KERAGAMAN DAN KELIMPAHAN LEBAH SOSIAL (APIDAE) PADA BUNGA TANAMAN PERTANIAN MUSIMAN YANG DIAPLIKASI PESTISIDA DI JAWA BARAT

Sih Kahono, Erniwati Erniwati
| Abstract views: 688 | PDF views: 1642

Abstract

Study of diversity and abundance of social bees (Apidae) in the pesticide-applied seasonal crops were carried out for nine species of crops in a lowland area, Dramaga, Bogor and on 17 species of crops ina highland area, Lembang, Bandung, both in the province of West Java. Two species of honey bees (Apis cerana and A. dorsata) and one species of stingless bee (Trigonalaeviceps) were recorded from the lowland crops,while only A. cerana was found in the highland crops. The most abundant bee species on both low and highland was the honey bee A. cerana. The number of A. cerananests and T. laevicepsnests in the surroundings of the study sites were relatively high.
Colony members of both bee species were very active to collect nectar and pollen from flowers in non-pesticide-applied sites; however, the density of bees visiting flowers in pesticide-applied seasonal crops in both lowland and highland were relatively low.

Keywords

diversity, abundance, bees, pesticide, seasonal, crops

Full Text:

PDF

References

Barth FG. 1991. Insects and Flowers. The Biology of a Partnership. Princeton University Press. Princeton. New Jersey.

Corbet SA. 1996. Which bees do plants need In:The Conservation of Bees. A Metheson, SL Buchmann, COToole, P Westrich and IH Williams (Eds.), 105-113.Academic Press.

Delaplane KS and DF Mayer. 2000. Crop Pollination by Bees. CABI Publishing. Erniwati dan S Kahono. 2009. Peranan tumbuhan liar dalam konservasi serangga penyerbuk Ordo Hymenoptera. Jurnal Teknik Lingkungan 10 (2), 195-203.

Erdtman G.1943.An introduction to pollen analysis. Chronica Botanica Company. Faegri K and L van der Pijl. 1971.The principles of pollination ecology. Pergamon Press.

Free JB. 1993.Insect Pollination of crops. Second edition. Academic Press. Hayoto MF. 2013. Aktivitas keluar masuk sarang pada dua jenis lebah liar (Apis cerana dan Trigona laeviceps) di desa Cikarawang, kecamatan Dramaga, kabupaten Bogor, Jawa Barat. Fakultas Biologi, Universitas Nasional, Jakarta. [Skripsi].

Inoue T, Adri and S Salmah. 1990. Nest site selection on reproductive ecology of the Asian honey bee, Apis cerana indica in central Sumatra. In: Natural History of Social Wasps and Bees in Equatorial Sumatra. SF Sakagami, R Ohgushi and DW Roubik (Eds.): 219-232. Hokkaido University Press, Sapporo.

Kahono S. 2001. Peranan dan Permasalahan Serangga Penyerbuk di Indonesia. Fauna Indonesia, 5 (2), 9-16.

Kahono S. 2011. Effect of Extreme Wet Climate to the Number of Immigrant Colonies of The Giant Honeybee Apis dorsata F. ICCMI, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia.

Kahono S, Erniwati dan M Amir. 2005. Evaluasi Serangga Penyerbuk dan Penyerbukan di Jawa: Pemilihan Jenis Potensial Sebagai Dasar Pengembangan Jenis dan Konservasinya. Laporan Teknik. Proyek Penelitian Puslit Biologi LIPI.

Kozin RB. 1976. Pollination of entomophilous agricultal crops by bees. Translated from Russian. American Publisher Co. PVT. LTD. Mel’nichenko AN. 1976. Role of insect-pollinators in increasing yields of agriculture plants. In: Pollination of entomophilous agricultal crops by bees. RB Kozin (Ed.), 1-14. American Publisher Co. PVT. LTD.

Michener CD. 2007.The bees of the world. Second edition. The Johns Hopkins University Press. Baltimore. Nabhan GP and Buchmann SL 1997. Services provided by pollinators. In: Nature’s Services: Societal Dependence on Natural Ecosystems. GC Daily (Eds.), 133-150.Island Press, Washington DC, Covelo, California.

Nugroho A. 2013. Diversitas serangga pengunjung, aktivitas kunjungan lalat Forcipomya dan pembentukan buah kakao (Theobroma cacao L.). Departemen Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, IPB. [Sarjana Sain Skripsi].

Roubik DW. 1989. Ecology and natural history of tropical bees.Cambridge University Press. Ruttner F. 1988. Biogeography and Taxonomy of Honeybees. Springer-Verlag.

Salmah S, T Inoue and SF Sakagami. 1990. An analysis of apid bee richness (Apidae) in central Sumatra. In: Natural History of Social Wasps and Bees in Equatorial Sumatra. SF Sakagami, R Ohgushi and DW Roubik (Eds.): 139-174. Hokkaido University Press, Sapporo.

Siregar HS. 2014. Keragaman dan kelimpahan serangga polinator pada tipe penggunaan lahan berbeda di Jambi, Sumatera. Sekolah Pascasarjana IPB. [Master Tesis].

Uji T. 1997. Pembungaan, penyerbukan, pembuahan dan fenologi pohon hutan. Dalam: Training Manual: Pengenalan Pemberdayaan Pohon Hutan. H Sutarno dan Sudibyo (Eds.). Prosea Indonesia, Bogor.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.