PENGARUH KELEMBABAN TANAH TERHADAP KARAKTER AGRONOMI, HASIL RAJANGAN KERING DAN KADAR NIKOTIN TEMBAKAU (Nicotiana tabacum L; Solanaceae) TEMANGGUNG PADA TIGA JENIS TANAH

Djumali Djumali, Sri Mulyaningsih
| Abstract views: 239 | PDF views: 2007

Abstract

Research on the effect of soil moisture on agronomic characters, yield and nicotine content of Temanggung tobacco has been conducted in the Research Institute for Tobacco and Fibre Crops at Malang, East Java from March to October 2010. The treatment has been arranged in a Splitplot design with 3 replications. The experimental plot consisted of three types of soil: Complex Eutrudepts-Hapludalfs, Vitraquands, and Complex Dystrudepts-Hapludalfs. The subplot comprised 5 levels of soil moisturation: 60, 70, 80, 90, and 100% of field capacities. The results showed that the dry slice yield, content of nicotine, and agronomic characters of the Temanggung tobacco were affected by the result of interaction between soil moisture and type. The decreasing of soil moisture up to 40% from field capacity in the Complex Eutrudepts- Hapludalfs had decreased dry slice yield, nicotine content, plant height, root length, dry weight of plant, shoots, roots, stems, leaves, flowers, and suckers accounted for 54.3, 19.3, 33.7, 17.1, 74.1, 71.4, 82.3, 80.1, 54.3, 60.5 and 86.5% respectively, in the Vitraquands 72.7,20.2, 37.0, 13.2, 79.8, 78.5, 84.3, 80.7, 72.7, 63.3 and 87.8% respectively, and in the Complex Dystrudepts-Hapludalfs 74.2, 23.0, 39.6, 15.7, 79.3, 78.0, 83.6, 80.3, 74.2, 79.1 and 80.6% respectively.

Keywords

Agronomy, Java, moisture, nicotine, soil, Temanggung, tobacco.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Anjum SA, X Xie, L Wang, MF Saleem, C Man, and W Lei. 2011. Morphological, physiological and biochemical responses of plants to drought strees. African Journal of Agriculture Research 6(9), 2026-2032.

Baher ZF, M Mirza, M Ghorbanli, and MB Rezaii. 2002. The influence of water stress on plant height, herbal and essential oil yield and composition in Satureja hortensis L. Flavour and Fragrance Journal 17(4), 275-277.

Chartzoulakis K, A Patakas, G Kofidis, A Bosabalidis, and A Nastou. 2002. Water stress affects leaf anatomy, gas exchange, water relations and growth of two avocado cultivars. Scientia Horticulturae 95, 39-50.

Clough BF and FL Milthorpe. 1975. Effects of water deficit on leaf development in tobacco. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 2(3), 291-300.

Cornic G and A Massacci. 2004. Leaf photosynthesis under drought stress. Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration 5, 347-366.

Cunhua S, S Jian-jie, W Dan, L Bai-wei, and S Dong. 2011. Effects on physiological and biochemical characteristics of medicinal plant pigweed by drought stresses. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 5(17), 4041-4048.

Djajadi dan AS Murdiyati. 2000. Hara dan pemupukan tembakau Temanggung. Dalam: Tembakau Temanggung. A Rachman, A Sastrosupadi, B Heliyanto, Subiyakto, G Dalmadiyo, Budi-Saroso dan Mukani (Eds), 32-39. Balai Penelitian Tanaman Tembakau dan Serat, Malang.

Djumali. 2008. Produksi dan mutu tembakau Temanggung (Nicotiana tabacum L.) di daerah tradisional serta faktorfaktor yang mempengaruhinya. Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang. [Disertasi] Disertasi.

Djumali. 2010. Tembakau Temanggung: fotosintesis, respirasi, partisi karbohidrat, serta keterkaitannya dengan hasil dan mutu rajangan kering. Buletin Tanaman Tembakau, Serat & Minyak Industri 2(2), 60-74.

Djumali. 2011. Karakter agronomi yang berpengaruh terhadap hasil dan mutu rajangan kering tembakau Temanggung. Buletin Tanaman Tembakau, Serat & Minyak Industri 3 (1), 17-29.

Djumali. 2012. Tanggapan fisiologi tanaman tembakau Temanggung terhadap dosis pupuk nitrogen serta kaitannya dengan hasil dan mutu rajangan. Buletin Tanaman Tembakau, Serat & Minyak Industri 4(1), 10-20.

Farooq M, A Wahid, N Kobayashi, D Fujita, and SMA Basra. 2009. Plant drought stress : effects, mechanisms and management. Agronomy of Sustainable and Development 29, 185-212.

Fazeli F, M Ghorbanli, and V Niknam. 2007. Effect of drought on biomass, protein content, lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzymes in two sesame cultivars. Biologia Plantarum 51(1), 98-103.

Fleisher DH, DJ Timlim, and VR Reddy. 2008. Interactive effects of carbon dioxide and water stress on potato canopy growth and development. Agronomy Journal 100(3), 711-719.

Heckenberger U, U Roggatz, and U Schuur. 1998. Effect of drought stress on the cytological status in Ricinus communis. Journal of Experimental Botany 49(319), 181-189.

