POPULASI POHON JENIS DIPTEROCARPACEAE DITIGA TIPE HUTAN PAMAH KALIMANTAN

Herwint Simbolon
| Abstract views: 267 | PDF views: 452

Abstract

Data of Dipterocarpaceae species have been extracted from 8 studied plots of 1-ha each, distributed in three types of natural forest in Kalimantan (those were 4 plots in mixed dipterocarps forest, 2 plots in peat swamp forest and 2 plots in heath forest types) for further population analysis. Number of Dipterocarpaceae species in mixed dipterocarps forest type was higher than of in two other forest types, however mean number of individual per species was higher in peat swamp and heath forest types than of in mixed dipterocarps forest type. Some of Dipterocarpaceae species are adapted to heath and peat swamp forest type conditions indicated by the number and distribution of population of the species in both forest types. The higher the population number of juvenile trees 5-10 cm in diameter, the lower population number of mature trees of diameter 50cm up, indicated the higher tree population the higher mortality rate. However, survivorship of tree will higher as the tree diameter higher. Survivorship of trees in mixed dipterocarp forest is higher than of in peat swamp and heath forest types.

Keywords

Populasi, Dipterocarpaceae, hutan dipterocarpa campuran, rawa gambut, kerangas, hutan pamah, Kalimantan.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Anderson JAR. 1963. The flora of peat swamp forest of Sarawak and Brunei including a catalogue of all recorded species of flowering plants, ferns and fern allies. Garden Bulletin (Singapore) 29, 131-228.

Anderson JAR. 1972. Trees of Peat Swamp Forest of Sarawak. Forest Department of Sarawak. Appanah S and JM Turnbull. 1998. A review of Dipterocarps: Taxonomy, Ecology and Silviculture. CIFOR, Bogor.

Ashton PS. 1964 A quantitative phytosociological technique applied to tropical mixed rain forest vegetation. Malayan Forester 27, 304-317

Ashton PS. 1982. Dipterocarpaceae. Flora Malesiana, Ser.I, 237-552. Campbell DG, JL Stone and A Rosas Jr. 1992. A comparison of the phytosociology and dynamics of three floodplain (Varzea) forests of known ages, Rio Jurua, western Brazilian Amazon. BotanicalJournal of Linnaian Society 108,213-237.

Cleary DFR and A Priadjati. 2005. Vegetation responses to burning in a rain forest in Borneo. Plant Ecology 177, 145-163.

Condit R, SP Hubbell, JY LaFrankie, R Sukumar, N Manokaran, RB Foster and PS Ashton. 1996. Species-area and species-individual relationships for tropical tree: a comparison of three 50-ha plots. Journal of Ecology84, 549-562.

Gentry AH. 1988. Tree species richness of upper Amazonian forests. Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences (USA) 85, 156-159.

Ho CC, DMcC Newbery and MED Poore. 1987. Forest composition and inferred dynamics in Jengka forest reserve, Malaysia. Journal of Tropical Ecology 3, 25-56.

Haraguchi A, S Shimada and H Takahashi. 2000. Distribution of peat and its chemical properties around Lahei in the catchment of the Mangkutup River, Central Kalimantan. Tropics 10, 265-272.

Jacobs M. 1987. The Tropical Rain Forest. Springer-Verlag,New York. Janzen DH. 1970. Herbivores and the number of tree species in tropical forests. American Naturalist 104, 501-528.

Kartawinata K. 1980. A note on a kerangas (heath) forest at Sebulu, East Kalimantan. Reinwardtia 9(4), 429-447.

Kartawinata K, Purwaningsih, T Partomihardjo, R Yusuf, R Abdulhadi and S Riswan. 2008. Floristic and structure of lowland Dipterocarp forest at Wanariset Samboja, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Reinwardtia 12(4), 301-323.

Keel SHK and GT Pranc. 1979. Studies of the vegetation of a white-sand black-water igapo (Rio Negro, Brazil) ActaAmazonica 9, 645-655.

Lieberman D, M Lieberman, R Peralta and GS Hartshorn. 1996. Tropical forest structure and composition on a large-scale altitudinal gradient in Costa Rica. Journal of Ecology 84,137-152.

Manokaran N and KM Kochumen. 1987. Recruitment, growth and mortality of tree species in a lowland dipterocarp forest in Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Tropical Ecology 3, 315-330.

Manokaran N and JV La Frankie Jr. 1990. Stand structure of Pasoh forest reserve, a lowland rain forest in peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 3,14—24

Miyamoto K, E Suzuki, T Kohyama, T Seino, E Mirmanto and H Simbolon. 2003. Habitat differentiation among tree species with small-scale variation of humus depth and topography in a tropical heath forest of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Journal of Tropical Ecology 19,1-13.

Nadkarni NM, TJ Matelson and WA Haber. 1995. Structural characteristics and floristic composition of a neotropical cloud forest, Monteverde, Costa Rica. Journal of Tropical Ecology 11,481-495.

Nishimura TB and E Suzuki. 2001. Allometric differentiation among tropical tree seedlings in heath and peatswamp forests. Journal of Tropical Ecology 17,667-681. Nishimura TB, E Suzuki, T Kohyama and S Tsuyuzaki, 2007.

