KOMPOSISI JENIS DAN CADANGAN KARBON DI HUTAN TROPIS DATARAN RENDAH, ULU GADUT, SUMATERA BARAT

Adi Bejo Suwardi, Erizal Mukhtar, Syamsuardi Syamsuardi
| Abstract views: 1460 | PDF views: 4825

Abstract

Tropical lowland forest is one type of forest ecosystem that dominated most of Sumatra areal and retained carbon terrestrial within.Tropical lowland forest has the highest risk of damage than other forest types. The aimed of study is to determine species composition and carbon stock in tropical lowland forest, Ulu Gadut, West Sumatra. This study was conducted on June to October 2012 at 1 ha Pinang-Pinang permanent plot. Tree biomass was measured by using the non destructive sampling method. All trees with stem diameter at breast height (dbh) = 8 cm were measured diameter and were recorded the species of trees.As much as 852 individuals of trees, which were consisting of 45 families and 155 species with DBH = 8 cm were found in Pinang-Pinang permanent plot. Nephelium juglandifolium Blume, Swintonia schwenckii (T. & B.) Kurz,Syzygium sp.,Microcos florida (Miq.) Burret, Palaquium sp.,Cleistanthus glandulosus Jabl., Hopea dryobalanoides Miq., Mastixia trichotoma Blume, Calophyllum soulattri Burm. f. and Shorea maxiwelliana King were dominant based on -1 -1 Importance Value Index(IVI). Trees biomass and carbon stock in the study site are around 482.75 ton ha and 241.38 ton C ha respectively.

Keywords

Biomass, carbon stock, Pinang-Pinang forest, species composition

Full Text:

PDF

References

Bismark M, NM Heriyanto dan S Iskandar. 2008a. Biomasa dan kandungan karbon pada hutan produksi di cagar biosfer Pulau Siberut, Sumatera Barat. Jurnal Penelitian Hutan dan Konservasi Alam 5 (5), 397-407.

Bismark M, E Subiandono dan NM Heriyanto. 2008b. Keragaman dan potensi jenis serta kandungan karbon hutan mangrove di Sungai Sibelen Siberut, Sumatera Barat. Jurnal Penelitian Hutan dan Konservasi Alam 5 (3), 297-306.

Budiharta S. 2010. Floristic composition at biodiversity protection area in Lubuk Kakap, district of Ketapang, West Kalimantan. Biodiversitas 11 (3), 151-156.

Chazdon RL and FG Coe. 1999. Ethnobotany of woody species in second growth, old growth, and selectively logged forest of Noortheastern Costa Rica. Conserv. Biol 13, 1312-1322.

Denman KL, G Brasseur, A Chidthaisong, P Ciais, PM. Cox, RE. Dickinson, D Hauglustaine, C Heinze, E Holland,D Jacob, U Lohmann, S Ramachandran, PL da Silva Dias, SC Wofsy and X Zhang. 2007. Couplings Between Changes in the Climate System and Biogeochemistry. In: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. S Solomon, D Qin, M Manning, Z Chen, M Marquis, KB Averyt, M Tignor and HL Miller (eds.). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.

Departemen Kehutanan. 2008. Eksekutif data strategis kehutanan 2008. Departemen Kehutanan. Jakarta.

Fearnside PM and WM Guimares. 1996. Carbon uptake by secondary forest in Brazilian Amazonia. For. Ecol. Management 80, 35-46. FWI/GFW. 2001. Keadaan hutan Indonesia. Forest Watch Indonesia dan Washington D.C. Global Forest Watch. Bogor, Indonesia.

Hadi S, T Ziegler, M Waltert and JK Hodges. 2009. Tree diversity and forest structure in Northern Siberut, Mentawai Islands, Indonesia. Tropical Ecology 50 (2),315-327.

Hairiah K dan S Rahayu. 2007. Pengukuran ”Karbon Tersimpan” Di Berbagai Macam Penggunaan Lahan. World Agroforestry Centre, Bogor. Indrarto GB, P Murharjanti, J Khatarina, I Pulungan, F Ivalerina, J Rahman, MN Prana, IAP Resosudarmo and E Muharron. 2012. The context of REDD+ in Indonesia: Drivers, agents and institutions. Working Paper 92. CIFOR, Bogor, Indonesia.

Kartawinata K, T Partomihardjo, R Yusuf, R Abdulhadi and S Riswan. 2008. Floristic and Structure of Lowland Dipterocarp Forest at Wanariset Samboja, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Reindwartia. 12 (4), 301-323

Kun Y and G Dongsheng. 2008. Change in forest biomass and carbon stock in the Pearl River Delta between 1989 and 2003. Journal of Environmental Science 20, 1439-1444.

Laumonier Y. 1997. The Vegetation and Physiography of Sumatra. Editor MJA Werger. Kluwer Academic Publisher. Netherland.

Ludang Y and HP Jaya. 2007. Biomass and carbon content in tropical forest of Central Kalimantan. Journal of Applied Sciences in Environmental Sanitation 2 (1), 7-12.

Miettinen J, Chenghuashin and SC Liew. 2011. Deforestation rates in insular Southeast Asia between 2000 and 2010. Global Change Biology 17, 2261-2270.

Muhdin, E Suhendang, D Wahjono, H Purnomo, Istomo dan BCH Simangunsong. 2008. Keragaman struktur hutan alam sekunder. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika 14 (2), 81-87.

Murdiyarso D, U Rosalina, K Hairiah, L Muslihat, INN Suryadiputra dan A Jaya. 2004. Petunjuk Lapangan Pendugaan Cadangan Karbon pada Lahan Gambut. Proyek CCFPI, WI-IP dan Wildlife Habitat Canada, Bogor.

Onrizal, C Kusmana, BH Saharjo, Handayani dan T Kato. 2005. Analisis vegetasi hutan hujan tropika dataran rendah sekunder di Taman Nasional Danau Sentarum, Kalimantan Barat. Biologi 4 (6), 359-371

Purwaningsih. 2009. Analisa hutan riparian dataran rendah di Tepi Sungai Nggeng, Taman Nasional Kayan Mentarang, Kalimantan Timur. Berita Biologi 9 (5), 547-559

Rochmayanto Y, D Darusman dan T Rusolono. 2010. Perubahan stok karbon dan nilai ekonominya pada konversi hutan rawa gambut menjadi hutan tanaman industri pulp. Jurnal Penelitian Hutan Tanaman 7 (2), 93-106

Samsoedin I. 2006. Dinamika luas bidang dasar pada hutan bekas tebangan di Kalimantan Timur. Jurnal Penelitian Hutan dan Konservasi Alam 3 (3), 271-280.

Schulze ED, E Beck and KM Hoheinstein. 2005. Plant Ecology. Springer-Verlag Berlin, Germany. Spies TA. 1998. Forest structure: A key to the ecosystem. Northwest Science 72 (2), 34-39.

Sujarwo W dan IDP Darma. 2011. Analisis vegetasi dan pendugaan karbon tersimpan pada pohon di kawasan sekitar gunung dan danau Batur Kintamani Bali. Jurnal Bumi Lestari 11 (1), 85-92.

Tresnawan H dan U Rosalina. 2002. Pendugaan biomasa di atas tanah di ekosistem hutan primer dan hutan bekas tebangan: Studi kasus hutan dusun Aro, Jambi. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika 8 (1), 15-29.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.