CLONING, EXPRESSION, AND PARTIAL PURIFICATION OF PLANTARICIN W LOCUS PRODUCED BY Lactobacillus plantarum S34

Rifqiyah Nur Umami, Apon Zaenal Mustopa, Linda Sukmarini, Hasim Danuri, Andini Setyanti Putri, Krisna Dwi Aria Wibowo
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Abstract

Lactobacillus plantarum S34 dilaporkan mempunyai aktivitas antibakteri yang terkait dengan produksi bakteriosin. Bagian dari gen yang menyandikan salah satu lokus bakteriosin yang diproduksi oleh L. plantarum S34, disebut dengan plantarisin W (plnW), diamplifikasi dari plasmid dan dikloning menggunakan sistem vektor pGEM®-T Easy ke dalam Escherichia coli DH5?. Sekuens nukleotida plnW (± 405 pb) diidentifikasi sebagai protein integral membran. Lebih lanjut, plnW diekspresikan secara heterologus sebagai fusi protein dengan His(6)-tag tioredoksin menggunakan vektor ekspresi pET-32a(+) ke dalam E. coli BL21 (DE3) pLysS. Protein fusi rekombinan plnW terdapat dalam sitoplasma sel, tetapi selain fraksi terlarut terdapat juga fraksi tidak terlarut berupa badan inklusi. Purifikasi parsial dilakukan menggunakan kromatografi afinitas ligan Co2+ untuk fraksi terlarut dan metode elektroelusi gel poliakrilamid untuk fraksi tidak terlarut. Massa molekul berukuran kurang lebih 33 kDa terdeteksi berdasarkan pemisahan SDS-PAGE dan dikonfirmasi dengan Western blot sebagai protein fusi rekombinan plnW. Protein yang sudah terpurifikasi bermanfaat untuk mengetahui kaitan antara struktur dan fungsi bakteriosin.

Keywords

bakteriosin, badan inklusi, Lactobacillus plantarum S34, plantarisin W.

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