TREUBIA

About The Authors

Sigit Wiantoro

Indonesia

Ibnu Maryanto

Indonesia

Journal Content


Font Size



Home Search Mail RSS


Morphological and genetic study of the masked flying fox, Pteropus personatus; with a new subspecies description from Gag Island

Sigit Wiantoro, Ibnu Maryanto

Abstract


The study on the specimens of Masked Flying Fox, Pteropus personatus from Gag and Moluccas Islands, Indonesia was conducted by using morphological and genetic analyses. Morphologically, the specimens from Gag are different from the other populations in Moluccas Islands by the smaller size of skull, dental and other external measurements. Based on the measurements of the specimens, the population from Gag Island is identified as P. personatus acityae n. subsp. The phylogenetic reconstruction based on partial cytochrome b sequences also support the differences between P. personatus acityae n. subsp and Pteropus personatus personatus. Thus, recently two subspecies of P. personatus are recognised from its distribution areas.

Keywords


flying fox; Gag Island; new subspecies; Pteropus personatus

Full Text:

PDF

References


Andersen, K. 1912. Catalogue of the Chiroptera in the collection of the British Museum. Vol 1. Megachiroptera. British Museum, London, 854 pp.

Baker, R.J. & R.D. Bradley 2006. Speciation in mammals and the genetic species concept. Journal of Mammalogy, 87: 643-662.

Bastian, S.T.Jr., K. Tanaka, R.V.P. Anunciado, N.G. Natural, A.C. Sumalde & T. Namikawa 2001. Phylogenetic relationship among Megachiropteran species from the two major islands of the Philippines, deduced from DNA sequences of the cytochrome b gene. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 79: 1671-1677.

Bradley, R.D. & R.J. Baker 2001. A test of the genetic species concept: Cytochrome-b sequences and mammals. Journal of Mammalogy, 82: 960-973.

Briolay, J., N. Galtier, R.M. Brito & Y. Bouvet 1998. Molecular phylogeny of Cyprinidae inferred from cytochrome b DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 9: 100-108.

Chasen, F.N. 1940. A handlist of Malaysian Mammals. Bulletin of the Raffles Museum, Singapore, 66 pp.

Corbet, G.B. & J.E. Hill 1992. The Mammals of the Indomalayan Region: a systematic review. Natural History Museum Publications, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 488 pp.

Di Mito, C. & B. Betschart 1998. Biomedical and life sciences. Parasitology Research, 84: 596-597.

Felsenstein, J. 1988. Phylogenies from molecular sequences: inference and reliability. Annual Review on Genetic, 22: 521-565.

Flannery, T.F. 1995. Mammals of the South-West Pacific and Moluccan Islands. Reed Books, Chatswood NSW, Australia, 464 pp.

Galtier, N., B. Nabholz, S. Glemin & G.D.D. Hurst 2009. Mitochondrial DNA as a marker of molecular diversity: a reappraisal. Molecular Ecology, 18: 4541-4550.

Gari, M.A., A.M. Abuzenadah, A.G. Chaudhary, M.H. Al-Qahtani, F.M. Al-Says & G. Dmanhouri 2006. Pilot study of DNA extraction. African Journal of Biotechnology, 5: 532-535.

Kimura, M. 1980. A simple method for estimating evolutionary rate of base substitutions through comparative studies of nucleotide sequences. Journal of Molecular Evolution, 16: 111-120.

Kimura, M. 1981. Estimation of evolutionary distances between homologous nucleotide sequences. Proceeding of National Acedemy of Sciences. USA, 78: 454-458.

Kitchener, D.J., W.C. Packer & I. Maryanto 1993. Taxonomic status of Nyctimene (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae) from the Banda, Kai, and Aru Islands, Maluku, Indonesia – implications for biogeography. Records of the Western Australian Museum, 16: 399-417.

Kumar, S., K. Tamura & M. Nei 2004. MEGA 3: Integrated Software for Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis and Sequence Alignment. Briefings in Bioinformatics, 5: 150-163.

Maryanto, I. & D.J. Kitchener 1999. Mammlas of Gag Island Papua, Indonesia. Treubia, 31: 177-218.

Palumbi, SR.., A. Martin, S. Romano, W.O. McMillan, L. Stice & G. Grabowski 1991. The Simple fools’s guide to PCR. Honolulu: Department of Zoology and Kewalo Maine Laboratory, University of Hawaii, 45 pp.

Posada, D. & K.A. Crandall 1998. Modeltest: testing the model of DNA substitution. Bioinformatics, 14: 817-818.

Saitou, N. & M. Nei 1987. The neighbor-joining method: a new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 4: 406-425.

Simmons, N.B. 2005. Order Chiroptera. In: Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press. pp. 312-529.

Suyanto, A. 2001. Kelelawar di Indonesia. Bogor: Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia. 126 pp.

Temminck, C.J. 1827 (1824)-1841. Monographies de Mammalogie, ou description de quelques genres de mammiferes, dont les espèces ont été observées dans les différens musées de l’Europe. C.C. Vander Hoek, Leiden, 392 pp.

Thompson, J.D., T.J. Gibson & F. Plewniak 1997. The Clustal X Windows Interface: Flexible Strategies for Multiple Sequence Alignment Aided by the Quality Analysis Tools. Nucleic Acids Research, 24: 4876-4882.

van Strien, N.J. 1986. Abbreviated checklist of the mammals of the Australian Archipelago. School of Environmental Conservation Management, Bogor, 91 pp.

Verstappen, H.T. 1975. On palaeoclimates and landform development in Malesia. In: Bartstra, G.J. & W.A. Casparie (eds.). Modern Quarternary Research in Southeast Asia. Rotterdam. pp. 3-36.

White, P.S. & L.D. Densmore 1992. Mitochondrial DNA isolation. In: Hoelzel, A.R. (ed). Molecular genetic analysis of population. IRL Press, Oxford, pp. 29-58.

Whitmore, T.C. 1987. Biogeographical evolution of the Malay Archipelago. Clarendon Press Oxford, 160 pp.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14203/treubia.v43i0.2970

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.