PENINGKATAN SINTASAN LARVA IKAN KERAPU SUNU (Plectropomus leopardus) MELALUI MANAJEMEN PEMELIHARAAN YANG SESUAI

Daniar Kusumawati, Yasmina Nirmala Asih, Ketut Maha Seti
| Abstract views: 840 | PDF views: 1507

Abstract

Survival rate of coral trout seed produced from aquaculture was relatively low. In 2015, high mortality was found at the early stage of larval development (<D10), approximately 64.37 % of the total production. There has been no standard management for coral trout (Plectropomus leopardus) larval rearing, which was used to adopt management for grouper (Epinephelus spp.) larval rearing. This study was to apply suitable management for coral trout larval rearing into aimed to decrase mortality at early stage larval development and to increase survival rate. There were two different managements in this study: A. applying the results of previous research of coral trout larval rearing from 2004 to 2015, and B. using standard management for grouper larval rearing. The results showed that management A was more suitable management for coral trout larval rearing compared to management B. Management A resulted in the increasing of survival rate by five times (p=0.0056) and of growth rate at early stage by 1.15 times (p=0.2338) higher than those of management B. 

 

Keywords

management of larval rearing, coral trout, Plectropomus leopardus

Full Text:

PDF

References

Andamari, R., Suwirya, K., Melianawati, R., Wardoyo, Marzuki, M. dan Prijono, A., 2005. Perkembangan embrio, endogenous energi dan lemak pada larva kerapu sunu (Plectropomus leopardus). Laporan Teknis 2005 BBRPBL. BBRPBL, Gondol-Bali.

Andamari, R., Suwirya, K., Melianawati, R. dan Marzuqi, M., 2006. Perkembangan morfologi larva dan pemeliharaan larva kerapu sunu (Plectropomus leopardus) dengan pakan alami yang diperkaya. Laporan Teknis 2006 BBRPBL. Balai Besar Riset Pengembangan Budidaya Laut, Gondol, Bali.

Andamari, R., Ismi, S., Wardoyo, dan Marzuki, M., 2007. Pemeliharaan larva ikan kerapu sunu (Plectropomus leopardus) dengan perbedaan fotoperiod dan intensitas cahaya. Laporan Teknis 2007 BBRPBL. Balai Besar Riset Pengembangan Budidaya Laut, Gondol, Bali.

Andamari, R., Suwirya, K., Melianawati, R., Astuti, N.W.W. dan Hutapea, J. H., 2009. Pemantapan Produksi Benih Kerapu Sunu Plectropomus leopardus. Laporan Teknis Hasil Penelitian Balai Besar Riset Perikanan Budidaya Laut Gondol Tahun Anggaran 2009. Besar Riset Perikanan Budidaya Laut. Gondol, Bali.

Aslianti, T., Asmanik, Ismi, S., Wardoyo, dan Suwirya, K., 2006. Studi pemeliharaan larva kerapu sunu, Plectropomus leopardus secara massal. Laporan Teknis 2006 BBRPBL. Balai Besar Riset Pengembangan Budidaya Laut, Gondol, Bali.

Aslianti, T., Asmanik, K. dan Suwirya., 2007. Evaluasi teknologi pemeliharaan larva kerapu sunu, Plectropomus leopardus secara massal. Laporan Teknis 2007 BBRPBL. Balai Besar Riset Pengembangan Budidaya Laut, Gondol, Bali.

Barlow, C.G., Pearce, M.G.L.J., Rodger, and Clayton, P., 1995. Effects of photoperiode on growth, survival and feeding periodicity of larval and juvenile barramundi Lates calcarifer (Bloch). Aquaculture, 138, 159–168.

Barton, B.A., 2002. Stress in fishes: a diversity of responses with particular reference to changes in circulating corticosteroids. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 42, pp. 517– 525.

Barton, B.A. and Iwama, G.K., 1991. Physiological changes in fish from stress in aquaculture with emphasis on the response and effects of corticosteroids. Annual Review of Fish Disease, 1, pp. 3– 26.

Bell, J.G., McEvoy, L.A., Estevez, A., Shields, R.J. and Sargent, J.R., 2003. Optimising lipid nutrition in first-feeding flatfish larvae. Aquaculture, 227 (1-4), pp. 211–220.

