PHYLOGEOGRAPHIC STRUCTURE OF THE COMMERCIALLY IMPOR- TANT TROPICAL TREE SPECIES, DRYOBALANOPS AROMATICA GAERTN. F. (DIPTEROCARPACEAE) REVEALED BY MICROSATELLITE MARKERS

Fifi Gus Dwiyanti, Koichi Kamiya, Ko Harada
| Abstract views: 483 | PDF views: 332

Abstract

DWIYANTI, F.G., KAMIYA, K. & HARADA, K. 2014. Phylogeographic structure of the commercially important tropical tree species Dryobalanops aromatica Gaertn. F. (Dipterocarpaceae) revealed by microsatellite markers. Reinwardtia 14(1): 43 – 51. ? Dryobalanops aromatica Gaertn. F. (Kapur) is an economically important timber species in Southeast Asia that can serve as a good model for studying the impact of the Pleistocene glaciations on the genetic diversity and distribution of species in tropical regions. Seven polymorphic microsatellite markers were analyzed in five natural populations of D. aromatica (N = 120 individuals): Gunung Panti in Malay Peninsula, Lingga Island in Lingga Archipelago, Lambir Hills National Park, Limbang and Similajau National Park in Borneo. The level of gene diversity (HE) for the five populations was relatively high with a range from 0.571 (Similajau) to 0.729 (Gunung Panti). The high genetic diversity in the present study could be attributed to the larger refugia population sizes of D. aromatica than that of other species. The population genetic structure revealed two distinct groups: the Malay Peninsula-Lingga Archipelago and Borneo. This pattern suggests that populations in each geographical area might be the consequence of post-glacial expansion from one or two refugia, but that gene flow between different glacial refugia was fairly restricted.

Keywords

Dryobalanops aromatica, microsatellite, phylogeography, genetic diversity, genetic structure.

Full Text:

PDF

References

ASHTON, P. S. 1964. Ecological studies in the mixed dipterocarp forest of Brunei State. Oxford Forestry Memoirs, 25. 75 p. ASHTON, P. S. 1968. Manual of the dipterocarp trees of Brunei State and of Sarawak. Borneo Literature Bureau, Sarawak Forest Department. 242 p.

ASHTON, P. S. 1982. Dipterocarpaceae. In: VAN STEENIS, C. G. C. J. (Ed.) Flora Malesiana, Ser. 1,9: 237-552. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, the Netherlands. ASHTON, P. S. 2004. Dipterocarpaceae. In: SOEPADMO, E., SAW, L. G. & CHUNG, R. C. K.(Eds.) Tree flora of Sabah and Sarawak, vol 5. Forest Research Institute, Malaysia. 388 p.

BIRD, M. I., TAYLOR, D. & HUNT, C. 2005. Environments of insular Southeast Asia during the last glacial period: a savanna corridor in Sundaland?.Quaternary Science Reviews 24: 2228-2242.

CHUA, L. S. L, SUHAIDA, M, HAMIDAH, M. & SAW, L. G. 2010. Malaysia plant red list: Peninsular Malaysian Dipterocarpaceae. Research pamphlet no. 129. 210 p.

COMES, H. P. & KADEREIT, J. W. 1998. The effect of Quartenary climatic changes on plant distribution and evolution. Trends in Plant Science 3: 432- 438.

CRUZAN, M. B. & TEMPLETON, A. R. 2000. Paleoecology and coalescence: phylogeographic analysis of hypotheses from the fossil record. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15: 491- 496.

DOYLE, J. J. & DOYLE, J. L. 1990. Isolation of plant DNA from fresh tissue. Focus 12: 13—15. EARL, D. A. & von HOLDT, B. M. 2012. Structure Harvester: A website and program for visualizing structure output and implementing the Evanno method. Conservation Genetics Resources 4(2): 359-361.

EMERSON, B. C. & HEWITT, G. M. 2005. Phylogeography. Current Biology 15: 368-371. EVANNO, G., REGNAUT, S. & GOUDET, J. 2005. Detecting the number of clusters of individuals using the software STRUCTURE: a simulation study. Molecular Ecology 14: 2611-2620.

EXCOFFIER, L. & LISCHER, H. E. L. 2010. Arlequin suite ver. 3.5: A new series of programs to perform population genetics analyses under Linux and Windows. Molecular Ecology Resources 10: 564-567.

