STRUKTUR DAN KOMPOSISI VEGETASI SEKITAR SARANG PENYU HIJAU (Chelonia mydas Linnaeus) PANTAI PANGUMBAHAN, SUKABUMI SELATAN, JAWA BARAT

Roemantyo Roemantyo, Adriani Sri Nastiti, Ngurah N Wiadnyana
| Abstract views: 665 | PDF views: 2539

Abstract

Pangumbahan coastal area is one of many important nesting sites of the green turtle (Chelonia mydas Linnaeus) in Indonesia. This area is mainly comprises of disturb coastal old secondary forest. Some sites along the seashore were converted into fishpond, dry land agricultural and other was destroyed for other uses or as an open unproductive areas. However this area has a still plays an important role especially for the conservation of green turtle habitat and also for the ecosystem stabilization of the coastal area in general. Floristic research was conducted on September 2009 to investigate the existing vegetation structure and composition along the seashore using transects method.The “point center quarters method†was used to calculate the importance value of the vegetation on every turtle nesting sites. The important natural species vegetation communities in the area were comprises of herbs, shrubs and trees species. Ipoemoea pes-caprae (L.) R. Br and Spinifex littoreus (N. L. Burman) Merrill as a first layer coastal line plant community that play as an important herbs species which creeping grown on the white sands coastal surface. The second layer comprises herbs, small trees and shrubs such as Pandanus tectorius Parkinson ex Zucc, Crinum asiaticum L. and Callotropis gigantea R.Br. The second layer species plays as a vegetation community which covering and protecting the green turtle nest site from the direct sunshine, running of big wave and heavy rain water. Terminalia catappa L., Calophyllum inophyllum L., Barringtonia asiatica (L.) Kurz. and Hibiscus tiliaceus L. as a big crown tree community grown covering on the most behind as a back layer of coastal line which play as shading trees of the second layer species community, especially to stabilized humidity and temperature of the sand and the environment. The vegetation structure and composition of the old secondary coastal forest of Pangumbahan was described to understand the detail role and function of the vegetation species in this area.

Keywords

Structure and composition, vegetation, green turtle, Chelonia mydas Linnaeus, Pangumbahan, Sukabumi, vegetation analyses

Full Text:

PDF

References

Adnyana W. 2006. Status of Leatherback Turtle in Indonesia. Indian Ocean South East Asia Leatherback Turtle Assesment. IOSEA. Marine Turtle MOU, 2006.

Hitipeuw C dan Maturbongs JA. 2002. Marine Turtle Conservation Programme Jamursba-Medi Nesting Beach, North Coast of the Bird's Head Peninsula, Papua. In: I Kinan (Ed.). Proceedings of the Western Pacific Sea Turtle Cooperative Research and Management Workshop, 161-175. Honolulu 5-8 February 2002. Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.

Jayadi. 2009. Pengunduhan Penyu Pangumbahan sudah Berakhir. Jurnal Bogor, 23 October 2009. http://www.jurnalbogor.com/?p=59141

Kartawinata K and EB Waluyo. 1977. A preliminary study of the mangrove forest on Pulau Rambut. Marine Res. Indon. 18, 119–129.

Kucera KP. 2004. Rainfall and Watershed (SWS) area (West Java), Map No. 23. Scale 1:250.000. Bappenas, September, 2004.

Mueller-Dombois and Ellenberg 1974. Aim and Methods of Vegetation Ecology. John Wiley and Sons Inc., Canada.

Nastiti-Krismono AS. 2009. Present status of nesting habitat of green turtle (Chelonia mydas) in West Java soth coast, Indonesia. Poster disajikan dalam World Ocean Conference, Manado Indonesia, 2009.

Riswan S dan K Kartawinata. 1988. Regeneration after disturbance in kerangas (heath) forest in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. In: S Soemodihardjo (Ed.). Some Ecological Aspects of Tropical Forest of East Kalimantan: A Collection of Research Report, 61-85. MAB Indonesia Contribution No. 48.

Sukardjo S. 1990. Conservation of mangrove formation in Java. In: P Baas, K Kalkman and R Geesink (Eds.). The Plant Diversity of Malesia, 329 – 340. Kluwer Academic Publisher, Netherland.

Suwondo Y dan Hendri AY. 2004. Analisis distribusi sarang penyu hijau Chelonia midas di pulau Jemur, Riau. Jurnal Biogenesis 1(1), 31–36.

Wahyudin Y. 2004. Karakteristik Sumberdaya Pesisir dan Laut Kawasan Teluk Pelabuhan Ratu Kabupaten Sukabumi. Karya Tulis Tugas Akhir Mata Kuliah Karakteristik Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Kelautan Tropika. Bogor: Program Studi Ekonomi Sumberdaya Kelautan Tropika, Sekolah Pasca Sarjana. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

WWF. 2003 a. Marine turtle conservation program, Jamursba Medi (JM) turtle sanctuary, north coast of the Bird's Head Peninsula, Papua. WWF Technical Progress Report. 2003.

WWF. 2003 b. Marine turtle conservation program, Meru Betiri and Alas Purwo National Parks - East Java. WWF Technical Progress Report. 2003.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.