RESPONSIFITAS VARIETAS UNGGUL BARU TEBU MASAK AWAL TERHADAP PEMUPUKAN

Mala Murianingrum, Djumali Busro, Prima Diarini Riajaya
| Abstract views: 110 | PDF views: 151

Abstract

More than 40% of the potential gap of varieties of sugarcane with actual results in the field is one of the causes of sugar self-sufficiency in Indonesia which has not been reached. The limited knowledge about the responsiveness of  early maturity sugarcane varieties to ferlization is one of the factors causing the large gap. The study aims to determine the responsiveness of new superior early maturity sugarcane varieties conducted in Janti Village, Kediri during July 2018 – August 2019. The study was arranged in a split plot design and repeated 3 times. The main plot consists of 5 fertilizing doses (0.9; 1.0; 1.1; 1.2, and 1.3 times the recommended dose). The subplots consists of 6 new varieties of early maturity sugarcane (MLG 5, MLG 9, MLG 14, PSMLG 2, PSMLG 1, and PS 881). Regression analysis is used to determine the form of response. The optimum dose was determined using the first derivative for closed quadratic equations and was determined > 1.3 times for positive linear equations. Varieties were grouped based on their optimum dose into five groups (no response, little response, sufficient response, more response, and very responsive). The results showed that the MLG 5, PSMLG 1, and PS 881 were classified as sufficient response, while MLG 9, MLG 14, and PSMLG 2 were classified as very responsive to fertilization.

 

Keywords

Fertilization, Responsiveness, Sugarcane, Varieties

Full Text:

PDF

References

Ahmed, A.Z., 2017. Response of three sugarcane varieties to phosphorus biofertilization. Egypt Journal of Agronomy, 39(2), p. 149–158.

Bassi, D., Menossi, M. and Mattiello, L., 2018. Nitrogen supply influences photosynthesis establishment along the sugarcane leaf. Scientific Reports, 8, 2327, pp. 1–13.

Begum, M., Bordoloi, B.C. and Singla, D. D., 2017. Response of sugarcane genotypes to different levels of fertilizers under rainfed condition on Assam, India. Agricultural Sciences Digest, 37(1), pp. 83–84.

Cardozo, N.P., Sentelhas, P.C., Panosso, A.R., Palhares, A.L. and Ide, B.Y., 2015. Modeling sugarcane ripening as a function of accumulated rainfall in Southern Brazil. International Journal of Biometeoral, 59(12), pp. 1913–1925.

Chandra, A., Jain R., Rai, R.K. and Solomon, S., 2011. Revisiting the source-sink paradigm in sugarcane. Current Science, 100(7), pp. 978–980.

Chohan, M., Talpur, U.A., Junejo, S., Unar, G.S., Panhwar, R.N. and B. Pa., 2014. Selection and evalution of the diverse sugarcane genotypes in 4th stage. Journal of Animal & Plant Science, 24(1), pp. 197–203.

Dashora, P., 2012. Productivity and sustainability of sugar (Saccharum officinarum) genotypes under planting seasons and fertility levels in south-east Rajasthan. Academia Arena, 4(1), pp. 37–41.

Ditjenbun, 2014. Peningkatan produksi, produktivitas dan rendemen tanaman tebu untuk mencapai swasembada gula. Direktorat Jenderal Perkebunan, Jakarta.

Ditjenbun, 2018. Statistik perkebunan Indonesia.

Fortes, C., Trivelin, P.C.O., Vitti, A.C., Otto, R., Franco, H.C.J. and Faroni, C.E., 2013. Stalk and sucrose yield in response to nitrogen fertilization of sugarcane under reduced tillage. Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira, 48(1), pp.88–96.

Gomathi, R., Rao, P.N.G., Rakkyappan, D., Sundara, B.P. and Shiyamala, S., 2013. Physiological studies on ratoonability of sugarcane varieties under tropical indian condition. American Journal of Plant Science, 4, pp. 274–281.

Hamid, A.M.A., Dagash, Y.M.I. and Ahmed, O.A., 2014. Impact of sulphur fertilizer on sugarcane performance under heavy clay soils vertisols, Sudan. Jurnal of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences, 3(1), pp. 01–09.

Hossain, S.M.I., Eusufzai, S.U.K. and Rahman, M.A., 2009. Effect of different irrigation levels on growth and yield parameters of sugarcane. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, 22(2), pp. 28–35.

Inoue, K., Yamane, I. and Kaji, T., 2009. Effect of nitrogen topdressing and number off tillers at maximum tillering stage on the field and extract quality of ratoon sugarcane cultivar Ni 17. Japanese Journal of Soil Science & Plant Nutrition, 80(1), pp. 1–6.

Jones, M.R., Singels, A. and Inman-Banber, N.G., 2011. Simulating source and sink control of structural growth and development and sugar accumulation in sugarcane. Proceedings of South Africa Sugarcane Technology Association, 84, pp. 157–163.

Junejo, S., Kaloi, G.M., Panhwar, R.N., Chohan, M., Junejo, A.A. and Soomro, A.F.,2010 . Performance of newly developed sugarcane genotypes for some qualitative an quantitative traits under thatta conditions. Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences, 20(1), pp. 40–43.

Kementan, 2019a. Keputusan menteri pertanian republik Indonesia nomor 23/KPTS/KB.020/2/2019 tentang pelepasan varietas PSMLG 1 AGRIBUN sebagai varietas unggul tanaman tebu. Direktorat Jendral Perkebunan, Jakarta.

