Djaenudin Gholib, Riza Zainuddin Ahmad
| Abstract views: 786 | PDF views: 2276


The study on cases of abortion in cow caused by fungi have never been reported so far in Indonesia. The aim of this research is to get prevalence of cows have not and have aborted, both have reproductive disorder, and health cattles associated with percentage of fungi isolated.The study included both field survey and laboratory examination of samples. The samples of vaginal fluid were collected by using cotton swabs in cow which had suffered abortion or cow had repeated breeding, as well as freeze dried semen for artificial insemination (AI), and also examining the occurrence of abortion in cattle. The samples were collected in Sukabumi and Bandung, and then cultured in Sabouraud Dextrose Agar by stretch method, followed by incubation at 37oC. Number of samples collected consisted of 56 samples of cattle which had suffered from abortion and cow that had reproductive problems; 38 samples as control; five samples of freeze dried semen. There were no cases of abortion observed when field survey was conducted, therefore organ samples were not available for pathological and histophathological examination. Further examination on growth rate of yeast showed 20% of yeast presented in cows with abortion, 17% in cows with reproductive problem and 14% in normal cattle. On the other hand,there were samples that did not show any growth of yeast recorded f rom cows with abortion (15%)cattle with reproductive problem (7%) and normal cows (27%). Meanwhile, only twowith 2 yeast growth observed in semen samples. It was concluded that samples from cattles with reproductive problems (with and without aborted experiences) showed higher number of growth of yeasts compared with normal cow (P<0,05). Freeze dried semen were having risk of contamination by yeasts. There was no different on growth rate of fungi between reproductive problem and with abortion cow (P>0,05).


Cow, abortion, reproductive system disorder, yeast

Full Text:



Abougabal M, RM Hogle and JK West. 1977. Pyometra in a mare caused by Candida rugosa. Jour. Am. Vet. Med. Ass. 170, 177-178.

Agri-Facts. 2003. Moldy Feed and Reproductive Failure in Cows. Practical Information for Alberta’s Agriculture Industry, http://www1.agric.gov.ab.ca/ department/deptdocs.nsf /all/agdex849 (diakses tanggal 22-04-2010)

Ainsworth GC and PKC Austwick. 1973. Fungal Diseases of Animals, 74–80 Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux. England.

Alexopoulus CJ, CW Mims and M Blackwell. 1996. Introductorry to Mycology, 4 th ed., 869 John Wiley and Sons. Inc. NewYork-Chichester-Brisbane-Toronto Singapore.

Ali R and IH Khan. 2006. Mycotic Abortion in Cattle: Mortierella polycephala, M. Zychae, M.rhizopodiformis. Pakistan Veterinary J. 26(1), 44-46.

Austwick PKC and JAJ Venn. 1962. Mycotic Abortion in England and Wales. Proc. 4 th. Intern. Congr. Animal Reproduct 3, 562 – 568.

Brown VG, LM Schollum and BDW Jarvis. 1974. Microbiology of bovine semen and artificial breeding practices under New Zealand conditions. N.Z. Jour. Agric. Res. 17, 431-442.

Corbellini LG, CA Pescador, FJ Frantz, L Marcelo de Lima, E Ferreiro, D Driemar. 2003. Aborto por Aspergillus fumigatus e A. niger em bovines no sul do Brasil. Pesq. Vet. Bras. 23(2), 82-86.

Hayati M, R Maharis, I Pramastuti, A Hakim, Syaefurrosad, A Maizir dan Pudjiatmoko. 2010. Seroprevalensi Chalmydophila abortus pada Sapi Betina di 6 Propinsi, Indonesia. Buletin Pengujian Mutu Obat Hewan 15, 4 – 7.

Khodakaram-Tafti A and OI Basil. 2005. A retrospective study of sporadic bovine abortions, stillbirths, and neonatal abnormalities in Atlantic Canada, from 1990 to 2001. Can. Vet. J. 46, 635 – 637.

Krogh HV. 1985. Bovine Mycotic Abortion in Denmark. Nordisk Veterinaer Medicine, 37(1), 27-33.

Lodder J. 1970. The Yeast, A taxonomy Study. 2 nd Ed. , 555 – 718; 893 – 1087; 1235 - 13. The Netherland. North Holland Co. Amsterdam.

Manan D. 2002. Ilmu Kebidanan pada Ternak . Jakarta: Proyek Peningkatan Penelitian Perguruan Tinggi. Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Tinggi. Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.

McCausland, KJ Slee and FS Hirst. 1987. Mycotic Abortion in Cattle. Australian Journal 64(5), 129-132. Panangala VS, NA Fish and DA Barnum. 1978. Microflora of cervico-vaginal mucus of repeat breeder cows. Can. Vet. Jour. 19, 83-89.

Peter AT. 2000. Abortion in Dairy Cows: New Insights and Economic Impact. Advances in Dairy Technology 12, 233-244.

Richard JL, RE Fichtner and AC Pier. 1975. Yeast in bovine semen. Cornell Veterinarian 66, 362-368.

Sheridan JJ, DGS White and QD McGarvie. 1985. The Occurrence of and organisms concerned with bovine mycotic abortion in some counties of Ireland. Veterinary Research Communications 9(1), 221-226.

Sudarisman, Hastiono S, Zahari P, Natalia L and Gholib D. 1982. Ragi pada semen sapi. Proceeding Pertemuan Ilmiah Ruminansia Besar, Cisarua, Bogor, 6 – 9 Desember, M Rangkuti, P Sitorus, M E Siregar, DS Tjeppy, Sutiyono, Ng Ginting, Celly Sirait, AR Siregar, D Elyda dan S Agus, 241-245. Balai Penelitian Penyakit Hewan. Pusat Penelitian Pengembangan Peternakan.

Thompson JC. 1969. Technique for the isolation of the common pathogenic fungi I. Deep mycoses and yeasts. Medium Techniques. J.Vet. Lab. Weybridge 2(3), 77-87.

Vet-Indo. 2010. Abortus karena Jamur pada Sapi. http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abortus_pada_sapi (diakses 22-04-2010).

Wienanto R . 2008. Hubungan antara Infeksi Brucella abortus dengan somatic cell count pada Sapi Perah di Daerah Pusat Penghasil Susu Jawa Timur (Skripsi). Universitas Airlangga. http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abortus_pada_sapi (diakses 22-04-2010).


  • There are currently no refbacks.