FLUKTUASI KEPADATAN MEGABENTOS DI PERAIRAN KENDARI, SULAWESI TENGGARA

Ucu Yanu Arbi, Paiga Hanurin Sawonua, Hendrik Alexander William Cappenberg
| Abstract views: 120 | PDF views: 89

Abstract

Coral reef is an ecosystem which provides suitable habitats for sgroups of biota that has important ecological and economic values which can be used as bio-indicators to assess the health of the environment. Research on megabenthic fauna in Kendari waters and its
surroundings, Southeast Sulawesi was carried out at nine permanent stations in 2015 to 2018. The data was collected using the Benthos Belt Transect method that modified from the Belt Transect method on 8 types or groups of megabenthos in these waters. The purpose of this study was to determine the density fluctuation of megabenthic fauna over the years. The mean density of individuals found at each station during the study did not differ significantly. The Kruskal-Wallis test on density of megabenthic fauna during this period of times did not show a significant difference (H = 28.511 > df 7 = 14.067). Drupella spp. was the group species of megabenthic fauna with the highest density each year (1,079-1,738 ind/ha), while lobster was the group species of megabenthic fauna with the lowest density each year (0 - 39.7 ind/ha). The crown of thorns starfish Acanthaster planci had the highest fluctuation where density increased from 28.3 to 71.4 ind/ha.

 

 

Keywords

Density, Fluctuation, Kendari Waters, Megabenthic Fauna

Full Text:

PDF

References

Abbott R.T. and Dance, P., 1990. Compendium of Seashell. Crawford House Press, Australia. p. 411.

Arbi, U.Y. dan Sihaloho, H.F., 2017. Panduan Pemantauan Megabentos Edisi 2. COREMAP-CTI LIPI, Jakarta. p. 45.

Arbi, U.Y., Cappenberg, H.A.W. dan Sihaloho, H.F., 2014.

Monitoring megabenthos. Dalam: Suharsono dan O.K. Sumadhiharga (Eds.) Panduan Monitoring Kesehatan Terumbu Karang. COREMAP-CTI LIPI, Jakarta. pp. 60–67.

Arbi, U.Y., Harahap, A. dan Cappenberg, H.A.W., 2020. Fluktuasi kondisi megabentos di perairan Ternate, Maluku Utara. Jurnal Kelautan Tropis, 23(1), pp. 57–72.

Birkeland, C. and Lucas, J.S., 1990. Acanthaster planci: Major Management Problem of Coral Reefs. CRC Press. Boston.

Bos, A.R., Gumanao, G.S., Mueller, B. and Saceda-Cardoza, M.M.E., 2013. Management of crown-of-thorns sea star (Acanthaster planci L.) outbreaks: Removal success depends on reef topography and timing within the reproduction cycle. Ocean and Coastal Management, 71, pp. 116–122.

Brower, J.E. and Zar, J.H., 1997. Field and Laboratory Methods for General Ecology. MWC Brawn Company Publishing, Iowa. p. 194.

Caballes, C.F. and Pratchett, M.S., 2014 Reproductive biology and early life history of the crown-of-thorns starfish. In: Whitmore, E. (ed.) Echinoderms: Ecology, Habitats and Reproductive Biology. Nova Science Publishers, New York, USA. pp. 101–146.

Cilly, Palupi, R.D. dan Rahmadani. 2018. Prevalensi penyakit pada koloni karang Scleractinia di perairan Kessilampe, Kendari, Sulawesi Tenggara. Sapa Laut 3(1), pp. 17–23.

Clark, A.M. and Rowe, F.E.W., 1971. Monograph of Shallow Water Indo-West Pacific Echinoderms. British Museum (Natural History), London. p. 238.

Collin, P. L. and C. Arneson. 1995. Tropical Pacific Invertebrates. Coral Reef Press. California. p. 341.

Cowan, Z.L., Ling, S.D., Caballes, C.F., Dworjanyn, S.A. and Pratchett, M.S., 2020. Crown-of-thorns starfish larvae are vulnerable to predation even in the presence of alternative prey. Coral Reefs, 39, pp. 293–303.

Crandall, E.D., Treml, E.A., Liggins, L., Gleeson, L., Yasuda, N., Barber, P.H., Wörheide, G. and Riginos, C., 2014. Return of the ghosts of dispersal past: historical spread and contemporary gene flow in the blue sea star Linckia laevigata. Bulletin of Marine Science, 90(1), pp. 399–425.

Cumming, R.L., 2009. Case study: Impact of Drupella spp. on reef-building corals of the Great Barrier Reef. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Townsville, Queenslandd. p. 44.

Edrus, I.N. dan Hadi, T.A., 2020. Struktur komunitas ikan karang di perairan pesisir Kendari, Sulawesi Tenggara. Jurnal Penelelitian Perikanan Indonesia, 26(2), pp. 59–73.

Fabricius, K.E., Okaji, K. and De’Ath, G., 2010. Three lines of evidence to link outbreaks of the crown-of-thorns seastar Acanthaster planci to the release of larval food limitation. Coral Reefs, 29(3), pp. 593–605.

Giyanto, B.H., Iskandar, D., Soedharma and Suharsono. 2010. Effisiensi dan akurasi pada proses analisis foto bawah air untuk menilai kondisi terumbu karang. Oseanologi dan Limnologi di Indonesia, 36(1), pp. 111–130.

Giyanto. 2012a. Kajian tentang panjang transek dan jarak antar pemotretan pada penggunaan metode transek foto bawah air. Oseanologi dan Limnologi di Indonesia, 38(1), pp. 1–18.

