K Kramadibrata
| Abstract views: 210 | PDF views: 275


A study on the mycorrhizal status of plants growing in an urban forest reserve which has still patches of remnant native vegetation was conducted in the Gresswell Nature Reserve at Bundoora, Victoria, Australia.The results showed that there were 24 families comprising 53 species.Of the 53 species,32 had AM alone, 15 had AM and ectomycorrhiza,one had ectomycorrhiza alone and five were non-mycorrhizal. There were 26 taxa AM fungi associated with plant roots i.e.,four taxa of Acaulospora, one of Entrophospora, 19 of Glomus and two of Scutellospora.


hutan kota/ urban forest, ektomikoriza/ ectomycorrhiza, mikoriza arbuskula (AM)/ arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM).

Full Text:



Armstrong RD, Helyar KR and Christie EK. 1992. Va mycorrhiza in semi arid pastures of south-west Queensland and their effect on growth responses to phosphorous fertilizers by grasses. Australian Journal of Agriculture Research 43, 1143-1155.

Ashford AE and Allaway WG. 1982. A sheathing mycorrhiza on Pisonia grandisi R. Br. (Nyctaginaceae) with development of transfer cells rather than a Hartig net. New Phytologist 90,511-519.

Ashton DH. 1972. Studies on the mycorrhizae of Eucalyptus regnans F. Muell. Australian Journal of Botany 24,723-741.

Belik M and Khan AG 1993. Vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizae in aquatic plants of Sydney, NSW,Australia. In: Abstracts of 6th International Congress of Plant Pathology, Montreal, Canada, July 28-August6, 1993, Abstract no. 8.2.4.

Bellgard SE 1991. Mycorrhizal associations of plant species in Hawkesbury standstone vegetation. Australian Journal of Botany 39, 357-364.

Bergelson JM and Crawley JM 1988. Mycorrhizal infection and plant species diversity. Nature 334,202.

Blaszkowski J. 1990. Polish Endogonaceae. VII. Acaulospora capsicula sp. nov. Mycologia 82,794-798.

Brockhoff JO and Allaway WG. 1989. Vesiculararbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in natural vegetation and sand-mined dunes at Bridge hill, New South Wales. Wetlands 8, 47-54.

Brundrett MC. 1991. Mycorrhizas in natural ecosystems. Dalam M Begon, AH Fitter and A Macfayden (editor) in Advances in Ecological Research 21, 171-313.

Brundrett MC and Abbott LK. 1991. Roots of Jarrah forest plants. 1. Mycorrhizal associations of shrubs and herbaceous plants. Australian Journal of Botany 39, 445-457.

Chilvers GA. 1968. Some distinctive types of eucalypt mycorrhiza. Australian Journal of Botany 16,49-70.

Chilvers GA 1973. Host range of some eucalypt mycorrhizal fungi. Australian Journal of Botany 21, 103-111.

Chilvers GA and Pryor LD. 1965. The structure of eucalypt mycorrhizas. Australian Journal of Botany 13, 245-249. Environmental Biology 110, 1993. Practicals, La Trobe University.

Forbes SJ, Gullan PK, Kilgour RA and. Powell MA. 1984. A cencus of the vascular plants of Victoria, Melbourne, Victoria.

Gardner H and Malajczuk N. 1988. Recolonization of rehabilitated bauxite mine sites in Western Australia by mucorrhizal fungi. Forest ecology and management 24, 27-42.

Gerdemann J W. 1968. Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza and plant growth. Annual Review-Phytopathology 6, 397-418.

Gerdemann JW, and Nicolson, TH. 1963. Spores of ttfysmrhiz& Endogone species extracted from soil by wet sieving and decanting. Transaction of the British Mycological Society 46, 235-244.

Giovannetti M, Avio L. and Saiutini L. 1990. Morphological, cytochemical, and ontogenic characteristics of a new species of vesiculararbuscular mycorrhizal fungus. Canadian Journal of Botany 69, 161-167.

Hall IR and Abbott LK. 1984. Some endogonaceae from South Western Australia. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 83, 203-208.

Hirrel MC, Mehravaran H, and Gerdemann JW. 1978. Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae in Chenopodiaceae and Cruciferae: do they occur? Canadian Journal of Botany 56, 2813-12817.

