KERAGAMAN SUARA KODOK PURU BESAR {Phrynoidis aspera (Gravenhorst, 1829)} ASAL JAWA BARAT

Hellen Kurniati
| Abstract views: 400 | PDF views: 428

Abstract

Giant River Toad {Phrynoidis aspera (Gravenhorst, 1829)} is a largest generalist toad that is able to adapt to a variety of habitats and elevations. The complete calls of Giant River Toad had not been published before. To know all of sound characters of the toad, a total of five individuals males P. aspera vocalization were recorded on 30 October 2010 (1 individual; air temperature: 23.1°C; water temperature: 18.1°C) by using an Audio Technica AT875R microphone, the sound was recorded on a Fostex FR 2LE in WAV format; and on 22-24 September 2011 (4 individuals; air temperature 21.0°C-23.4°C; water temperature 21.6°C-22.0°C) in Curug Nangka, Mount Salak foot hill,West Java by using PCM-M10 Sony Recorder. The toad has four types of call: (1) Call type 1, consists of impulses without harmonic and average band width is 317.44 Hertz and average of amplitude is 40.43; (2) Call type 2, consists of pure tone with many sub-harmonics, average range frequency is 1420.28 Hertz and average of amplitude is 42.67; (3) Call type 3, consists of impulses and pure tone with two weak harmonics and average band width is 373.81 Hertz and average of amplitude is 48.19; (4) Call type 4, consists of impulses without harmonic and average band width is 792.62 Hertz and average of amplitude is 51.01. Based on the number of calls that were recorded of five individuals from the Mount Salak foot hill, call type 4 is its major call (common advertisement call), but the three others call types are minor calls.

Keywords

Vocalization, giant river toad, Phrynoidis aspera (Gravenhorst, 1829), West Java.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Boonman A and H Kurniati. 2011. Evolution of high-frequency communication in frogs. Evolutionary Ecology Research 13, 197–207.

Bosch J and I De la Riva. 2004. Are frog calls modulated by the environment? An analysis with anuran species from Bolivia. Canadian Journal of Zoology 82(6), 880–888.

Christensen-Dalsgaard J, TA Ludwig and PM Narins. 2002. Complex vocal communication in the southeast asian frog Polypedates leucomystax. Bioacoustics 13(1), 80.

Cocroft RB and MJ Ryan. 1995. Patterns of advertisement call evolution in toads and chorus frogs. Animal Behavior 49, 283–303.

Gerhardt HC. 1991. Female mate choice in treefrogs: static and dynamic criteria. Animal Behaviour 42, 615-635.

Hoskin CJ, S James and GC Grigg. 2009. Ecology and taxonomy-driven deviations in the frog call-body size relationship across the diverse Australian frog fauna. Journal of Zoology 278(1), 36-41.

Howard RD and JR Young. 1998. Individual variation in male vocal traits and female mating preferences in Bufo americanus. Animal Behavior 55: 1165–1179.

Inger RF. 2005. The systematics and zoogeography of the amphibian of Borneo. Natural History Publications (Borneo). Kota Kinabalu.

Inger RF. 2009. Contributions to the natural history of seven species of bornean frogs. Fieldiana Zoology (116), 1–25.

Iskandar DT. 1998. The amphibians of Java and Bali. Research and Development Center for Biology-LIPI. Bogor.

Kime NM, WR Turner and J Ryan. 2000. The transmission of advertisement calls in Central American frogs. Behavior Ecology 11, 71-83.

Kurniati H. 2003. Amphibians and reptiles of Gunung Halimun National Park, West Java, Indonesia. Research Center for Biology-LIPI. Cibinong.

Kurniati H. 2007. The herpetofauna of the gold mining project area in North Sumatra: Species richness before exploitation activities. Zoo Indonesia 16(1), 1-11.

Kurniati H. 2009. Herpetofauna diversity in Kerinci Seblat National Park, Sumatra, Indonesia. Zoo Indonesia 18(2), 45-68.

Kurniati H. 2011. Vocalization of Asian striped tree frogs, Polypedates leucomystax (Gravenhorst, 1829) and P. iskandari Riyanto, Mumpuni & McGuire, 2011 Treubia 38, 1-13.

Kurniati H, W Crampton, A Goodwin, A Locket and A Sinkins. 2001. Herpetofauna diversity of Ujung kulon National Park: An inventory results in 1990. Journal of Biological Researches 6(2), 113-128.

Kurniati H and A Boonman. 2011. Vocalization of common frogs around human habitations. Fauna Indonesia 10(2), 18 -27.

Liem DSS. 1973. The frogs and toads of Tjibodas National Park Mt. Gede, Java, Indonesia. The Philippine Journal of Science 100(2), 131-161.

Marquez R and XR Eekhout. 2006. Advertisement calls of six species of anurans from Bali, Republic of Indonesia. Journal of Natural History 40(9–10), 571–588.

Preininger D, M Bockle and W Hodl. 2007. Comparison of anuran acoustic communities of two habitat types in the Danum Valley conservation area, Sabah, Malaysia. Salamandra 43(3), 129-138.

Sheridan JA. 2008. Ecology and behavior of Polypedates leucomystax (Anura: Rhacophoridae) in Northeast Thailand. Herpetological Review 39(2), 165-169.

Wells KD. 2007. The Ecology and behavior of amphibians. The University of Chicago Press. Chicago.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.