KERAGAAN PERTUMBUHAN HIBRIDISASI EMPAT STRAIN IKAN MAS

MH Fariduddin Ath-thar, Vitas Atmadi Prakoso, Rudhy Gustiano
| Abstract views: 676 | PDF views: 818

Abstract

One way to support the increase of aquaculture production is to produce superior strains of growth. Carp as one of the potential for these commodities only rely on local strains which have had a decline in quality. For that, the effort to generate superior growth of carp need to be done. One way to do that is by hybridization. We carried out reciprocal crosses of 4 strains of carp Rajadanu, Subang, Majalaya and Kuningan to obtain 16 new strain candidates. Furthermore, growth test was conducted to find out the best candidate of the absolute and specific growth parameters. From these results, it was concluded that the absolute growth in length, weight, and the highest biomass obtained by crosses of SB x RD, the highest length and weight Specific Growth Rate obtained by crosses of RD x MJ. For the highest degree of survival is at the intersection of KN x SB, whereas the highest survival rate in the use of female parent KN. In the dominant male of female survival is the parent SB. The biggest positive heterosis character length growth values obtained by crosses of SB x RD. For the highest weight growth heterosis values obtained by crosses of SB x MJ. On the character of hatching, the highest positive heterosis values obtained by crosses of SB x MJ. The degree of survival of the highest heterosis values obtained by crosses of KN x MJ. On the character of the highest positive heterosis values of biomass obtained by crosses of SB x MJ. As for the character length SGR highest positive heterosis values obtained by crossing two directions of RD and SB. And for the character weight Specific Growth Rate, the highest positive heterosis values obtained by crossing two ways KN and MJ.

Keywords

Carp, hybridization, length growth and weight growth

Full Text:

PDF

References

Effendie MI. 1995. Biologi Perikanan. Yayasan Pustaka Nusatama: Bogor.

Falconer, DS and TFC. Mackay. 1996. Introduction to Quantitative Genetics. 4th Ed. Longman, Malaysia.

Flajshans M and G Hulata. 2004. Common Carp – Cyprinus carpio. Genimpact Final Scientific Report, 32-39.

Gjedrem T. 1993. International selective breeding programs: constraints and future prospect. In: Selective Breeding of Fishes in Asia and The United States, 18-23. Proceeding of a Workshop in Honolulu, Hawaii, May 3-7, 1993. KL Main and E. Reynolds (Eds.).

Hardjosubroto, W. 1994. Aplikasi Pemuliabiakan Ternak di Lapangan. Gramedia Widiasarana Indonesia, Jakarta.

Lemarie G. 2001. A Simple Test to Evaluate the Salinity Tolerance of Oreochromis niloticus, Saotherodon melanotheron and Their Hybrids. IFREMER, Palavas.

Kapuscinski AR and LD Jacobson. 1987. Genetic Guedlines for Fisheries Management. University of Minnesota USA.

Kurniasih T dan R Gustiano. 2007. Hibridisasi sebagai alternatif penyediaan ikan unggul. Media Akuakultur 2(1).

Noor RR. 2000. Genetika Ternak. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta. Nugroho E, H Amarulloh dan F Sukadi. 2001. Pemuliaan dan prospek perbenihan. Warta Penelitian Perikanan Indonesia 7(4), 18-23.

Tave D, RO Smitherman, V Jayaprakhas and DL Kuhler. 1996. Estimate of additive genetics effect, maternal genetics effect, individual heterosi, maternal heterosis and egg cytoplasmic effects for growth in Tilapia nilotica. J. WAS. 21(4), 263-270.

Tave D. 1995. Selective breeding programmes for mediumsized fish farms. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper No. 352. FAO, Rome,

Tave D. 1993. Genetics for Fish Managers. The AVI Publ. Comp. Inc. NY, USA.

Thien TM. 1993. A review of the fish breeding research and practises in Indonesia. In: Selective Breeding of Fishes in Asia and The United States, 190-197. Proceeding of a Workshop in Honolulu, Hawaii, May 3-7, 1993. KL Main and E Reynolds (Eds.).

Warwick JW, M Astuti dan W Hardjosubroto. 1995. Pemuliabiakan Ternak. Gajah Mada University Press.

Weatherly AH and HS Gill. 1987. The Biology of Fish Growth. Academic Press, Toronto, Canada.

Wu C. 1993. A review of traditional fish selective breeding rResearch and practises in China with emphasis on the use of genetic markers. In: Selective Breeding of Fishes in Asia and The United States, 206-213. Proceeding of a Workshop in Honolulu, Hawaii, May 3-7, 1993. KL Main and E Reynolds (Eds.).


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.