FLORISTIC COMPOSITION AND STRUCTURE OF SUBALPINE SUMMIT HABITATS ON MT. GEDE-PANGRANGO COMPLEX, CIBODAS BIOSPHERE RESERVE, WEST JAVA, INDONESIA

Asep Sadili, Kuswata Kartawinata, Abdulrokhman Kartonegoro, Herwarsono Soedjito, Alex Sumadijaya
| Abstract views: 417 | PDF views: 270

Abstract

SADILI, A., KARTAWINATA, K., KARTONEGORO, A., SOEDJITO, H. & SUMADIJAYA, A. 2009. Structure and composition of subalpine summit habitats on Mt. Gede-Pangrango complex, Cibodas Biosphere Reserve, West Java, Indonesia. Reinwardtia  12 (5): 391–404.  We undertook a phytosociological analysis of the subalpine herbaceous and shrubby vegetation at the Mandalawangi and Suryakencana meadows and the scrub at the Crater Side at the tops of Mt. Gede and Mt. Pangrango in the Cibodas Biosphere Reserve. We recorded 30 species of 18 families of saplings, shrubs, seedlings and herbs in 78 quadrats with a total area of 7,800 m2. Anaphalis javanica, a woody tall herb and long-lived pioneer was the dominant species in the sapling and shrub stratum, while Isachne pangerangensis, Tripogon exiguus and Carex verticillata were prevalent in the seedling and herb stratum at Mandalawangi and Suryakencana. Stunted shrub is Vaccinium varingaeifolium, dominant in the Crater Side scrub. Based on the importance values, the Mandalawangi meadow may be designated as the Anaphalis javanica-Isachne pangerangensis community type, the Suryakencana meadow as Anaphalis javanica-Tripogon exiguus community type and the Crater Side scrub as Vaccinium varingiaefolium-Seliguea feei community type. The similarity indices between Mandalawangi and Suryakencana community types were very high (>75 %) while those between the Crater Side and Mandalawangi and the Crater Side and Suryakencana were very low (<10 %). Poor soil conditions and fire seem responsible for the perpetual existence of A. javanica.

Keywords

Structure and composition, subalpine meadows, Anaphalis javanica, top of Mt Gede-Pangrango

Full Text:

PDF

References

ABDULHADI, R., SRIJANTO, A. & KARTAWINATA, K. 1998. Composition, structure, and changes in a montane rain forest at the Cibodas Biosphere Reserve, West Java, Indonesia. :601-612. In DALLMEIER, F. & COMISKEY, J.A. (Eds.). Forest Biodiversity Research, Monitoring and Modeling. Conceptual Background and Old World Case Studies. Man and the Biosphere Series, vol. 20. The Parthenon Publishing Group, New York.

BACKER, C.A. & BAKHUIZEN VAN DEN BRINK, JR., R.C. 1963–1968. Flora of Java. Wolters-Noordhoff, Groningen. BALAI TNGGP. 2007. Laporan Kegiatan Pemantauan Potensi dan Dinamika Bunga Edelweis Di Taman Nasional Gunung Gede Pangrango Cibodas-Cianjur. Balai Taman Nasional Gunung Gede-Pangrango, Cibodas, Cianjur.

BLUME, C.L. 1825. Over de gesteldheid van het gebergte Gede. Verh. Bat. Gen. K. W. 10: 57 (In DOCTERS VAN LEEUWEN, W.M., 1933)

DOCTERS VAN LEEUWEN, W.M. 1930a. Beitrage zur kenntnis der Gipfelvegetation der in MiittelJava gelegen Vulkane Sumbing und Sindoro. Bull. Jard. Bot. Btzg. III, 11: 28–56.

DOCTERS VAN LEEUWEN, W.M. 1930b. De kráter tegal Primula van den Goenoeng Ipis (Bij de Papandajan). Trop. Nat. 19: 121–123.

