BIOLEACHING UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PRODUKTIVITAS LAHAN SULFAT MASAM AKTUAL UNTUK TANAMAN PADI

Eni Maftu’ah, Ani Susilawati
| Abstract views: 176 | PDF views: 114

Abstract

Technology of microbial utilization to accelerate the oxidation of pyrite followed by leaching (bioleaching) has the potential to resolve problems in land management of actual acid sulphate soil. The research aims to obtain a bioleaching technology package that can improve the productivity of the actual acid sulfate soil. The experiment was conducted on tidal swamp land that has soil type of actual acid sulfate at Wana Raya sub-district, district Batola, South Kalimantan, in July - November, 2014. The study was designed by using strip plot with three replications. The treatment consisted of two factors, namely application of an oxidizing microbial pyrite and leaching amount (intensity). The main plot consisted of (P0) without leacing (naturally), (P1) six times leaching , (P2) eight times leaching, and (P3) 12 times leaching. Subplot consisted of (M0) without oxidizing microbial pyrite, (M1) with oxidizing microbial plant used in this study is Inpara 3 of rice variety. Observations were made on soil pH, oxidizing bacteria pyrite, growth of rice plants (plant height and number of tillers) and rice yield. The results showed that the main problem of actual acid sulfate land studied is a high soil acidity (pH of 3.44). Influ-ence of leaching was greater than microbial application on crop yields. Application of the pyrite oxidizing bacterial and leaching eight times gave the best influence on the growth and yield of rice plants.

Keywords

leaching, land productivity, the actual acid sulfate, rice plants

Full Text:

PDF

References

Alwi, M., 2011. Inaktivasi pirit dan jarosit terlapuk melalui pelindian dan penggunaan biofilter di tanah sulfat masam. Disertasi. Sekolah Pascasarjana. IPB. Bogor.

Achmadi, J, Indrayati, L. dan Hairani, A. 2007. Pemanfaatan biofilter untuk memperbaiki Kualitas Air di Lahan Sulfat Masam Potensial Tipe Luapan B. 1-11. Dalam: A Markus, BH Prasetyo, Irawan, E Surmaini, Wahyunto, dan E Husen (Ed.) 2009. Prosiding Seminar Nasional dan Dialog Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian. Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian.

Balittra, 2013. Penelitian Pemulihan Lahan Pasang Surut Bongkor Melalui Pemanfaatan Mikroba Tahan Masam dan Bahan Organik. Laporan Hasil Penelitian. 1–57. Litbang Pertanian. Banjarbaru.

Beek, K.J., Blokhois, W.A., Driessen, P.M., Breemen, N.V. and Pons, L.J., 1980. Problem Soils: Reclamation and Management. In: Land Reclamation and Water Management. ILRI Publ. 27. Wageningen. The Netherland. pp. 43–72.

Bosch, H.V., Ho Long Phi, Michaelsem and Nugoho, K., 1998. Evaluation of water management strategies for sustainable land use of aid sulphate soils in coastal low lands in the tropics. Report 157. DLO-Starting Centrum, Wageningen. The Netherlands. p. 177.

Bosecker, K., 1997. Bioleaching:metal solubilization by microorganisms. FEMS. Microbiology Reviews, 20, pp. 591–604.

Boul, S.W., Hole, F.D. and Mc Craken, R.J., 1980. Soil Genenis and Classification. The Iowa State University Press. p. 404

Boyd, C.E., 1982. Water Quality Management for Fish Pond Culture. Elsevier Sci. Publication Co. Amsterdam. p. 318.

Dent, D., 1986. Acid Sulphate Soils: A Baseline for Research and Development. ILRI Publ. No. 39 Wageningen. p. 204.

Handayani, S., 1997. The immobilization of soluble metals by bacterial walls. Medical Journal of Indonesia, 3(I), pp. 31–36.

Haris, A, Ciptodi, B. dan Erskini., 1994. Bioleaching: Kajian aspek teknik, teknologis dan prospek pengembangannya Majalah BPPT. LX, pp. 94–106.

Hennebert, 1995. Soil properties and rice yield in Higland Marshes of Burundi. African Crop Science Journal, 3 (4), pp. 457–467.

Holt, J.G., Krieg, N.R., Sneath, P.H.A., Staley, J.T. and Williams, S.T., 1994. Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology. Ninth Edition. Lippineoth Williams & Wilkins. USA. ISBN 0-683-00603-7.787.

Khairulah, I., 2007. Keunggulan dan Kekurangan Varietas Lokal Padi Pasang Surut Ditinjau dari Aspek Budidaya dan Genetik. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Petanian Lahan Rawa. Buku I. Kuala Kapuas, 3-4 Agustus 2007. ISBN : 978-979-8253-63-8.