FINGER. A., KETTLE, C. J., KAISER-BUNBURY, C.N.. VALENTIN, T., MOUGAL, J. & GHAZOUL,J. 2012. Forest fragmentation genetics in a formerly widespread island endemic tree: Vateriopsis seychellarum (Dipterocarpaceae). MolecularEcology 21(10): 2369-2382.

HAFFER, J. & PRANCE, G. 2001. Climatic forcing of evolution in Amazonia during the Cenozoic: on the refuge theory of biotic differentiation. Amazoniana 16: 579-607.

HARATA, T., NANAMI, S., YAMAKURA, T, MATSUYAMA, S., CHONG, L., DIWAY, B. M., TAN, S. & ITOH, A. 2012. Fine-scale spatial genetic structure of ten Dipterocarp tree species in a Bornean Rainforest. Biotropica 44(5): 586-594.

HEWITT, G. M. 2000. The genetic legacy of the Quaternary ice ages. Nature 405: 909-913. HEWITT, G. M. 2004. Genetic consequences of climatic oscillations in the Quartenary. Philosophical Transactions of 'the Royal Society B 359: 183-195.

IWANAGA, H., TESHTMA, K. M., KHATAB, I. A., INOMATA, N., FINKELDEY, R, SIREGAR, I. Z. SIREGAR, U. J. & SZMIDT, A. E. 2012. Population structure and demographic history of a tropical lowland rainforest tree species Shorea parvifolia (Dipterocarpaceae) from Southeastern Asia.Ecology and Evolution 2: 1663-1675.

JEFFREYS, A. J., WILSON, V. & THEIN, S. L. 1985. Hypervariable 'minisatellite' regions in human DNA. Nature 314: 67-13.

VAN DEN KAARS, W. A. 1991. Palynology of eastern Indonesia marine piston-cores: A late Quaternary vegetational and climatic history for Australasia. Palaeogeography. Palaeoclimatology. Palaeoecology 85: 239-302.

VAN DEN KAARS, W. A. & DAM, M. A. C. 1995. A 135,000-year record of vegetational and climatic change from the Bandung area, west-Java, Indonesia. Palaeogeography. Palaeoclimatology.Palaeoecology 117: 55-72.

KAMIYA, K., NANAMI, S., KENZO, T., YONEDA, R., DIWAY, B., CHONG, L., AZANI, M. A, MAJID, N. M., LUM, S. K. Y., WONG, K. M. & HARADA, K. 2012. Demographic history of Shorea curtisii (Dipterocarpaceae) inferred from chloroplast DNA sequence variations. Biotropica 44 (5): 577-585. KUMAR, S., TAMURA, K. & NEI, M. 2004. MEGA3: Integrated software for molecular evolutionary genetics analysis and sequence alignment. Briefings in Bioinformatics 5: 150-163.

LEE, S. L., ANG, K. C. & NORWATI, M. 2000. Genetic diversity of Dryobalanops aromatica Gaertn. F. (Dipterocarpaceae) in Peninsular Malaysia and its pertinence to genetic conservation and tree improvement. Forest Genetics 7(3): 211-219.

LEE, S. L., NG, K. K. S., SAW, L. G., LEE, C. T.,MUHAMMAD, N., TANI, N., TSUMURA, Y. & KOSKELA, J. 2006. Linking the gaps between conservation research and conservation management of rare dipterocarps: A case study of Shorea lumutensis. Biological Conservation 131(1): 72-92.

LIM, L. S., WICKNESWARI, R., LEE, S. L. &LATIFF, A. 2002. Genetic variation of Dryobalanops aromatica Gaertn. F. (Dipterocarpaceae) in Peninsular Malaysia using microsatellite DNA markers. Forest Genetics 9(2): 125-136.

MITTERMEIER, R. A., ROBLES-GIL, P., HOFFMAN, M., PILGRAM, J., BROOKS, T., MITTER- MEIER, C. G., LAMOREUX, J., da FONSECA, G.A. B., SELIGMANN, P. A. & FORD, H. 2004. Hotspots revisited: earth's biologically richest and most endangered terrestrial ecoregions. CEMEX, Mexico City, Mexico. MYERS, N., MITTERMEIER, R. A., MITTERMEIER,C. G., da FONSECA, G. A. B. & KENT, J. 2000. Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities.Nature 403: 853-858.

