Jojo Subagja, Vitas Atmadi Prakoso, Otong Zenal Arifin, Anang Hari Kristanto
| Abstract views: 580 | PDF views: 703


Proper stocking density on larval rearing of barred loach (Nemacheilus fasciatus Valenciennes, 1846) is very important in terms of obtaining the best growth and survival rate. This study was aimed to observe the growth and survival rate of barred loach subjected to different larval stocking density. Fish larvae were obtained by artificial spawning from in aquarium. Larvae were stocked on aquariums (50 × 40 × 30 cm) with three stocking density treatments (5, 10, and 15 individuals/L) and three replications. The experimental fish larvae were fed by Artemia and commercial feed (crude protein content: 30%) and feeding frequency twice per day (ad libitum). The length and weight were reassured every 10 days during 70 days of rearing period. Temperature, pH, and dissolved oxygen were measured at each treatment. Data obtained from measurements were analysed to assess the length gain, weight gain, specific growth rate (SGR), biomass gain, and survival rate. The results showed length gain of 3.35 ± 0.01, 2.94 ± 0.10, and 2.82 ± 0.15 cm and weight gain of 0.573 ± 0.023, 0.436 ± 0.018, and 0.417 ± 0.043 g in larval stocking density of 5, 10 and 15 individuals/L, respectively. Specific growth rates and biomass growth were of 6.22 ± 0.41, 5.93 ± 0.21, and 5.68 ± 0.41 %/day and 94.04 ± 5.39, 146.80 ± 3.81, and 167.24 ± 17.48 g in larval stocking density of 5, 10 and 15 individuals/L, respectively. Meanwhile, the survival rates obtained in this study were 89.13 ± 7.25, 93.13 ± 5.13, and 76.50 ± 3.54 % in larval stocking density of 5, 10 and 15 individuals/L, respectively. Increased stocking density has a negative impact on the growth and survival rate of barred loach.


Aquaculture, Nemacheilus fasciatus, larvae

Full Text:



Ath-thar, M.H.F., Ambarwati, A., Soelistyowati, D.T. dan Kristanto, A.H., 2018. Keragaan genotipe dan fenotipe ikan uceng Nemacheilus fasciatus (Valenciennes, 1846) asal Bogor, Temanggung, dan Blitar. Jurnal Riset Akuakultur, 13(1), pp. 1–10.

Barcellos, L.J.G., Kreutz, L.C., Quevedo, M.R., Fioreze, I., Cericato, L., Soso, A.B., Fagundes, M., Conrad, J., Baldissera, R.K., Bruschi, A. and Ritter, F., 2004. Nursery rearing of Rhamdia quelen (Quoy and Gaimard) in cages: cage type, stocking density and stress response to confinement. Aquaculture, 232, pp. 383–394.

Barton, B.A., 2002. Stress in fishes: a diversity of responses with particular reference to changes in circulating corticosteroids. Integrated Comparative Biology, 42, pp. 517–525.

Bolasina, S., Tagawa, M., Yamashita, Y. and Tanaka, M., 2006. Effect of stocking density on growth, digestive enzyme activity and cortisol level in larvae and juveniles of Japanese flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus. Aquaculture, 259(1–4), pp. 432–443.

Chakraborty, B.K. and Mirza, M.J.A., 2007. Effect of stocking density on survival and growth of endangered bata, Labeo bata (Hamilton–Buchanan) in nursery ponds. Aquaculture, 265(1–4), pp. 156–162.

Coulibaly, A., Ouattara, I.N., Kone, T., N’Douba, V., Snoeks, J., Bi, G.G. and Kouamelan, E.P., 2007. First results of floating cage culture of the African catfish Heterobranchus longifilis Valenciennes, 1840: Effect of stocking density on survival and growth rates. Aquaculture, 263, pp. 61–67.

Cordeiro, N.I.S., Costa, D.C., S e Silva, W., Takata, R., Miranda Filho, K.C. and Luz, R.K., 2016. High stocking density during larviculture and effect of size and diet on production of juvenile Lophiosilurus alexandri Steindachner, 1876 (Siluriformes: Pseudopimelodidae). Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 32(1), pp. 61–66.

De las Heras, V., Martos-Sitcha, J.A., Yúfera, M., Mancera, J.M. and Martínez-Rodríguez, G., 2015. Influence of stocking density on growth, metabolism and stress of thick-lipped grey mullet (Chelon labrosus)

juveniles. Aquaculture, 448, pp. 29–37.

Effendie, M.I., 1979. Metode Biologi Perikanan. Yayasan Dewi Sri, Bogor.

El-Sayed, A.M., 2002. Effect of stocking and feeding levels on growth and feed efficiency of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) fry. Aquaculture Research, 33, pp. 621–626.

