Adam Robisalmi, Bambang Gunadi, Priadi Setyawan
| Abstract views: 307 | PDF views: 1085


Srikandi Tilapia is one of the superior hybridized varieties between black tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and blue tilapia (Oreochromis aureus). This fish has fast growth and high salinity tolerance. In its development, efforts are needed to improve and improve its genetic quality. Spawning srikandi tilapia using the parent of male blue tilapia F2 (family selection) is expected to improve performance better than the previous generation.The purpose of this study was to evaluate the growth performance and heterosis value of Srikandi tilapia produced from the extraction of female Nirwana strain tilapia with male blue tilapia F2. Hatchery activities were carried out in freshwater by mass spawning method on the 25 m2 pool. Enlargement activities were carried out at brackish water pond with salinity 25–40 g / L, using net measuring 3×5×1 m3 for 120 days. The stocking density used is 15 fishes / m2. The results of this study indicate that at the final test, the hybridization of Nw ♀x Au (F2)♂ has the best performance with the average of long gain16.60 ± 0.41cm, weight gain 215.33 ± 12.19 g and survival rate 78.50 ± 02.12. Evaluation of heterosis values on the characters of length, weight, survival, and biomass showed a positive value both on the hybridization of Nw ♀x Au (F2)♂ and Au (F2)♀x NW♂. The highest high parent heterosis value for blue tilapia broodstock is shown by population Nw ♀x Au (F2)♂ with values in each character of 6.96% (length), 26.06% (weight), 2.63% (survival), 28.57% (biomass).


growth, heterosis, hybridization, brackish water, tilapia

Full Text:



Ariyanto, D. dan Listiyowati, N., 2015. Interaksi genotipe dengan lingkungan, adaptabilitas, dan stabilitas penampilan fenotipik empat varietas unggul ikan nila (Oreochromis niloticus). Jurnal Riset Akuakultur, 10 (1). pp.1–9.

Bakhoum, S.A., Sayed-Ahmed, and Ragheb, E.A., 2009. Genetic evidence for natural hybridization between nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus Linnaeus, 1757) and blue tilapia (Oreochromis aureus Steindacher, 1864) in Lake Edku, Egypth. Global Veterinaia, 3 (2).pp. 91–97.

Basiao, Z.U., Eguia, R.V. and Doyle, R.W., 2005. Growth response of Nile tilapia fry to salinitystress in the presence of an ‘internal reference’ fish. Aquaculture Research, 36(7), pp.712–720.

Basuki, F. and Rejeki, S., 2015. Analysis on the survival rate and growth of Larasati Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) F5 seed in saline media. Procedia Environmental Science, 23, pp.142–147.

Bentsen, H.B., Gjerde, G., Eknath, E., Palada de Vera, M., Velasco, R.R., Danting, J.C., Dionisio, E.E., Longalong, F.M., Reyes, R.A., Abella, T.A., Tayamen, M.M. and Ponzoni, R.W., 2017. Genetic improvement of farmed tilapias: Response to five generations ofselection for increased body weight at harvest in Oreochromis niloticus and the further impact of the project. Aquaculture, 468(1), pp. 206–217.

Crow, J.F., 1999. Dominance and overdominance In: Coors JG, Pandey S (eds) The Genetics and Exploitation of Heterosis in Crops American Society of Agronomy Inc. Crop Science Society of America Inc. Soil Science Society of America Inc: Madison, WI, USA; pp. 49–58.

Effendi, M.I., 1995. Biologi Perikanan. Yayasan Pustaka Nusatama. Yogyakarta.

El-Sayed, A.F.M., 2006. Tilapia Culture. Cabi-Publishing, UK. El-Zaeem, S.Y., Salama, M. E. and El-Maremie, H. A., 2010. Production of salinity tolerant nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus through traditional and modern breeding methods: Application of inter-specific hybridization with blue tilapia, Oreochromis aureus as traditional method. Egyption Jounal Aquatic Biology & Fisheries, 14(1), pp. 7–74.

El-Zaeem, S.Y., Ahmed, M.M.M., El-Sayed. M. and Darwesh, D.M.F., 2012. Production of salinity tolerant tilapia through nterspecific hybridization between Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and red tilapia (Oreochromis sp.). African Journal of Agricultural Research, 7(19), pp. 2955–2961.

Falconer, D.S. and Mackay, T.F.C.,1996. Introduction to Quantitative Genetics. 4th Ed. Longman, England.

Gjedrem, T., 2005. Selection and Breeding Programs in Aquaculture. AKVAFORSK, Institute of Aquaculture Research AS, Springer. Netherlands.

Hadie, L.E., Dewi, R.S.S., Sularto. dan Wartono, H., 2011. Inovasi sistem budidaya nila toleran salinitas dalam mendukung revitalisasi tambak. Laporan teknis. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan Budi Daya. Jakarta.

Hallauer, A.R., Marcelo, J.C. and Miranda, J.B., 2010. Quantitative genetics in maize breeding. Springer Science and Business Media.

Lawrence, C.S., Morrissy N.M., Vercoe, P.E. and Williams, I.H., 2000. Hybridization in Australian freshwater crayfish -production of all-male progeny. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, 31(4), 651–658.

