KERAGAMAN JENIS DAN PREFERENSI EKOLOGI BEGONIA LIAR DI KAWASAN REMNANT FOREST KEBUN RAYA CIBODAS

Muhammad Efendi, Nur Azizah, Ateng Supriyatna, Destri Destri
| Abstract views: 392 | PDF views: 414

Abstract

Wild species of begonia existed in remnant forest of Cibodas Botanic Gardens, but their diversity, distribution and ecological preference were not much known. Data of condition and habitat characteristic of wild begonia are important in their cultivation. The aims of this study are to inventory the diversity of wild begonias and their distribution habitat preference in remnant forest of Cibodas Botanic Gardens. Sample were collected from four remnant forest using exploration method. Analysis of vegetation where wild Begonia existed was conducted using 1x1 m plot in around every individu of Begonia found. The principle component analysis (PCA) was carried out using R program version 2.11.0. The result showed that 50% of the mountain Begonia in West Java can be found in remnat forest area. The light intencity, soil humidity and air humidity were highly correlated to distribution of wild Begonia. The microclimate conditions in remnant forest area are appropriate with habitat of Begonia.

Keywords

PCA analysis, autecology, Begonia multangula, B. robusta, remnant forest

Full Text:

PDF

References

Barbour, B.M., Burk, J.K. and Pitts, W.D., 1999. Terrestrial Plant Ecology. The Benjamin/Cummings, New York.

Clarke, K.R., 1993. Non-parametric Multivariate Analysis of Changes in Community Structure. Australian Journal of Ecology, 18, pp. 117-143.

Clarke, R.K. and Ainsworth, M., 1993. A method of linking multi-variate community structure to environmental varia-bles. Marine Ecology Progress, 92, pp. 205-219.

Clarke, R.K. and Gorley, R.N., 2005. PRIMER: Plymouth Rou-tines in Multivariate Ecological Research. PRIMER-E Ltd., Plymouth.

Doorenbos, J., Sosef, M.S.M. and de Wilde, J.J.F.E., 1998. The Section of Begonia: Including Descriptions, Keys and Species List. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

Ewusie, J.Y., 1980. Pengantar Ekologi Tropika. Terjemahan. ITB-Press, Bandung.

Girmansyah, D., 2016. A new species of Begonia (Begoniaceae) from Sumbawa, Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Reinwardtia, 15 (2), pp. 115-118.

Hartutiningsih., 2012. Budidaya jenis-jenis Begonia Alam di Kebun Raya ”Eka Karya” Bali. Warta Kebun Raya, 5(1), pp. 43-48.

Hughes, M., 2008. An Annotated Checklist of Southeast Asian Begonia. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

Hughes, M. and Girmansyah, D., 2011. A Revision of Begonia Sect. Sphenanthera (Hassk.) Warb. from Sumatra. Garden’s Bulletin Singapore, 62 (2), pp. 27-39.

Kiew, R., Sang, J., Repin, R. and Ahmad, J.A., 2015. A Guide to Begonias of Borneo. Natural History Publications (Borneo). Wisma Merdeka. Kota Kinabalu, Sabah Malasya.

Kurniawan, A., Undaharta, N.K.E. dan Pendit, I.M.R., 2008. Asosiasi Jenis Pohon Dominan di Hutan Dataran Rendah Cagar Alam Tangkokan, Bitung, Sulawesi Utara. Biodiversitas, 9 (3), pp. 199-203.

Le Brocque, A.F., 1995. Ecology of Plant Communities in Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park, New South Wales: An Ex-amination of Vegetation and Environmental Patterns. Dissertation. University of Technology Sydney, Sydney.

Loewen, D.C., Allen, G.A. and Antos, J.E., 2001. Autecology of Erythronium grandiflorum in Western Canada. Canna-dian Journal of Botany, 79, pp. 500.

Mutaqien, Z. and Zuhri, M., 2011. Establishing a longterm perma-nent plot in remnant forest of Cibodas Botanic Gar-dens, West Java. Biodiversitas, 12, pp. 218-224.

Pradistoro, A., 2004. Kajian Tempat Tumbuh Alami Palahlar Gunung (Dipterocarpus retusus) di Kawasan Hutan Lindung Gunung Cakrabuana Kabupaten Sumedang Jawa Barat. Skripsi. Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Satyanti, A. and Hartutiningsih., 2012. Microclimate preference and habitat of Begonia in Bedugul, Bali. Biotropia, 19(2), pp. 80-91.

Sutarno, S., 2009. Autekologi Begonia spp. (Begoniaceae) dan manfaatnya bagi Suku Afrak di Daerah Mokwam Manokwari. Tesis. Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Tebbit, M.C., 2005. Begonias. Cultivation, Identification and History. Published In Association ith Brooklyn Botanic Garden. Timber Press, U.S.A.

Undaharta, N.K.E. dan Sutomo. 2016. Autekologi Begonia di Sebagian Kawasan Taman Nasional Gunung Berapi. Jurnal Biologi, 20 (1), pp. 29-34.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.