Sri Budi Sulianti
| Abstract views: 525 | PDF views: 1165


Isolation of essential oils of two species of Ocimum (kemangi and ruku-ruku) were done by hydrodistilation. The chemical composition of those essential oils were analysed by GC-MS. Totaly 38 chemical components of kemangi essential oil were identified, and six of them are the major chemical constituents, ie. ethyl hexadecanoic acid (17.72 %), ethyl octadecanoic acid (14.83 %), ethyl 9-octadecenoic acid (10.62 %), methyl eugenol (4.88 %), Z-citral (7.02 %) and geranial (7.86 %), On the other hand, the essential oil of ruku-ruku contain 31 components with the main five major chemical components, i.e. ethyl hexadecanoic acid (19.33 %), ethyl octadecanoic acid (15.39 %), ethyl 9-octadecenoic acid (11.30 %), methyl eugenol (8.69%) and zerumbona (4.76 %).


Ocimum americanum, kemangi, Ocimum tenuiflorum, ruku-ruku, minyak atsiri, komponen kimia.

Full Text:



El-Aziz SEA, EA Omer and AS Sabra. 2007. Chemical composition of Ocimum americanum essential oil and its biological effects againts, Agroti ipsilon, (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Res. Jour. Agri. Biol. Sci. 3(6), 740-747.

Geeta, DM Vasudevan, R Kedlaya, S Deepa and M Ballal M. 2001. Activity of Ocimum sanctum (the traditional Indian medicinal plant) against the enteric pathogens. Indian J. Med. Sci, 55, 434-438.

Jirovetz L, G Buchbauer, IMP Shafi and MM Kaniampady. 2003. Chemotaxonomical analysis of the essential oil aroma compounds of four different Ocimum species from Southern India. Eur. Food Res. Technol. 217, 120-124.

Kicel A, A Kurowska and D Kalemba. 2005. Composition of the essential oil of Ocimum sanctum grown in Poland during vegetation. J. Essential Oil Res. 17, 217-219.

Lasmadiwati E. 2007. Medicinal Plants Conservex. Taman Sringanis, Bogor.

Matasyoh JC, MM Bendera, JO Ogendo, EO Omolo and AL Deng. 2006. Volatile leaf oil constituents of Ocimum americanum L. occuring in Western Kenya. Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiopia 20(1), 177-180.

Prakash P and N Gupta N. 2005. Therapeutic uses of Ocimum sanctum Linn, (tulsi) with a note on eugenol and its pharmacological action: A short review. Indian J. Physiol. Pharmacol. 49, 125-131.

Sastrapradja S, SHA Lubis, E Djajasukma, H Soetarno dan I Lubis. 1977. Sayur-sayuran, 102-103. LBN-LIPI. Bogor.

Silva MGDV, RND Santos, FJA Matos and MIL Machado. 2003. Volatile constituents from leaf, inflorescence and root oils of Ocimum americanum L. grown in northeastern Brazil. Flavor and Fragrance Jour. 18(4), 303-304.

Sulistiarini D. 1999. Ocimum gralissimum L. In: LPA Oyen and NX Dung. Plant Resources of South-East Asia Number 19. Essential oil plants, 140-142. PROSEA Bogor, Indonesia.

Soewito Ds M. 1988. Jaga Raga (Memanfaatkan Khasiat Flora), 45. Stella Maris, Jakarta.


  • There are currently no refbacks.