Liao, I.C. and Chang, S.L., 1983. Studies on the feasibility of red tilapia culture in saline water. In: Fishelson, L. and Yaron, Z. (eds) Proceedings of the International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture. Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel, pp. 524–533.

Lutz, C.G., Armas, Rosales, A.M. and Saxton, A.M., 2010. Genetic effects influencing salinity tolerance in six varieties of tilapia (Oreochromis) and their reciprocal crosses. Aquaculture Research, 41(11), pp. 770–780.

Maluwa, A.O. and Gjerde, B., 2006. Genetic evaluation of four strains of Oreochromis shiranus for harvest body weight in a diallel cross. Aquaculture 259(1-4), pp. 28–37.

Mugo-Bundi J., Oyoo-Okoth, E., Ngugi, C.C., Manguya-Lusega, D.,Rasowo, J. and Chepkirui, B.V., 2013. Utilization of Caridina nilotica (Roux) meal as a protein ingredient in feeds for Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Aquaculture Research, 46(2), pp. 1–12.

Moorman, B.P., Lerner, D.T., Grau, E.G., Seale, A.P., 2015. The effects of acute salinity challenges on osmoregulation in Mozambique tilapia reared in a tidally changing salinity. Journal of Experimental Biology, 218. pp. 731–739.

Ninh N. H., Thoa, N.P. and Nguyen, N.H., 2014. Selection for enhanced growth performance of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) in brackish water (15–20 g/L) in Vietnam. Aquaculture, 428–429, pp. 1–6.

Nugon, R.W., 2003. Salinity tolerance of juveniles of four varieties of tilapia. M.Sc. Thesis, Lou isiana State University, USA.

Perschbacher, P.W., 2014., Tilapia: The “Aquatic Chicken” - At Last Journal of Fisheries & Journal of Fisheries & Livestock Production, 2(2), pp. 1–2.

Poehlman, J.M., 1977. Breeding Field Crops. 2nd Ed. The AVI Publishing Company, INC. Westport, Connecticut.

Pongthana, N., Nguyen, N.H., and Ponzoni, R.W., 2010.Comparative performance of four red tilapia strains and their crosses in fresh-and saline water environments. Aquaculture, 308, pp.109–114.

Pusat Data, Statistik dan Informasi (Pusdatin)., 2018. Kelautan dan Perikanan Dalam Angka 2018. Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan. Jakarta.

Radona, D., Subagja, D., Kusmini, I.I. dan Gustiano, R., 2016. Nilai heterosis dan peranan induk pada karakter pertumbuhan hasi persilangan interspesifik tor soro dan tor douronensis [growth heterosis values and the role of parent tor soro and tor douronensis in interspesific crossed]. Berita Biologi, 15(2), pp.107–112.

Rahman, M.A., Arshad, A., Marimuthu, K., Ara, R. and Amin, S.M.N., 2013. Inter -specifik Hybridization and Its Potentialfor Aquaculture of Pin Fishes. Asian Journal Of Animal And Veterinary Advances, 8(2), pp.139–153.

Setyawan, P., Robisalmi, A. dan Gunadi, B ., 2015. Perbaikan pertumbuhan dan toleransi salinitas ikan nila Srikandi (Oreochromis aureus x niloticus) melalui hibridisasi dan back-cross dengan O.aureus F-1 di keramba jarring apung laut. Jurnal Riset Akuakultur, 10(4), pp. 471–479.

Singh, R.K. and Chaudary, B.D., 1977. Biometrical Methods in Quantitative Genetic Analysis. Kalyani Publishers. New Delhi.

Stickney, R.R., 1986. Tilapia tolerance of saline waters: a review. The Progressive. Fish-Culturist, 48(3), pp.161–167.

Su, S., Xu, P. and X. Yuan., 2013. Estimates of combining ability and heterosis for growth traits in a full diallel cross of three strains of common carp, Cyprinus carpio L. African Journal of Biotechnology, 12(22), pp. 3514–3521.

Suresh, A.V. and Lin, C.K., 1992. Tilapia culture in saline waters: a review. Aquaculture, 106(3-4), pp. 201–226.

Tayamen, M.M., Reyes R.A., Danting, M.J., Emdoza, A.M., Marquez, E.B., Salguet, A.C., Gonzales R.C., Abella T.A. and Vera-Cruz, E.M. 2002. Tilapia broodstock development for saline waters in the Philippines. Naga, The ICLARM Quarterly, 25, pp. 32–36.

Tave, D., 1993. Genetic for Fish Hatchery Managers. 2nd ed. AVI. Publishing Company. Inc. Connecticut.

Thodesen, J., Rye, M., Yu-Xiang,W., Kong-Song, Y., Bentsen, H.B. and Gjedrem, T., 2013. Genetic improvement of tilapias in China: genetic parameters and selection responses in growth, survival and external color traits of red tilapia (Oreochromis spp.) after four generations of multi-trait selection. Aquaculture, 416-417, pp. 354–366.

Warwick, EJ., Astuti J.M. dan Hardjosubroto, W., 1955. Pemuliaan Ternak. Gadjah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta.

Zoneveld, N., Huisman, S.A. dan Boon, J.H., 1991. Prinsip-Prinsip Budidaya Ikan. PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama. Jakarta.


  • There are currently no refbacks.