Giyanto. 2012b. Penilaian kondisi terumbu karang dengan metode transek foto bawah air. Oseanologi dan Limnologi di Indonesia, 38(3), pp. 377–389.

Hill, J. and Loder, J., 2013. Reef Check Australia Survey Methods. Reef Check Foundation: Townsville, Queensland, Australia.

Hill, J. and Wilkinson, C., 2004. Methods for Ecological Monitoring of Coral Reefs. Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, Australia. p. 123.

Hodgson, G. and Liebeler, L., 2002. The Global Coral Reef Crisis – Trends and Solutions. Reef Check, Institute of the Environment, University of California at Los Angeles. p. 77.

Kohler, K.E. and Gill, M., 2006. Coral Point Count with Excel extensions (CPCe): a visual basic program for the determination of coral and substrate coverage using random point count methodology. Computers and Geosciences, 32(9), pp. 1259–1269.

Lane, D.J.W., Marsh, L.M., Van den Spiegel, D. and Rowe, F.W.E., 2000. Echinoderm fauna of the South China Sea: An inventory and analysis of the distribution patterns. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 8, pp. 459–493.

Laxton, J.H., 1974. A preliminary study of the biology and ecology of the blue starfish Linckia laevigata (L.) on the Australian Great Barrier Reef and an interpretation of its role in the coral reef ecosystem. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 6, pp. 47–64.

Loya, Y., 1978. Plotless and Transect Methods, in: Stoddard, D.R., and R.E. Johannes, Coral Reef Research Methods, Paris (UNESCO). pp. 22–32.

Matsuura, K., Sumadiharga, O.K. and Tsukamoto, K., 2000. Field Guide to Lombok Island. Identification Guide to Marine Organism in Seagrass Beds of Lombok Island, Indonesia. University of Tokyo. p. 449.

Moran, P.J. and De’Ath, G., 1992. Estimates of the abundance of the crown-of-thorns starfish Acanthaster planci in outbreaking and non-outbreaking populations on reefs within the Great Barrier Reef. Marine Biology 113, pp. 509–515.

Mueller, B., Bos, A., Graf, G. and Gumanao, G., 2011. Size-specific locomotion rate and movement pattern of four common Indo-Pacific sea stars (Echinodermata; Asteroidea). Aquatic Biology, 12(2), pp. 157–164.

Neira, R.O. and Cantera, J.R.K., 2005. Composición Taxonómica y Distribución de las Asociaciones de Equinodermos en los Ecosistemas Litorales del Pacifico Colombiano. Revista de Biologia Tropical, 53(3), pp. 195–206.

Nicolet, K.J., Hoogenboom, M.O., Gardiner, N.M., Pratchett, M.S. and Willis, B.L., 2013. The corallivorous invertebrate Drupella aids in transmission of brown band disease on the Great Barrier Reef. Coral Reefs, 32(2), pp. 585–595.

Onton, K., Page, C., Wilson, S., Neale, S. and Armstrong, S., 2011. Distribution and drivers of coral disease at Ningaloo reef, Indian Ocean. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 433, pp. 75–84.

Palupi, R.D., Siringoringo, R.M. dan Hadi, T.A., 2012. Status rekruitmen karang Scleractinia di perairan Kendari, Sulawesi Tenggara. Ilmu Kelautan, 17(3), pp. 170–175.

Palupi, R.D., Ira dan Rahmadani. 2016. Kesehatan karang di perairan Kessilampe, Kota Kendari berdasarkan skor kesehatan karang dan densitas zooxanthelae. Omni-Akuatika, 12(3), pp. 131–137.

Pratchett, M.S., Schenk, T.J., Baine, M., Syms, C. and Baird, A.H., 2009. Selective coral mortality associated with outbreaks of Acanthaster planci L. in Bootless Bay, Papua New Guinea. Marine Environmental Research, 67(4-5), pp. 230–236.

Purwandatama, R.W., A'in, C. dan Suryanti, S., 2014. Kelimpahan bulu babi (sea urchin) pada karang massive dan branching di daerah rataan dan tubir di Legon Boyo, Pulau Karimunjawa, Taman Nasional Karimunjawa. Diponegoro Journal of Maquares, 3(1), pp. 17–26.

Siringoringo, R.M., Palupi, R.D. dan Hadi, T.A., 2012. Biodiversitas karang batu (Scleractinia) di perairan Kendari. Ilmu Kelautan, 17(1), pp. 23–30.

Subhan dan Afu, L.O.A., 2017. Pengaruh laju sedimentasi

terhadap rekrutmen karang di Teluk Kendari, Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara. Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan, 24(2), pp. 73–80.

Sudrajat, C., 2010. Kajian Sedimentasi di sekitar Muara Sungai Wanggu Teluk Kendari Sulawesi Tenggara. Tesis. Program Studi Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Air, Institut Tehnologi Bandung. Bandung.

Vimono, I.B., 2007. Sekilas mengenai landak laut. Oseana, 32(3), pp. 15–21.

Wilson, J. and Green, A., 2009. Biological Monitoring Methods For Assessing Coral Reef Health and Management Effectiveness of Marine Protected Areas In Indonesia Version 1.0. The Nature Conservancy Indonesia. p. 46.

Wulandari, A.T., Sadarun, B. dan Palupi, R.D., 2020. Hubungan kelimpahan relatif karang hidup dengan kepadatan megabentos di perairan Waworaha, Sulawesi Tenggara. Sapa Laut, 5(2), pp. 131–138.

Yusron, E. dan Susetiono. 2010. Diversitas Fauna Ekhinodermata di Perairan Ternate - Maluku Utara. Oseanologi dan Limnologi di Indonesia, 36(3), pp. 293–307.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.