halimun Salak National Park's corridor. Media Konservasi. 16(3):133–140.

Copyright (c) 2015 Research Center for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)


  • There are currently no refbacks.