Hidayati SN dan Djumali. 2011. Produksi dan kadar nikotin tembakau Temanggung pada tiga seri tanah. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Inovasi Perkebunan: Inovasi teknologi mendukung peningkatan nilai tambah, daya saing, dan ekspor perkebunan. E Karmawati, B Prastowo, D Soetopo dan RS Hartati (Penyunting), 100-110. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan, Bogor.

Jaleel CA, P Manivannan, A Wahid, M Farooq, HJ Al-Jubiri, R Somasundaran, and R Panneerselvann. 2009. Drought stress in plants : a review on morphological characteristics and pigments composition. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 11(1), 100-105.

Kirnak H, C Kaya, TAS Ismail, and D Higgs. 2001. The influence of water deficit on vegetative growth, physiology, fruit yield and quality in eggplants. Bulgaria Journal of Plant Physiology 27(3-4), 34-46.

Krouma A. 2010. Plant water relations and photosynthetic activity in three Tunisian chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes subjected to drought. Turkish Journal of Agriculture & Forestry 34, 257-264.

Lobato AKS, CFO Neto, BGS Filho, RCL deCosta, FJR Cruz, HKB Noves, and MJS Lopes. 2008. Physiological and biochemical behavior in soybean (Glycine max cv. Sambaiba) plants under water deficit. Australian Journal of Crop Science 2(1), 25-32.

Muhammadkhani N and R Heidari. 2008. Effects of drought stress on soluble proteins in two maize varieties. Turkey Journal of Biology 32, 23-30.

Mukherjee D and R Kumar. 2005. Water stress induced physiological and biochemical changes in different plant parts of pigeonpea. Bulletin of the National Institute of Ecology 15, 191-199.

Murdiyati AS, Suwarso, dan G Dalmadiyo. 2003. Dukungan teknologi budidaya tembakau. Prosiding Lokakarya Agribisnis Tembakau. Suwarso, S Tirtosastro, AS Murdiyati, G Dalmadiyo, Mastur dan Mukani (Penyunting), 46-54. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan, Bogor.

Nurnasari E dan Djumali. 2010. Pengaruh kondisi ketinggian tempat terhadap produksi dan mutu tembakau Temanggung. Buletin Tanaman Tembakau, Serat & Minyak Industri 2(2), 45-59.

Osuagwu GGE and HO Edeoga. 2012. The influence of water stress (drought) on the mineral and vitamin content of the leaves of Gongronema latifolium (Benth). International Journal of Medician and Aromatic Plants 2(2), 301-309.

Purlani E dan A Rachman. 2000. Budidaya tembakau Temanggung. Dalam :Tembakau Temanggung. A Rachman, A Sastrosupadi, B Heliyanto, Subiyakto, G Dalmadiyo, Budi-Saroso dan Mukani (Penyunting), 19-31. Balai Penelitian Tanaman Tembakau dan Serat, Malang.

Rathinasabapathi B. 2000. Metabolic engineering for stress tolerance : installing osmoprotectant synthesis pathways. Annals of Botany 86, 709-716. Ropik, H Suhendra, U Sutrisno, M Halim, Sarjana, dan N Suharta. 2004. Penyusunan peta pewilayahan komoditas pertanian berdasarkan zone agroekologi skala 1:50.000 di Kabupaten Temanggung, Prop. Jateng. Balai Penelitian Tanah, Bogor. 132.

Salisbury FB and CW Ross. 1995. Plant physiology. 4th edi on. Wadsworth Publishing Co., New York.

Schurr U, U Heckenberger, K Herdel, A Walter, and R Feil. 2000. Leaf development in Ricinus communis during drouhgt stress : dynamics of growth processes of cellular structure and of sink-source transition. Journal of Experimental Botany 51(350), 1515-1529.

Tso TC. 1999. Seed to smoke. In: Tobacco Production, Chemistry, and Technology. DL. David and MT. Nielsen (Eds). 1- 31. Blackwell Sci. Ltd., Malden, USA.

Vanaja M, SK Yadav, G Archana, NJ Lakshmi, PRR Reddy, P Vagheera, SKA Razak, M Maheswari, and B Venkateswarlu. 2011. Response of C4 (maize) and C3 (sunflower) crop plants to drought stress and enhanced carbondioxide concentration. Plant soil Environment 57(5), 207-215.

Vries FWTP, DM Jansen, HFM ten Berge, and A Bakema. 1989. Simulation of ecophysiological processes of growth in several annual crops. Simulation monograph 29, Pudoc, Wageningen.

Wang W, R Wang, Y Yuan, N Du, and W Guo. 2011. Effects of salt and water stress on plant biomass and photosynthetic characteristics of tamarisk (Tamaria chinensis Lour) seedlings. African Journal of Biotechnology 10(78), 17981-1789.

Waraich EA, R Ahmad, Saifullah, MY Ashrof, and Ehsanullah. 2011. Role of mineral nutrition in alleviation of drought stress in plants. Australian Journal of Crop Science 5(6), 764-777.

Yamada M, H Morishita, K Urano, N Shiozaki, K Yamaguchi-Shinozaki, K Shinozaki, and Y Yoshiba. 2005. Effects of free proline accumulation in petunias under drought stress. Journal of Experimental Botany 56(417), 1975-1981.

Yan J, J Wang, D Tissue, AS Holaday, R Allen, and H Zhang. 2003. Photosynthesis and seed production under water deficit conditions in transgenic tobacco plants that overexpress an Arabidopsis ascorbate peroxidase gene. Crop Science 43, 1477-1483.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.