NANAMI, S., IKEDA, S., TANI, N., TAN, S., DIWAY, B., HARADA, K., TSUMURA, Y., ITOH,A. & YAMAKURA, T. 2007. Development of microsatellite markers for Dryobalanops aromatica(Dipterocarpaceae), a tropical emergent tree in Southeast Asia. Molecular Ecology Notes 7: 623-625.

NEI, M., TAJIMA, F. & TATENO, Y. 1983. Accuracy of genetic distances and phylogenetic trees from molecular data. Journal of Molecular Evolution 19: 153-170.

OHTANI, M., KONDO, T., TANI, N., UENO, S., LEE,L. S., NG, K. K. S., MUHAMMAD, N., FINKELDEY, R., NA'IEM, M., INDRIOKO, S,KAMIYA, K., HARADA, K., DIWAY, B., KHOO, E., KAWAMURA, K. & TSUMURA, Y. 2013.Nuclear and chloroplast DNA phylogeography reveals Pleistocene divergence and subsequent secondary contact of two genetic lineages of the tropical rainforest tree species Shorea leprosula(Dipterocarpaceae) in South-East Asia. Molecular Ecology 22(8): 2264-2279.

PAPI, R. M., SPANOS, K. A. & KYRIAKIDIS, D. A.2012. Genetic variation of Franxinus angustifolia natural populations in Greece based on nuclear and chloroplast microsatellite markers. European Journal of Forest Research 131: 1151-1161.

PEAKALL, R. & SMOUSE, P. E. 2006. GENALEX 6: genetic analysis in Excel. Population genetic software for teaching and research. Molecular Ecology Notes 6: 288-295.

PRITCHARD, J. K., STEPHEN, M., DONNELLY, P. 2000. Inference of population structure using multilocus genotype data. Genetics 155: 945-959.

RACHMAT, H. H., KAMIYA, K. & HARADA, K.2012. Genetic diversity, population structure and conservation implication of the endemic Sumatran lowland dipterocarp tree species (Shorea javanica)International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation 4(14): 573-583.

RAMIREZ-BARAHONA, S. & EGUIARTE, L. E 2013. The role of glacial cycles in promoting genetic diversity in the Neotropics: the case of cloud forests during the Last Glacial Maximum. Ecology and Evolution 3(3): 725-738.

RAYMOND, M. & ROUSSET, F. 1995. Genepop (version 1.2): population genetics software for exact tests and ecumenicism. Journal of Heredity 86: 248-249.

ROUSSET, F. 2008. Genepop'007: a complete reimple-mentation of the Genepop software for Windows and Linux. Molecular Ecology Resources 8: 103-106.

SENAKUN, C, CHANGTRAGOON, S., PRAMUAL,P. & PRATHEPHA, P. 2011. Genetic structure and diversity of Shorea obtusa (Dipterocarpaceae) inThailand. Journal of Systematics and Evolution 49 (2): 120-125.

SODHI, N. S., KOH, L. P., BROOK, B. W. & NG, P.K. L. 2004. Southeast Asian biodiversity: an impending disaster. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 19:654-660.

SOLTIS, D. E., MORRIS, J. S., MCLACHLAN, J. S.,MANOS, P. S. & SOLTIS, P. S. 2006. Comparative phylogeography of unglaciated eastern North America. Molecular Ecology 15: 4261-4293.

STEWART, J. R., LISTER, A. M., BARNES, I. & DALEN, L. 2010. Refugia revisited: individualistic responses of species in space and time. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 277: 661-671.

SYMINGTON, C. F. 2004. Foresters' manual of dipterocarps (2nd ed., revised by ASHTON, P. S. & APPANAH, S). Malayan Forest Records No. 16.Forest Research Institute Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur. 519p.

VORIS, H. K. 2000. Maps of Pleistocene sea levels in Southeast Asia: shorelines, river systems and time durations. Journal of Biogeography 27: 1153-1167.

WOOD, G. H. S. & MEIJER, W. 1964. Dipterocarps of Sabah. Sabah Forest Record No. 5. Forest Department, Sandakan. Malaysia. 344 p.

Copyright (c) 2015 Research Center for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.