PENGARUH MIKROBA TANAH TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL PANEN KEDELAI (Glycine max L.)

Sri Purwaningsih
| Abstract views: 560 | PDF views: 952

Abstract

A study was conducted in order to know the effect of soil microorganism as biofertilizer on the growth and yield of soybean (Glycine max L.) in Malang, East Java.The purpose of the study was to get inoculants as biofertilizer to improve the production of soybean.The experiment was carried out in Bantur village, Bantur district, South Malang, East Java, by using the rice land.The strain used were five single inoculants as follows: A (Bio 20R + Bio 22R + Bio 277R), B (Bio 277R + Bio 278R + Bio 302R), C (1L + 8L + Bio 302R), D (Bio 20R + Bio 22R + Bio 277R + Bio 278R + Bio 302R + 1L + 8L), V (MVA fungi), and four mixed inoculants (AV, BV, CV, and DV). Four controls as uninoculated plant and without fertilizer (Ki), uninoculated plant and with Urea fertilizer equal to 100 kg/ha (K2), uninoculated plant and with TSP fertilizer equal to 80 kg/ha (K3), uninoculated plant and with Urea and TSP fertilizer (K4). The experiment was designed as Randomized Complete Block as 13 treatments with three replications for each treatment, and interval planted with 20 x 35 cm. The plants were harvested after 90 days. The parameters of investigation were the dry weight of canopy, roots, root nodules, seeds, 100 of seeds, number of nodules and pods with harvest productions. The results showed that single inoculants (MVA fungi) and mixed inoculants CV (1L + 8L + Bio 302R) and MVA fungi) gave better results on the production of soybean.

Keywords

Kedelai/soybean, Glycine max L., Rhizobium, jamur MVA/ MVA fungi.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Allen ON and Allen E, 1981. The Leguminosae. The Univesity of Winconsin Press. Madison.

Ames RN, Thiagarajan TR, Ahmad MH and Me lauglin MA, 1991. Co Selection of Compatible Rhizobia and Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi for Coepea in Sterilized and Non Sterized Soils. Biol. Fertil Soils 12, 112-116.

Barea JM and Azcon-Aguilar C, 1982. Mycorrhizas and Their Significance in Nodulating, Nitrogen-Fixing Plants. Adv. Agron. 36,1-54.

Carpenter AT and Allen MF, 1988. Responses of Hedysarum boreale Nut to Mycorrhizas and Rhizobium: Plant and Soil Nutrient Changes in Disturbed Shrub-Steppe. New Phytol. 109,125-132.

Freire JRJ, 1977. Inoculation of Soybean. Dalam: Exploiting the Legume Rhizobium Symbiosis in Tropical Agriculture. JM Vincents, AS Whitney and J Bose (Eds). Coll. Trop. Agric. Misc. Publ. 145. Depart. Agron. Soil Sci. Univ. Hawaii. Him. 335-379.

Gerdermann JW, 1975. Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhizae. Dalam: The Development and Function of Root. JG Torrey and DT Clarkson (Eds.).

Menge JA, 1982. Utilization of Vesicular Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Agriculture. Can. J. Bot. 61,1015-1024.

Miller JRS, Rajapakse and Garber RK, 1986. Vesicular-Arbuscular in Vegetables Crops. Horticulture Sci. (21) 4,974-984.

Saono S, 1981. Mikrobiologi di Indonesia. Kumpulan Makalah Konggres Nasional Mikrobiologi III. Him. 348-354.

Setiadi Y, 1989. Pemanfaatan Mikroorganisme dalam Kehutanan. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Smith SE and Gianinazzi-Person V, 1988. Pysiological Interactions Between Symbiont in Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Plants. Ann. Rev. Plant Mol. Biol. 39,221-224.

Sumarno dan Hanoto, 1983. Kedelai dan Cara Bercocok Tanamnya. Bui. Tehnik. No 6. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan.

Vasuvat Y, Wadersirisak P, Noapamornbodi. O, 1990. Interaction of VAM Fungi and Rhizobium and Growth. International Congress of Soil Scinece. Kyoto, Japan.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.