PEMANFAATAN KONSORSIUM BAKTERI LOKAL UNTUK BIOREMEDIASI LIMBAH TEKSTIL MENGGUNAKAN SISTEM KOMBINASI ANAEROBIK-AEROBIK

I Dewa K Sastrawidana, Bibiana W Lay, Anas Miftah Fauzi, Dwi Andreas Santosa
| Abstract views: 1702 | PDF views: 2405

Abstract

The objective of this research is to study the potential use microorganisms which are identified as Aeromonas sp., Pseudomonas $p., Flavobaclerium sp., Plesiomonas sp. and Vibrio sp. Five bacteria strains from sludge of Badung river were identified as Vibrio sp. and Plesiomonas sp. Two anaerobic-aerobic reactors were operated to treat textile waste water. Each reactor contained vulcanic stone to increase spesific surface of media for attachment of bacteria.Bacteria consortia used for anaerobic process consist of Aeromonas sp. (ML6), Aeromonas sp. (ML14), Aeromonas sp. 9ML24), Pseudomonas sp. (ML8) and Flavobacterium sp. (ML20). Whereas, bacteria consortia for aerobic process consist of Plesiomonas sp. (SB1), Plesiomonas sp. (SB2), Vibrio sp.(SB1), Vibrio sp. (SB2) and Vibrio sp. (SB3). The system was operated for 3 day in each reactor. The result showed, biodegradation of textile waste water in combined anaerobic-aerobic system by attached growth process is potential for treatment of textile waste water.This technology is effective to decrease COD value up to 98.38%, BODS 93.90%, TDS 80.87%, TSS 87.50% and decolorization of textile dyes up to 95.57%.

Keywords

Konsorsium bakteri lokal, biofilm, sistem kombinasi anaerobik-aerobik.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Ajibola VO, SJ Oney, CE Odeh, T Olugbodi and UG Umeh 2005. Biodegradation of indigo containing textile effluent using some strains of bacteria. Appl Sci. 5, 853-855.

Blackburn RS and SM Burkinshaw 2002. A Greener to Cotton Dyeing With Excellent Wash Fastness. Green Chemistry 4, 47-52.

Castilla CM, IB Toledo, MAF Garcia and JR Utrilla 2003. Influence of Support Surface Properties on Activity of Bacteria Immobilized on Activated Carbons for Water Denitrification. Carbon 41, 1743-1749.

Chen KC, JY Wu, DJ Liou and SJ Hwang 2003. Decolorization of textile dyes by newly isolated bacterial strains. Biotechnol 101, 57-68.

CutrightTJ 2001. Biotechnology Principles and Advances in Waste Control. Departement of Civil Engineering. University of Akron. HeFang, HuWenrong and LiYuezhong 2004. Biodegradation Mechanisms and Kinetics of Azo Dys 4BS by a Micobial Consortia. Chemosphere. 57, 293- 301.

Holt JG, NR Krieg, PHA Sneath, JT Staley and ST Williams 1994. Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology. Williams and Wilkins. Baltimore. USA.

Khehra MS, HS Saini, DK Sharma, BS Chada and SS Chimni 2006. Biodegradation of Azo Dye C.I Acid Red 88 by an Anoxic-Aerobic Sequential Bioreactor. Dyes and Pigmens 70, 1 -7.

Melgoza RM, A Cruz and G Bultron 2004. Anaerobic- Aerobic Treatment of Colorants Present in Textile Effluents. Water Sci. Technol. 50, 149-155

Misson M and F Razali 2007. Immobilization of Phenol Degrader Pseudomonas sp. in Repeated Batch Culture Using Bioceramic and Sponge as Support Materials. J. Teknol. 46, 51-59.

MonaEM, Mabroukand HYusef 2008. Decolorization of Fast Red by Bacillus Subtilis HM. Appl Sci Res. 4(3), 262-269.

Moosvi S, H Keharia and D Madamwar 2005. Decolourization of textile dye reactive violet 5 by a newly isolated bacterial consortium RVM 11,1. World J. Microbiol and Biotechnol. 21, 667-672.

Moutaouakkil A, Y Zeroual, FZ Dzayri, M Talbi, K Lee and M Blaghen 2003. Bacterial Decolorization of The Azo Methyl Red by Enterobacter agglomerans. Annal. Microbiol. 53,161-169

Padmavathy S, S Sandhya, K Swaminathan, YV Subrahmanyam.T Chakrabarti and S N Kaul 2003. Aerobic Decolorization of Reactive Azo Dyes in Presence of Various Cosubstrates. Chem and Biochem. Eng. 17(2), 147-151.

Pandey A, P Singh and L Iyengar 2007. Bacterial Decolorization and Degradation of Azo dyes. Review. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation 59,73-84

Russ R, J Rau and A Stolz 2000. The function of Cytoplasmic Flavin Rreductases in The Reduction of AzoDyes by Bacteria. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66, 1429-1434.

Taoufik J, Y Zeroual, A Moutaouakkil, S Moussaid, FZ Dzairi, M Talbi, A Hammoumi, K Belghmi, K Lee, M Loufi and M Blaghen 2004. Aromatichydrocarbons removal by immobilized bacteria (Pseudomonas sp., Staphylococcus sp.) in fluidized bed bioreactor. Annals of Microbiol. 54(2), 189-200.

Telke A, D Kalyani, J Jadhav and S Govindwar 2008. Kinetics and Mechanism of Reactive Red 141 Degradation by a Bacterial Isolat Rhizobium Radiobacter MTCC 8161. Ada Chim. Slov.SS, 320-329.

Van der Zee 2002. Anaerobic Azo Dye Reduction [Thesis]. Wageningen University. Netherlands

Yoo ES 2000. Biological and Chemical Mechanisms of Reductive Decolorization of Azo Dyes [Dissertation] Genehmigte Berlin.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.