Karakteristik Habitat Kura-kura Hutan Sulawesi Berstatus Kritis Leucocephalon yuwonoi Di Kawasan Sungai Ganonggol Dan Bangkir, Sulawesi Tengah

Awal Riyanto, Suprayogo Soemarno, Hary Wawangningrum, Tukirin Partomihardjo
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The Habitat Characteristic of the Critically Endangered Turtle the Sulawesi Forest
Sulawesi Turtle Leucocephalon yuwonoi in Ganonggol and Bangkir Rivers in Central
Sulawesi. The Sulawesi Forest Turtle (Leucocephalon ymonoi) is an endemic, critically
endangered and listed in the appendix I1 of CITES. Captive breeding is needed to
reintroduce the species into the original habitat. Captive breeding success includes a
comprehensive knowledge on the biology and ecology of the species. The objective of
this research is to investigate the habitat character of the turtle respectively vegetation of
the riverbank, physical and chemical conditions ofthe water. Field surveys were conducted
on the Moutong area from 1 l until 19 October 2004 and on the Bangkir area from 20
until 26 October 2004. Vegetation data were obtained by developing four quadrate at the
turtle habitat in each locality and were analyzed using Curtis method. The results shown
that the habitat of Leucocephalon yuwonoi is transparent streaming water, neutral, not
too high dissolved oxygen, water height not more than 50 cm, substrat varies from big
stones, small stones, clay loam and sandy loam. The area was covered by vegetation that
can provide food during all year round, such as Colocasia esculenta, Limnocharisflava,
and Ipomoea aquatics.
Key Word: Leucocephalon yuwonoi, habitat, vegetation, water conditions.

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