Khan AG 1978. Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizas in plants colonizing black wastes from bituminous coal mining in the Illawarra region of New South Wales. New Phytologist 81, 53-63.

Koske RE 1975. Endogone spores in Australian sand dunes. Canadian Journal of Botany 53, 668-672.

Koske RE and Gemma JN. 1989. A modified procedure for staining roots to detect VA mycorrhizas. Mycological Research 92, 486-505.

Lamont B. 1972. The morphology and anatomy of proteoid roots in the genus Hakea. Australian Journal of Botany 20, 155-174.

Levisohn I. 1958. Mycorrhizal infection in Eucalyptus. Empire Forestry Review 37, 237-241.

Logan VS, Clarke PJ and Allaway WG. 1989. Mycorrhizas and root attributes of plants of coastal sand-dunes of New South Wales. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 16, 141 -146.

McGee PA. 1986a. Mycorrhizal associations of plant species in a semi arid community. Australian Journal of Botany 34,585-593.

McGee PA. 1986b. Further sporocarpic species of Glomus (Endogonaceae) from South Australia. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 87, 123-129.

Morton JB. 1986. Three species of Acaulospora (Endogonaceae) from high aluminum, low pH soils in west Virginia. Mycologia 78, 641-648.

Mosse B. 1973. Advances in the study of vesiculararbuscular mycorrhiza. Annual Review Phytopatholgy 11, 171-196.

Mosse B and Bowen, GD. 1968a. Akey to the recognition of some Endogone spore types. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 51, 469-483.

Mosse B. and Bowen GD. 1968b. The distribution of Endogone spores in some Australian and New Zealand soils and in an experimental field soil at Rothamstead. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 51, 485-492.

Peterson RL, Ashford AE and Allaway WG 1985. Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal associations of vascular plants on Heron Island, a Great Barrier Reef coral cay. Australian Journal of Botany 33,669-676.

Phillips R and Hayman DS. 1970. Improved procedures for clearing roots and staining parasitic and vesiculararbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for rapid assessment of infection. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 55: 158-160.

Read DJ, Koucheki HK and Hodgson J. 1976. Vesiculararbuscular mycorrhiza in natural vegetation systems. I. The occurrence of infection. New Phytology 77, 641-653.

Reddel P and Malajczuk N. 1984. Formation of mycorrhizae by jarrah (Eucalyptus marginata Donn ex Smith) in litter and soil. Australian Journal of Botany 32, 511-520.

Reddel P and Milnes AR 1990. Mycorrhizas and other specialized nutrient-acquisition strategies: their occurrence in woodland plants from Kakadu and their role in rehabilitation of waste rock dumps at a local uraniummine. Australian Journal of Botany 40,223-242.

Sanders IR. 1993. Temporal activity and specificity of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizas in co-existing grassland species. Oecologia 93, 349-355.

Scarlett NH, Wallbrink SJ and McDougall K. 1993. Field guide to Victoria 'a native grasslands: native plants of Victorian lowland plains. Victoria Press, Melbourne.

Schenck NC and Perez Y. 1990. Manual for the identification ofVA mycorrhizal fungi. 3"1. Synergistic Publications, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

Sward RJ, Hallam ND, and Holland AA. 1978. Endogone spores in a heathland area of South-eastern Australia. Australian Journal of Botany 26, 29-43.

Tandy PA. 1975. Sporocarpic species of Endogonaceae in Australia. Australian Journal of Botany 23, 849-866.

Triennial Report 1991-1993 of the LaTrobe University Wild life Reserve 1993.

Walker C, Mize CW and McNabb Jr HS. 1982. Population of endogonaceous fungi at two locations in Central Iowa. Canadian Journal of Botany 60, 2518-2529.

Warcup JH. 1957. Studies on the occurrence and activity of fungi in wheat-field soil. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 40, 237-262.

Warcup JH. 1980. Ectomycorrhizal associations of some Australian indigenous plants. NewPhytologist 85,531-535.

Warcup JH and McGee PA. 1983. The mycorrhizal associations of some Australian Asteraceae. New Phytologist 95, 667-672.

Warcup JH. 1991. The fungi forming mycorrhizas on eucalypt seedlings in regeneration coupes in Tasmania. Mycological Research 95, 329-332.


  • There are currently no refbacks.