Mortality and growth of trees in peat-swamp and heath forests in Central Kalimantan after severe drought. Plant Ecol 188,165-177.

Paijmans K. 1970. An analysis of four tropical rain forest sites in New Guinea. Journal of Ecology 58,77-101.

Parthasarathy N and R Karthikeyan. 1997. Plant biodiversity inventory and conservation of two tropical dry evergreen forests on the Coromandel coast, south India. Biodiversity and Conservation 6,1063-1083.

Pascal JP and R Pelissier. 1996. Structure and floristic composition of a tropical evergreen forest in southwest India. Journal of Tropical Ecology 12, 191-214

Philips VD. 1998. Peatswamp ecology and sustainable development Borneo. Biodiversity and Conservation 7,651-671.

Poore MED. 1968. Studies in Malaysian rainforest I. The forest on triassic sediments in Jengka Forest Reserve. Journal of Ecology 56,143-196.

Richards PW. 1952. The Tropical Rain Forest. Cambridge University Press, London.

Riera B. 1995. Role des perturbations actuelles et passees dans la dynamique et la mosaique forestiere. Revue d'Ecologie (Terre Vie) 50, 209-222.

Riswan S. 1987. Kerangas forest at Gunung Pasir, Samboja, East Kalimantan. In: Proceedings of the Third International Round Table on Dipterocarps, 471- 494. AJGH Kostermans (Ed.), UNESCO, Jakarta.

Sheil D, DFRP Burslem and D Alder. 1995. The interpretation and misinterpretation of mortality rate measures. Journal of Ecology 83,331-333.

Simbolon H and E Mirmanto. 2000. Check list of plant species in the peat swamp forests of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Tropical Peat Lands,n9-90. GSEES-Hokkaido University and RCB-Indonesian Institute of Sciences.

Simbolon H. 2002. Impact of the drought due to El Nino 1997-1998 cycle on the growth of abundant tree species grown in peat swamp and heath forests of Central Kalimantan. In.: Proceeedings of the International Symposium on Tropical Peatland - Land Management and Biodiversity in South East Asia, 575-581. M Osaki etal, 2003 (Eds.), Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia, 19-21 September 2002.

Simbolon H, E Suzuki and T Kohyama. 2002. Dipterocarpaceae in Gunung Berui in West Kalimantan, Indonesia: recruitment, mortality and growth. In: To the Interoperable "Catalog of Life " with Partners-Species 2000 Asia Oceania, 195-201 J Shimura, KL Wilson and D Gordon (Eds.). Research Report from the National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan.

Simbolon H. 2003. Early Process of Recovery of Peat Swam Forest at Kelampangan-Central Kalimantan after Forest Fires December 1997 and September 2002. Berita Biologi 7(3), 145-154.

Simbolon H, M Siregar, S Wakiyama, N Sukigara, Y Abe and H Shimizu. 2005. Impacts of forest fires on tree diversity in tropical rain forest of East Kalimantan. Phyton 45(4), 551-559.

Suzuki E, M Yoneda, H Simbolon, A Muhidin and S Wakiyama. 1997. Establishment of two permanent plots in Gunung Halimun National Park for study of vegetation structure and forest dynamics. In.: Biodiversity Research and Conservation in Gunung Halimun National Park, 36-55. M Yoneda, H Simbolon and J Soegarjito (Eds.). LIPI-PHPA-JICABogor.

Swaine MD, JB Hall and IJ Alexander. 1987. Tree population dynamics at Kade, Ghana (1968-1982). Journal of Tropical Ecology 3, 331-345

Swamy PS, SM Sundarapandian, P Chandrasekar and S Chandrasekaran. 2000. Plant species diversity and tree population structure of a humid tropical forest in Tamil Nadu, India, Biodiversity and Conservation, 1643-1669.

van Nieuwstadt MGL and D Sheil D. 2005. Drought, fire and tree survival in a Borneo rain forest, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Journal ofEcology 93,191— 201.

Whitmore TC. 1984. Tropical Rainforests of the Far East. 2nd edn. Clarendon Press, Oxford, UK.

Wilkie P, G Argent, E Campbell and A Saridan. 2004. The diversity of 15 ha of lowland mixed dipterocarp forest, Central Kalimantan. Biodiversity and Conservation 13, 695-708.

Wood GHS and W Meijer. 1964. Dipterocarps of Sabah (N. Borneo). Sabah Forest Records No. 5. Forestry Department, Samarinda, Indonesia. Yamada 1.1995. Tropical Rain Forest of Southeast Asia, A Forest Ecologist 's View. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu.

Yamada T and E Suzuki. 1996. Ontogenic change in leaf shape and crown form of a tropical tree, Scaphium macropodum (Sterculiaceae) in Borneo. J. Plant Res. 109,211-217.

Yamada T and E Suzuki. 1997. Change in spatial distribution during life history of a tropical tree, Scaphium macropodum (Sterculiaceae) in Borneo. J. Plant Res. 110,179-186.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.