Variasi Jumlah Kromosom Planlet Taraxacum officinale Weber ex FH. Wigg Hasil Regenerasi in vitro dari Eksplan Akar, Helai Daun dan Tangkai Daun

Tri Muji Ermayanti, Indah Lestari, Andi Salamah
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Abstract

Taraxacum officinale Weber ex F. H. Wigg. is a herbaceous medicinal plant species belonging family Asteracease
which has apomictic and poliploid characteristics. Multiplication of shoots using tissue culture was used to obtain
define high quality seedlings, uniform, stable or free of diseases. However, changes in chromosome number can
occur in regenerated plants. The research aim was to determine the chromosome number of T. officinale plants regenerated
from culture in vitro using explants of roots, petioles and leaf blades. Therefore, selection of regenerants
can be done in order to find out transplants which have high yield of secondary metabolites. Analysis of chromosome
number from root tips samples was conducted using 24 plantlets regenerated from root, 27 plantlets regenerated
from leaf blade, 21 plants regenerated from petiole and 102 roots of grown seeds using orcein squash method.
The results showed that germinating seeds (control) and regenerated plants had variation in chromosome number.
The range of chromosome numbers from regenerated plants were 2n=8-39, and cells with diploid number (2n = 2x
= 16) was as most observed. The range numbers in germinated seeds were 2n=10-38, and cells with triploid number
(2n = 3x = 24) was as most observed. This results proved that variation in numbers of chromosome was caused by
apomixis and poliploid characteristics of the parent plant regenerated to their regenerants.
Keywords : Taraxacum officinale. Weber ex F. H. Wigg, in vitro regeneration, variasi, chromosome

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