Bonga, S.E.W., 1997. The stress respon in fish. Physiological reviews, 77 (3), pp. 591–625.

Buckley, L.J., Smigielski, A.S., Halavik, T.A., Caldarone, E.M., Burns, B.R. and Laurence, G.C., 1991. Winter flounder Pseudopleuronectes americanus reproductive success. II. Effects of spawning time and female size on size, composition and viability of eggs and larvae. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 74, pp. 125–135.

Chang, V.M. And Idler, D.R., 1960. Biochemical studies on sockeye salmon during spawning migration: XII. Liver glicogen. Canadian Journal of Biochemistry Physology, 38 (6), pp. 553–558.

Duray, M. and Kohno, H., 1988. Effects of Continuous Lighting on Growth and Survival of First-Feeding Larval Rabbitfish, Siganus guttatus. Aquaculture, 72, pp. 73–79.

Frisch, A. And Anderson, T., 2005. Physiological stress responses of two species of coral trout (Plectropomus leopardus and Plectropomus maculatus). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A, 140, pp. 317– 327.

Hamre, K., Srivastava, A., Rønnestad, I., Mangor-jensen, A. and Stoss, J., 2008. Several micronutrients in the rotifer Brachionus sp. may not fulfil the nutritional Nutrition, 14, pp. 51–60.

Imsland, A.K., Folkvord, A. and Stefansson, S.O., 1995. Growth, oxygen consumption and activity of juvenile turbot (Scophthalmus maximus L.) reared under different temperatures and photoperiods. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 34(1), pp. 149–159.

Ismi, S., Aslianti, T., Wardoyo, dan Suwirya, K., 2006. Pemeliharaan larva kerapu sunu (Plectropomus leopardus) dengan kombinasi pakan yang berbeda. Laporan Teknis 2006 BBRPBL. Balai Besar Riset Perikanan Budidaya Laut, Gondol, Bali.

Koven, W., Barr, Y., Lutzky, S., Ben-Atia, I., Weiss, R., Harel, M., Behrens, P. and Tandler, A., 2001. The effect of dietary arachidonic acid 20:4n-6 on growth, survival and resistance to handling stress in gilthead seabream Sparus aurata larvae. Aquaculture, 193, pp. 107–122.

Ludwig, G.M., Rawles, S.D. and Lochmann, S.E., 2008. Effect of Rotifer Enrichment on Sunshine Bass Morone chrysops × M. saxatilis Larvae Growth and Survival and Fatty Acid Composition. Journal of The World Aquaculture Society, 39(2), pp. 158 –173.

Matias-Peralta, H.M., 2004. Biology and culture of a tropical harpacticoid copepod Nitocra affinis Californica Lang. Thesis. Universiti Putra Malaysia. Malaysia.

McEvoy, L.A., Navarro, J.C., Bell, J.G. and Sargent, J.R., 1995. Autoxidation of oil emulsions during the Artemia enrichment process. Aquaculture, 134, pp. 101–112.

Melianawati, R. dan Andamari, R., 2010. Pengaruh perbedaan jenis bahan pengkaya pada pakan alami rotifer (Brachiouns notundiformis) terhadap aktivitas enzim perncernaan dan pertumbuhan larva ikan kerapu sunu (Plectropomus leopardus). Aquaculture Indonesiana 11, pp. 105–111.

Melianawati, R., Astuti, N.W.W., Suwirya, K. dan Andamari, R., 2011. Penambahan taurin bagi peningkatan produksi benih kerapu sunu (Plectropomus leopardus). Forum Inovasi Teknologi Akuakultur. Denpasar, Juli 2011. Haryanti, Rachmansyah, K Sugama, A Parenrengi, A Sudradjat, imron, A Sunarto, GS Sumiarsa, ZI Azwar, AH Kristanto (Penyunting), pp. 421–428.

Melianawati, R., Astuti, N.W.W., Suwirya, K., Slamet, B. dan Andamari, R., 2012. Peningkatan produktivitas dan kualitas benih kerapu sunu (Plectropomus leopardus). Laporan tahunan Balai Besar Litbang Budidaya Laut. Balai Besar Litbang Budidaya Laut. Gondol, Bali.