Kementan, 2019b. Keputusan menteri pertanian republik Indonesia nomor 24/KPTS/KB.020/2/2019 tentang pelepasan varietas PSMLG 2 AGRIBUN sebagai varietas unggul tanaman tebu. Direktorat Jendral Perkebunan, Jakarta.

Khan, I.A., Bibi, S.,Yasmin, S., Khatri, A., Seema, N. and Abro, A.S., 2012. Correlletion studies of the agronomic traits for higher sur yield in sugarcane. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 44(3), pp. 969–971.

Khalid, S., Munsif, F., Ali, A., Ismail, M., Haq, N., Iqbal, S. and Saeed, M., 2015. Evaluation of chipbud settling of sugarcane for enhancing yield to various row spacing. International Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Research, 12, pp. 41–48.

Kumar, N., Singh, H., Kumar, R. and Singh, V.P., 2012. Productivity and profitability of different genotypes of sugarcane (Saccharum spp) as influenced by fertility levels and planting seasons. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 57(2), pp. 180–185.

Loganandhan, N., Gujja, B., Goud, V.V. and Natarajan, U.S., 2012. Suistanable sugarcane initative (SSI): a methodology of more with less. Sugar Tech, 14(1), pp. 1–5.

Marin, F.R., Jones, J.W., Royce, F., Suguitani, C., Donzeli, J.L. , Filho, W.J.P. and Nassif, D.S.P., 2011. Parameterization and evaluation of predictions of DSSAT/CANEGRO for Brazilian sugarcane. Agronomy Journal, 103, pp. 304–315.

McCray, J.M., Rice, R.W., Luo, Y, and S. Ji. 2010. Sugarcane response to phosphorus fertilizer on everglades litosols. Agronomy Journal, 102, pp. 1468–1477.

Otto, R., Mariano, E., Mulvaney, R.L., Khan, S.A., Boschiero, B.N., Tenelli, S. and Trivelin P.C.O., 2019. Effect of previous soil management on sugarcane response to nitrogen fertilization. Science and Agriculture, 76(1), pp. 72–81.

Patel, D., Raj, V.C., Tandel, B., Patel, B., Patel, D.U. and Surve, V., 2014. Influence of planting distance and variety on growth of sugarcane and weed population under mechanization. Journal International of Academic Research For Multidisciplinary, 2(6), pp. 34–41.

Sajjad, M., Bari, A., Nawaz, M. And Iqbal, S., 2014. Effect of planting pattern and nutrient management on yield spring planted sugarcane. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 30(1), pp. 67–71.

Schultz, N., Pereira, W., Silva, P.A., Boldoni, J.I., Boddey, R.M., Alves, B.J.R., Urquiaga, S. and Reis, V.M., 2017. Yield of sugarcane varieties and their sugar quality grown in different soil types and inoculated with a diazotrophic bacteria consortium. Plant Production Science, pp. 1–9.

Silva, M.A., Jifon, J.L., Santos, C.M., Jadoski, C.J. and Silva, J.A.G., 2013. Photosynthetic capacity and water use efficiency in sugarcane genotypes subject to water deficit during early growth phase. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, 56(5), pp. 735–748.

Singh, G.D., Saini, S.K., Bhatnagar, A. and Singh, G., 2012. Effect of planting methods and irrigation scheduling on growth, yield and quality of spring planted sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.). Ann. Agricultural Research, 33(1&2), pp. 21–24.

Soomro, A.F., Tunio, S., Oad, F.C., Rajper, I., Khuhro, M.I. and Arain, M.Y., 2012. Effect of supplemental inorganic NPK and residual organic nutrients on sugarcane ratoon crop. International Journal of Science and Enginnering Research, 3(10), pp. 1–11.

Stirbert, A., Riznichenko, G.Y., Rubin, A.B. and Govindjee. 2014. Modeling chlorophyll a fluorescence transient: relation to photosynthesis. Biochemistry (Moscow), 79(4), pp. 291–323.

Streck, N.A., Hanauer, J.G., Gabriel, L.F., Buske, T.C. and Langner, J.A., 2010. Leaf development and growth of selected sugarcane clones in a subtropical environment. Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira, 45(10), pp. 1049–1057.

Tyagi, V.K., Sharma, S. and Bhardwaj, S.B., 2013. Pattern of association among cane yield, sugar yield and their components in sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.). Journal of Agricultural Research, 50(1), pp. 29–38.

Viator, R.P., Dalley, C.D., Johnson, R.M. and Richard, E.P., 2010. Early harvest affects sugarcane ratooning ability in Louisiana. Sugarcane International, 28(3), pp. 123–127.

Wang, J., Nayak, S., Koch, K. And Ming, R., 2013. Carbon partitioning in sugarcane (Saccharum species). Frontiers in Plant Science, 4(201), pp. 1–6.

Yong, Y., Gao, S., Jiang, Y., Lin, Z., Luo, J., Li, M., Guo, J., Su, Y., Xu, L. and Que, Y., 2019. The physiological and agronomic responses to nitrogen dosage in different sugarcane varieties. Front Plant Sciences, 10(406), pp. 1–18.

Zhao, D., Glaz, B., Irey, M.S. and Hu, C.J., 2015. Sugarcane genotype variation in leaf photosynthesis properties and yield as affected by mill mud application. Agronomy Journal, 107(2), pp. 506–514.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.