Arifin Fahmi
| Abstract views: 430 | PDF views: 771


The objective of the experiment was to investigate the effect of rice straw application on the growth of rice in two conditions of acid sulphate soils. An experiment was conducted in the glass house consisting of three treatment factors using the completely randomized design with three replications.The first factor was soil condition consisting of continuous application of rice straw and without application of rice straw during the last 5 years. The second factor was fresh application of rice straw consisting of application and without application, whereas the third factor was P application consisting of 3 rates of SP - 36 fertilizers.Parameters measured were plant height, tiller number and Fe toxicity score. Measurement were conducted at 2, 4, 6 and 8 weeks after planting. Plant dry weight and P concentration in plant tissue were determined at 8 weeks after planting. The result showed the main effect of rice straw application was significant decrease on the tiller number of the rice plant at 2, 4 and 6 weeks after planting, whereas significant on plant height was observed at 2 and 4 weeks after planting. Based on the scoring of degree of Fe toxicity, it was concluded that the rice plant did not exhibit any effect of Fe toxicity.


Jerami, padi, tanah sulfat masam.

Full Text:



Balai Penelitian Tanah. 2005. Analisis Kimia Tanah, Tanaman, Air dan Pupuk. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian. Departemen Pertanian. Bogor.

Breemen NV and Pons. 1978. Acid sulphate soil and rice. to: Soils and Rice, 739-762. IRRI. Los Banos, The Philippines

De Datta SK. 1981. Principles and Practices of Rice Production. John Wiley & Sons. Inc. New York. USA.

Dent DL. 1986. Acid Sulphate Soils. A baseline for research and development Publ. No. 39. ILR1. Wageningen, The Netherlands. Dobermann A and T

Fairhurst. 2000. Rice; Nutrient Disorders and Nutrient Management. IRRI. Makati City, The Fhillipines.

Fahmi A, B Radjagukguk dan BH Purwanto. 2009. Kelarutan posfat dan ferro pada tanah sulfat masam yang diberi bahan organik jerami padi. Jurnal Tanah Tropika 14 (II), 119-125.

IRRI. 1996. Standart Evaluation System for Rice. IRRI. Los Banos, The Filiphines. Khairullah I, M Imberan dan S Subowo. 1998. Adaptabilitas dan akseptabilitas varietas padi di lahan rawa pasang surut Kalimantan Selatan. Kalimantan Scintae 47, 38-50.

Kongchum M. 2005. Effect of Plant Residue and Water Management Practices on Soil Redox Chemistry, Methane Emission and Rice Productivity. Dissertation. Graduate Faculty of the Louisiana State University. USA.

Noor M. 2004. Lahan Rawa; Sifat dan Pengelolaan Tanah Bermasalah Sulfat Masam. PT Raja Grafindo Persada. Jakarta.

Pons LJ. 1973. Outline of the genesis, charactristics, classification and improvement of acid sulphate soils. In: Acid Sulphate Soils. I. Introduction Paper and Bibliography. H Dost (Ed). I, 1-27. ILRI. Wageningen, The Netherland.

Reddy KR and RD DeLaune. 2008. The Biogeochemistry of Wetlands; Science and applications. CRC Press. New York, USA.

Tadano T and T Yoshida. 1978. Chemical changes in submerged soils and their effect on rice growth. In:Soils and Rice, 399 - 420. IRRI. Los Banos, The Philippines.

Taiz L and E Zeiger. 2002. Plant Physiology. Third Edition Sinauer Associates Inc Publ. Massachusetts.

Tan KH. 2003. Humic Matter In the Soil and the Environment; Principles and controversies. Marcel Dekker, Inc. New York, USA.


  • There are currently no refbacks.