Melianawati, R., Astuti, N.W.W. dan Suwirya, K., 2013. The use of copepods to improve juveniles production of coral trout Plectropomus leopardus (Lacepede, 1802). Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 16, pp. 237–244.

O’Brien-Mac Donald, K., Brown, J.A. And Parrish, C.C., 2006. Growth, behaviour, and digestive enzyme activity in larval Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) in relation to rotifer lipid. ICES Journal Marine Science, 63(2), pp. 275–284.

Park, H.G., Puvanendran, V., Kellett, A., Parrish, C.C. and Brown, J.A., 2006. Effect of enriched rotifers on growth, survival, and composition of larval Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). ICES Journal Marine Science, 63 (2), pp. 285 – 295.

Sargent, J.R., Bell, J.G., Bell, M.., Henderson, R.J. and Tocher, D.J., 1993. The metabolism of phospolipids and polyunsaturated fatty acids in fish. In: B. Lahlou and P. Vitiello (Eds.), Aquaculture: Fundamental and applied research, 43, pp. 103–124.

Sargent, J., McEvoy, L., Estevez, A., Bell, G., Bell, M., Henderson, J. and Tocher, D., 1999. Lipid nutrition of marine fish during early development: current status and future directions. Aquaculture, 179, pp. 217–229.

Sembiring, S.B.M., Suwirya, K., Wardana, I.K. dan Haryanti., 2013. Konfirmasi gen penyandi tumbuh cepat pada benih dan induk ikan kerapu sunu (Plectropomus leopradus). Jurnal Riset Akuakultur, 8 (1), pp. 13–20.

Setiawati, K.M., Astuti, N.W.W., Slamet, B., Andamari, R., Suwirya, K., Sumiarsa, G.S. dan Imanto, P.T., 2013. Produksi benih ikan kerapu sunu (Plectropomus leopardus). Laporan Teknis Akhir Kegiatan. Kementrian Kelautan dan perikanan.

Setiawati, K.M., Slamet, B., Astuti, N.W.W., Setiadharma, T., Astuti, R.P., Sumiarsa, G.S., Moria, G.S.S. dan Imanto, P.T., 2014. Dosis pemberian kopepoda yang berbeda pada pemeliharaan larva kerapu sunu (Plectropomus leopardus). Laporan Teknis Akhir Kegiatan. Kementrian Kelautan dan perikanan.

Sugama, K., Rimmer, M.A., Ismi, S., Koesharyani, I., Suwirya, K., Giri, N.A. dan Alava, V.R., 2013. Pengelolaan Pembenihan Kerapu Macan (Epinephelus fuscoguttatus): Suatu Panduan Praktik Terbaik. ACIAR. Canberra.

Suwirya, K., Prijono, A., Hanafi, A., Andamari, R., Melianawati, R., Marzuqi, M., Sugama, K. dan Giri, N.A., 2006. Pedoman Teknis Pembenihan Ikan Kerapu Sunu (Plectropomus leopardus). Pusat Riset Perikanan Budidaya. Jakarta.

Suwirya, K. Dan Giri, N.A., 2010. Usaha pengembangan budidaya ikan kerapu sunu (Plectropomus leopardus) di Indonesia. Forum Inovasi Teknologi Akuakultur. Denpasar, Juli 2011. Haryanti, Rachmansyah, K Sugama, A Parenrengi, A Sudradjat, imron, A Sunarto, GS Sumiarsa, ZI Azwar, AH Kristanto (Penyunting), pp. 307–314.

Wedemeyer, G.A., Barton, B.A. and McLeay, D.J., 1990. Stress and Acclimation. In: Schreck CB, PB Moyle. (Eds.). Methods for Fish Biology. 451–489. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda.

Widiastuti, E.L. dan Nismah., 2006. Studi biologi pemanfaatan osmolit organik taurin pada larva kerapu macan (Epinephelus fuscoguttatus Forskal). Jurnal Sains Teknologi, 12, pp. 97–102.

Yoseda, K., Yamamoto, K., Asami, K., Chimura, M., Hashimoto, K. and Kosaka, S., 2008. Influence of light intensity on feeding, growth, and early survival of leopard coral grouper (Plectropomus leopardus) larvae under mass-scale rearing conditions. Aquaculture, 279, pp. 55–62.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.