EFEK AROMATERAPI MINYAK ATSIRI MAWAR (Rosa damascena MILL.) DAN KULIT JERUK LIMAU (Citrus amblycarpa) TERHADAP JUMLAH MIKROBA UDARA RUANGAN BERPENDINGIN

Oom Komala, Novi Fajar Utami, Siti Mariyam Rosdiana
| Abstract views: 179 | PDF views: 115

Abstract

Energy, material, and or other components were entered to the air by activities of human could cause air quality down to a specific level that could affect human health. The bacteria in the human oral cavity such as Staphylococcus sp. were found in the air during common activities such as coughing, sneezing, and speaking. The research aimed to assess the influence of the combination of oils essential of Rosa damacena and leather oil of Citrus amblycarpa against a decline in the total of microbes on air-conditioned rooms. The method of the research  was used the evaporation of aromatherapy and plate count method. The results were showed that P3 with the concentration of oils essential of R. damacena 2% and leather oil of C. amblycarpa 5% most effective could decrease the total of microbes with an average of 72.5%. Organoleptic, relative density, refractive index, solubility in 90% ethanol, and acid number analysis of Rosa damacena and Citrus amblycarpa leather essential oils met the Indonesian National Standard requirements except for the acid number of leatherlime essential oil and the optical rotation of rose essential oil. It is concluded that the combination of oils essential R. damacena and leather oil of C. amblycarpa  could reduce the total of microbes on air-conditioned rooms.

Keywords

Aromatherapy, Citrus amblycarpa leather oil, Rosa damacena

Full Text:

PDF

References

Amaliyah, N. dan Aryanto, P., 2016. Konsentrasi Kulit Jeruk Sambal Dalam Menurunkan Densitas Bakteri Pada Ruang Penyajian Makanan. Skripsi. Poltekkes Kemenkes Potianak.

Apriyantono, A. dan Nugroho, A., 1996. Ekstraksi dan karakteristik minyak kulit jeruk pontianak (Citrus nobilis var. Microcarpa). Buletin Teknik dan Industri Pangan, 2. pp. 171.

Armando, dan Rochim, 2009. Memproduksi Minyak Atsiri Berkualitas. Cetakan I. Penerbit Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta.

Astarini, F.P.N., Burhan, P.Y.R. dan Zetra, Y., 2009. Minyak Atsiri Dari Kulit Buah Citrus Grandis, Citrus Aurantium x (L), dan Citrus Amblycarpa Sebagai Senyawa Anti Bakteri dan Insetisida. Prosiding Skripsi. Surabaya FMIPA ITS.

Backer, C.A. and Bakhuizen van den Brink, 1965. Flora of Java (Spermatophyta Only), Vol. I, Wolter-Noordhoff, NVO., Groningen.

Depkes RI., 1999. Inventaris Tanaman Obat Indonesia. Edisi V. Dirjen POM. Jakarta.

Emerson, J., 2004. Top Aromatherapy Oils, Balms, and Lotions. BizDIrect.

Fitria, L., Wulandari, R.A., Hermawati, E. dan Susanna, D., 2008. Kualitas udara dalam ruangan perpustakaan Universitas “X” ditinjau dari kualitas biologi, fisik, dan kimiawi. Makara,7, pp. 76–82.

Guanther, E., 1987. The Essential Oils. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company. New York, 5, 3–56.

_______, E., 1949. Minyak Atsiri. Jilid III A. Penerbit Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta.

_______, E., 1990. Minyak Atsiri. Jilid III A. Penerbit Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta.

Hariana, A., 2004. Tumbuhan Obat dan Khasiatnya. Penebar Swadaya. Depok.

Ketaren, S., 1985. Pengantar Teknologi Minyak Atsiri. Balai Pustaka, Jakarta.

Lota, M.L., Serra, D.R., Tomi, F. and Casanova, J., 2001, Chemical variability of peel and leaf essential oilsof 15 species of mandarins, Biochem Sys and Ecol, 29, pp. 77–104.

MacKinnon, K., 2004. Aromatherapy: art or Science? Highlights of Aromatherapy in Medicine Today. Inet Continuing Education brought to pharmacists by Pfizer Inc. USPG, Vol 8 No 8.

Moates, G.K. and John, R., 1991. Comparison of rose extracts produced by different extraction techniques 3, 289–294.

Mulyana,Y., Warya, S. dan Fika, Inayah, 2011. Efek aromaterapi minyak esensial mawar (Rosa damacena Mill.) terhadap jumlah bakteri udara ruangan berpendingin. Jurnal Medika Planta, 1(4), pp. 49–58.

Sastrohamidjojo, H., 2004. Kimia Minyak Atsiri. Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Stryjakowska-Sekulska M., Piotraszewska-pajak A., Szyszka A., Nowicki M. and Filipiak M., 2007. Microbiological Quality of Indoor Air in University Rooms. Polish Journal of Environments Study, 16, pp. 623–632.

Waluyo, L., 2007. Mikrobiologi Umum. UMM Press. Malang, pp, 61–67.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.