Konsten, C.J.M. and Sarwani, M., 1992. Actual and potential acidity and related chemical characteristics of acid sulphate soils in Pulau Petak, Kalimantan In Workshop on Acid Sulphate Soil in the Humid Tropic. Bogor. Indonesia. pp. 51–69. 20-22 November 1992.

Langenhoff, R., 1986. Distribution, Mapping, Classification and Use of Acid Sulphate Soils in The Tropics: A Literature Study. STIBOKA, Wageningen, The Netherland. p.133.

Maas, A., 1989. Genesis, classification and Reclamation of Potential Acid Sulfate Soils in South Kalimantan, Indonesia. Dissertation. Gent. Belgium.

Mensvoort, M.E.F., 1996. Soil Knowledge for Famers, Farmer Knowledge for Soil Scientist: The Case of Soils in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Dissertation. Wageningen Agricultural University. 135 .

Moses, C.O. and Hermann, J.S., 1991. Pyrite oxidation at circumneutral pH. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 55, pp. 471–482.

Noor, M., 2004. Lahan Rawa.; Sifat dan Pengelolaan Tanah Bermasalah Sulfat Masam. PT. Raja Grafindo Persada. Jakarta, pp. 241.

Pathak, A., Dastidar, M.G. and Sreckrishnan, T.R., 2009. Bioleaching of heavy metal from sewage slude; A Reviw. Journal of Environemntal Management. 90(8), pp. 2343–2353.

Ponnamperuma, F.N., 1984. Effects of Flooding on Soils. In: T. Kozlawski (Ed.) Flooding and Plant Growth; Physical ekology. A series monographs, text and treatises. pp.10 – 45. Acaademic Press Inc. Harcourt Brace Javanovich Publisher, USA.

Ragusa, S. and Madgwick, I., 1990. Acidophilic, iron oxidizing bacteria in mineral leaching. Australian Journal of Biotechnology. 4(2), pp.109 –112.

Robertson, L.A., and Kuenen, J.G., 2005. Thiobacillus: Description and Significance. http://microbewiki.kenyon.edu./index.php/thiobacillus.(Diakses 22 Desember 2013)

Reddy, K.R. and Delaune. R.D., 2008. The Biogeochemistry of Wetland; Science and Application. CRC Press. New York.

Seiler, E., 1992. Acid sulphate soils –their formation and agricultural use. Natural & Resources & Development. 35, pp. 92–110. Inst. for Sci Co- Tubingen.

Subagyo, H. dan Widjaya-Adhi, I.P.G., 1998. Peluang dan kendala penggunaan lahan rawa untuk pengembangan pertanian di Indonesia, kasus: Sumatera Selatan dan Kalimantan Tengah. Makalah Utama Pusat Penelitian Tanah dan Agroklimat. Bogor: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian Departemen Pertanian.

Subagyono, K.H., Suwardjo, Abas, A. dan Widjaja-Adhi, I.P.G., 1994. Pengaruh pelindian, kapur dan pemupukan K terhadap sifat kimia tanah, kualitas air dan hasil padi pada lahan sulfat masam, kualitas air dan hasil padi pada lahan sulfat masam di Unit Tatas, Kalimantan Tengah. Pemberitaan Penelitian Tanah dan Pupuk, 12, pp. 35–47.

Schlegel, H.G. and Schmidt, K., 1994. Mikrobiologi Umum. Terjemahan R.M. Baskoro. Gajah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta.

Van Bremen, N., 1993. Environmental aspect of acid sulphate soil. In. Dent, D. L. and M. E.F. van mensvoor (ed.) Selected Paper of the Ho Chi Minh City Simposium on Acid Sulphate Soils. Vietnam, March 1992. pp. 391–402.

Van Mensvoort, M.E.F. and Dent, D.I., 1998. Acid Sulphate Soil. 301–337. In: Lal, R., Blum, W.H., Valentine, C. and Steward, B.A. ed. Method for Assessment of Soil Degradation. Florida. CRC Press LLC.

Widjaya-Adhi, I.P.G., Nugroho, K., Ardi D. dan Karama, A.S., 1992. Sumber Daya Lahan Rawa: Potensi, Keterbatasan dan Pemanfaatan. Dalam: Partohardjono, S. dan Syam, M. eds. 1992. Pengembangan Terpadu Pertanian Lahan Rawa Pasang Surut dan Lebak. Risalah Pertemuan Nasional Pengembangan Pertanian Lahan Pasang Surut dan Rawa, Cisarua 3-4 Maret. Bogor: Puslitbang Tanaman Pangan.

Widjaja Adhi, I.P.G., 1986. Pengelolaan Lahan Rawa Pasang Surut dan Lebak. J. Litbang Pertanian 5. Badan Litbang Pertanian. Jakarta.

Wood, D. and Rawlings. D.E., 1989. Bacterial Leaching and Biomining. In J. L. Mark. ed. A Revolution in Biotechnology. Cambridge. ISCU. New York.

Yoshida, S., 1981. Fundamentals of rice crops science. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.