DOCTERS VAN LEEUWEN, W.M. 1933. Biology of plants and animals occuring in the higher parts of Mount Pangrango-Gedeh in West-Java. Verh. Kon. Ak. Wet. A’dam. (Ned.) (Sec. 2) 31: 1–288.

FAO, 1978. Proposed Gn. Gede-Pangrango National Park, Management Plan, 1979-1983. Field Report of UNDP/ FAO. Nature Conservation and Wildlife Management Project, INS/73/013. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Bogor.

HASSKARL, J.K. 1840. Uitbarsting van den berg Gedeh, geduurende de maanden November en December 1840. Tijdschr. Ned. Ind. 4: 241 (In DOCTERS VAN LEEUWEN, W.M., 1933)

HELMI, N., KARTAWINATA, K. & SAMSOEDIN, I. (In preparation). Struktur dan komposisi hutan pamah di Bodogol, Taman Nasional Gunung Gede-Pangrango (Cagar Biosfer Cibodas), Jawa Barat (Structure and species composition of a lowland forest at Bodogol, Mount Gede-Pangrango National Park (Cibodas Biosphere Reserve), West Java).

HOPE, G.S. 1976. Vegetation. :112–172. In HOPE, G.S., PETERSON, J.A., ALLISON, I. & RADOK, U. (Eds.). The equatorial glaciers of New Guinea. Balkema, Rotterdam.

JOHNS, R.J., SHEA, G.A. & PURADYATMIKA, P. 2007. Subalpine and Alpine vegetation of Papua. :1024-1053. In MARSHALL, A.J. & BEEHLER B.M. (Eds). The Ecology of Papua part two. Periplus, Hongkong.

JUNGHUHN, F.W. 1845. Topographische und naturwissenschaftliche reisen durch Java (In VAN STEENIS et al. , 1972, 2006)

KOORDERS, S.H. 1918-1923. Flora von Tjibodas, 3 vols. Batavia

KORTHALS, P.W.1848. Warnemingen aangaarde den berg Gede op Java. Ned. Kruidk. Archief 1: 1848: 117 (In DOCTERS VAN LEEUWEN, W.M. 1933).

KRAMER, F. 1926. Onderzoek naar de natuurlijke verjonging in den uitkap in Preanger gebergte-bosch. Med. Proefst. Bos. 14: 1–182

KRAMER, F. 1933. De natuurlijke verjongingin het Goenoeng Gedeh complex. Tectona 26: 156–185.

LAM, H.J. 1925. Een bestijging van den G. Tjareme. Trop. Nat. 14: 2–10.

LMG (LEMBAGA METEOROLOGI DAN GEOFISIKA), 1969. Tjurah hudjan rata2 di Djawa dan Madura (Mean rainfall in Java and Madura), Periode 1931–1960. Meteorological Note No. 8 Part 1. Lembaga Meteorologi dan Geofisika, Djakarta.

MEIJER, W. 1959. Plant sociological analysis of montane rain forest near Tjibodas, West Java. Act. Bot. Neerl. 8: 277–291.

MUELLER-DOMBOIS, D. & ELLENBERG, H. 1972. Aims and methods of vegetation ecology. John Wiley & Sons, New York.

REINWARDT, C. G. C. C. 1823. Over de hoogte en verdere natuurlijke gesteldheid eenige bergen in de Preanger Egentschappen. Verh. Bat. Gen. 9: 3. (In DOCTERS VAN LEEUWEN, W.M. 1933)

RUSTIAMI, H. 2004. Cagar Biosfer Cibodas. :11–34. In H. SOEDJITO (Ed.). Panduan cagar biosfer di Indonesia. Panitia Nasional MAB Indonesia, Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia, Jakarta.

SCHMIDT, F.H. & FERGUSON, J.H. 1951. Rainfall types based on wet and dry period ratios for Indonesia with Western New Guinea. Verhandelingen Djawatan Meteorologi dan Geofisika, Djakarta 42.