Hidayatullah, S. dan Taqwa, F.H., 2015. Pendederan larva ikan gabus (Channa striata) di kolam terpal dengan padat tebar berbeda. Jurnal Perikanan dan Kelautan, 20(1), pp. 62–71.

Houde, E.D., 1975. Effects of stocking density and food density on survival, growth and yield of laboratory reared larvae of sea bream Archosargus rhomboidalis (L.) (Sparidae). Journal of Fish Biology, 7(1), pp. 115–127.

Huang, W.B. and Chiu, T.S., 1997. Effects of stocking density on survival, growth, size variation, and production of Tilapia fry. Aquaculture Research, 28, pp. 165–173.

Joko, J., Muslim, M. dan Taqwa, F.H., 2013. Pendederan larva ikan tambakan (Helostoma temmincki) dengan padat tebar berbeda. Jurnal Perikanan dan Kelautan, 18(2), pp. 59–67.

King, N.J., Howell, W.H., Huber, M. and Bengtson, D.A., 2000. Effects of larval stocking density on laboratory scale and commercial-scale production of summer flounder Paraliehthys dentatus. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, 31(3), pp. 436–445.

Laiz-Carrion, R., Viana, I.R., Cejas, J.R., Ruiz-Jarabo, I., Jerez, S., Martos, J.A., Eduardo, A.B. and Mancera, J.M., 2012. Influence of food deprivation and high stocking density on energetic metabolism and stress response in red porgy, Pagrus pagrus L. Aquaculture Research, 20, pp. 585–599.

Lagos, L., Herrera, M., Sánchez Lazo, C. and Martínez Pita, I., 2015. Effect of larval stocking density on growth, survival and whole body cortisol of the Mediterranean mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis (Lamarck, 1819) larvae reared under laboratory conditions. Aquaculture Research, 46(7), pp. 1648–1656.

Li, D., Liu, Z. and Xie, C., 2012. Effect of stocking density on growth and serum concentrations of thyroid hormones and cortisol in Amur sturgeon, Acipenser schrenckii. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 38(2), pp. 511–520.

Luz, R.K., Santos, J.C.E., Pedreira, M.M. and Teixeira, E.A., 2011. Effect of water flow rate and feed training on "pacamã" (Siluriforme: Pseudopimelodidae) juvenile production. Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, 63(4), pp. 973–979.

Murtidjo, B.A., 2001. Beberapa Metode Pembenihan Ikan Air Tawar. Kanisius, Yogyakarta.

Prakoso, V.A., Ath-thar, M.H.F., Subagja, J. dan Kristanto, A.H., 2016. Pertumbuhan ikan uceng (Nemacheilus fasciatus) dengan padat tebar berbeda dalam lingkungan ex situ. Jurnal Riset Akuakultur, 11(4), pp. 355–362.

Prakoso, V.A., Subagja, J. dan Kristanto, A.H., 2017. Aspek biologi reproduksi dan pola pertumbuhan ikan uceng (Nemacheilus fasciatus) dalam pemeliharaan di akuarium. Media Akuakultur, 12(2), pp. 67–74.

Rahman, M.M., Chowdhury, P. and Islam, M.S., 2016. Effects of stocking density on growth and production performance of monosex male tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) in earthen ponds. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, 4(3), pp. 267–271.

Rahman, M.R. and Rahman, M.A., 2003. Studies on the growth, survival and production of calbasu (Labeo calbasu Ham.) fry at different stocking densities in primary nursing. Bulletin of Faculty of Science University of Ryukyus, Japan, (76), pp. 245–255.

Sirakov, I. and Ivancheva, E., 2008. Influence of stocking density on the growth performance of rainbow trout and brown trout grown in recirculation system. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 14(2), pp. 150–154.

Timmons, M.B., Ebeling, J.M., Wheaton, F.W., Summerfelt, S.T. and Vinci, B.J., 2001. Recirculating Aquaculture Systems. NRAC Publication, Cayuga Aqua Ventures, Ithaca, 34, pp. 151–154.

Tjahjo, D.W.H., Purnamaningtyas, S.E. dan Purnomo, K., 2017. Bioekologi ikan uceng (Nemacheilus fasciatus) di Kali Lekso, Blitar. Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Indonesia, 6(2), pp. 13–21.

Toscano, B.J., Fodrie, F.J., Madsen, S.L. and Powers, S.P., 2010. Multiple prey effects: agonistic behaviors between prey species enhances consumption by their shared predator. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 385(1–2), pp. 59–65.

Weatherley, A.H. and Gill, H.S., 1987. The Biology of Fish Growth. Academic Press, London.

Zied, R.M.A., El-Maksoud, A.M.S.A. and Ali, A.A.A., 2005. Effect of stocking density rates of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) and grey mullet (Mugil cephalus L.) on their performance in poly culture earthen ponds. Annuals of Agriculture Science, Mostohor, 43, pp. 1057–1066.


  • There are currently no refbacks.