SEIFRIZ, W. 1923. The altitudinal distribution of plants on Mt. Gedeh, West Java. Bull. Tor. Bot. Cl. 50: 283–306.

SRIJANTO, A. 1987. Pengaruh rumpang terhadap permudaan alam dan struktur tegakan di hutan hujan tropika pegunungan. M.Sc. Thesis, Fakultas Pasca Sarjana, IPB, Bogor.

SUMADIJAYA, A. & VELDKAMP, J. F. 2009. Vulpia (Gramineae) in Malesia. Reinwardtia 12(5): 343–345.

SUNARNO, B & RUGAYAH, 1992. Flora Taman Nasional Gede Pangrango. Herbarium Bogoriense, Puslitbang Biologi – LIPI, Bogor.

TEYSMANN, J.E. 1842. Kritische aantekeningen op de bijdragen van Doctor JUNGHUHN, tot de geschiedenis der vulkaanen in den Ned. Archipel. Tijdschr. Ned. Ind. 5: 487 (in DOCTERS VAN LEEUWEN, W.M.,1933).

UNESCO, MAB Indonesia & LBN. 1975. Regional Postgraduate Training Course on Methods in Tropical Vegetation Analysis, Bogor, Indonesia, 1–30 September 1975.

UNESCO Regional Office for Science and Technology for Southeast Asia, Indonesian National Committee for MAB Programme and Lembaga Biologi Nasional-LIPI, Bogor.

VAN DER PIJL, I. 1938. The re-establishment of vegetation on Mt. Goentoer (Java). Ann. Jard. Bot. Btzg. 48: 129–152.

VAN STEENIS, C.G.G.J. 1930. Eeenige belangrijke plantengeographische vondsten op den Papandayan. Trop. Nat. 19: 73–91.

VAN STEENIS, C.G.G.J.. 1932. Eeenige belangrijke plantengeographische vondsten op den Papandayan. II. Trop. Nat. 21: 101–108.

VAN.STEENIS, C.G.G.J. 1935. Eeenige biologische waarnemingen op den Papandajan. Trop. Nat. 24: 141–147.

VAN STEENIS, C.G.G.J., HAMZAH, A. & TOHA, M. 1972. The Mountain Flora of Java. E.J. Brill, Leiden.

VAN STEENIS, C.G.G.J., HAMZAH, A. & TOHA, M. 2006. Flora Pegunungan Jawa. Pusat Penelitian Biologi – LIPI, Bogor.

VAN STEENIS, C.G.G.J. & VAN STEENISKRUSEMAN, M,J. 1953. A brief sketch of the Tjibodas Mountain Garden. Fl. Mal. Bull. 10: 312–351

WENT, F. W. 1940. Soziologie der Epiphyrten eines tropischen Urwaldes. Ann. Jard. Bot.Btzg. 50: 1–17.

WILJES-HISSINK, E.A. 1953. Twee excursiesnaar de Tangkuban Prahu. Trop. Nat.32:115–119.

YAMADA, 1. 1975. Forest ecological studies of the montane forest of Mt. Pangrango, West Java. I. Stratification and floristic composition of the montane rain forest near Cibodas. The Southeast Asian Studies 13: 402–426.

YAMADA, I. 1976a. Forest ecological studies ofthe montane forest of Mt. Pangrango, West Java. II. Stratification and floristic composition of the forest vegetation of the higher part of Mt. Pangrango. The Southeast Asian Studies 13: 513–534.

YAMADA, L. 1976b. Forest ecological studies of the montane forest of Mt. Pangrango, West Java. III. Litter fall of the tropical montane forest near Cibodas. The Southeast Asian Studies 14: 194–229.

YAMADA, I. 1977. Forest ecological studies of the montane forest of Mt. Pangrango, West Java. IV. Floristic along the altitude. The Southeast Asian Studies 15: 226–254.

Copyright (c)

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.