KARAKTERISASI GALUR HIBRIDA HASIL PERSILANGAN IKAN GURAMI (Osphronemus goramy Lac.) ASAL JAMBI, KALIMANTAN SELATAN DAN JAWA BARAT BERDASARKAN METODE TRUSS MORFOMETRIK

Suharyanto Suharyanto, Rita Febrianti, Sularto Sularto, Ade Anom Abimanyu

Abstract

Giant gouramy is a native fish to Indonesia and widely distributed in Sumatra, Kalimantan and Java. The aim of this study was to characterize the phenotype and kinship of Giant Gouramy from crosses between strains Jambi, South Kalimantan, and West Java (Tasikmalaya). This Research was conducted at the Giant gouramy Hatchery of Research Institute for Fish Breeding, Sukamandi, West Java. Analysis of morphological diversity of all crosses between varieties performed through morphometric measurements that have been determined based on a point benchmark of 16 haracteristics of the truss. Measurement data of each character crosses which have been
relativized by standard length were analyzed using discriminant analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis. The result showed that Giant gouramy has low diversity coefficient values, ranging from 4 to13%. The highest coefficient of variance (CV) was found in the character of C3 (the tip of the anal fin-base of the tail fin), which ranges from 18-33% and the lowest in the character B5 (the base of the pelvic fin-tip of the dorsal fin) in the range of 2-4%. Based on discriminant analysis, males Giant Gouramy have more character differences than females. The closest kinship relationship is in hybrid of Tasikmalaya and Jambi (TJ) strain with of South Kalimantan and Tasikmalaya ( KT) which has a similarity level at 89.41%. However, the farthest kinship is in pure line of Tasikmalaya (TT) and Jambi (JJ) with the three other strains namely South Kalimantan and Jambi (KJ), Tasikmalaya and Jambi (TJ) and South Kalimantan and Tasikmalaya (KT) with a value of similarity of 53.93%.

Keywords

Ttruss morphometric, phenotypic characterization, Giant Gouramy, strains, genetic

Full Text:

PDF

References

Asih, S., Nugroho, E. dan Mulyasari., 2002. Penentuan Variasi Genetik Ikan Batak (Tor soro) dari Sumatera Utara dengan Metode Analisis Random Amplified Polymorphism DNA (RAPD). Prosiding Simposium Nasional Pengelolaan Pemuliaan dan Plasma Nutfah. Balai Riset Perikanan Budidaya Air Tawar. Bogor, pp. 292 – 297.

Han, Q.Z., Long, S.L., Bo, N.S. dan Tian, X.G., 2009. Genetic diversity of small yellow croaker Larimichthys polyactis revealed by AFLP markers. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 4(7), pp. 605 – 610.

Hanafiah, K.A., 1991. Rancangan Percobaan: Teori dan Aplikasi. Ed.5. PT. Raja Grafindo Persada. Jakarta Utara. pp.194.

Hansen, M.M., Mensberg, K.L.D., Rasmussen, G. dan Simonsen, V., 1997. Genetic variation within and among danish brown trout (Salmo trutta L) hatchery strains assesed by PCR-RFLP analysis of mithocondrial DNA segments. Journal Aquaculture, 153, pp. 16 – 29.

Hardjosubroto, W., 1994. Aplikasi Pemuliaan Ternak di Lapangan. Gramedia. Jakarta, pp. 154.

Kusmini, I.I., Gustiano, R. dan Mulyasari., 2010. Karakterisasi Truss Morfometrik Ikan Tengadak (Barbonymus schwanenfeldii) Asal Kalimantan Barat Dengan Ikan Tengadak Albino Dan Ikan Tawes Asal Jawa Barat. Prosiding Forum Inovasi Teknologi Akuakultur. pp. 507 – 513.

Kusmini, I.I., Hadie, L., Hadie,W. dan Kristanto, A.H., 2000. Karakterisasi dalam karakter fenotip beberapa ras ikan gurame (Osphronemus gouramy) yang berpotensi dalam budidaya dengan anlisis truss morphometrik. Prosiding Simposium Nasional Pengelolaan Pemuliaan dan Plasma Nutfah. Bogor, pp. 614 – 620.

Mayr, E., 1977. Population, Species, and Evolution an Abridgment of Animal Spescies and Evolution. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press Cambridge, Massachusetts and London. England.

Nei, M., 1987. Molecular Evolutionary Genetics. Columbia University Press, New York.

Noor, R.R., 2000. Genetika Ternak. Penebar Swadaya, Jakarta. pp. 200.

Nugroho, E., Satyani, D., Kalimah, S. dan Rusmaedi., 1993. Evaluasi potensi genetik dari beberapa ras gurame. Buletin Penelitian Perikanan Darat, 12(1), pp. 30 – 36.

Parenrengi, A., Sulaeman, Hadie, W. dan Trenriulo, A., 2007. Keragaman Morfologi Udang Pama (Penaeus semisulcatus) dari Perairan Sulawesi Selatan dan Sulawesi Tenggara. Jurnal Riset, Akuakultur, 2(1), pp. 27 – 32.

Rafi, M., Syandri, H. dan Azrita., 2013. Karakteristik morfologi ikan asang (Osthechilus haselti) berdasarkan truss morfometrik pada habitat perairan yang berbeda. Jurnal akuakultur, 3(1), pp. 1 – 10.

Roberts, T.R., 1992. Systematic revision of the Southeast Asian anabantoid fish genus, with description of two new species. lchtyology Explor Freshwater, 2, pp. 351 – 360.

Setijaningsih, L., Otong, Z.A. dan Gustiano, R., 2007. Karakterisasi tiga strain ikan Gurame (Osphronemus gouramy Lac). Jurnal lktiologi Indonesia, 7(I), pp. 23 29.

Soewardi, K., Rachmawati, R., Affandi, R. dan Bengen, D.G., 1995. Penelusuran varietas ikan gurame Osphronemus goramy Lac., berdasarkan penampilan karakter luar (fenotip). Jurnal Ilmu Ilmu Perairan dan Perikanan Indonesia, 3(2), pp. 32 – 38.

Soewardi, K., 1995. Karakterisasi populasi ikan gurame, Osphronemus goramy, Lac, dengan metode biokimia. Jurnal ilmu Ilmu Perairan dan Perikanan Indonesia, 3(2), pp. 23 – 31.

Strauss, R.E. and Bond, C.E., 1982. Taxonomic Methods: Morphology. Dalam: C. B. Shreck and C.B. Moyle (eds). Methods for Fish Biology American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland, USA, pp. 109 – 140.

Suseno, D., Rusmaedi, lrsan, I., Dharma, L. dan Arifin, O.Z., 2000. Karakterisasi morfologik ikan gurame strain soang dan strain paris. Simposium Nasional Pengelolaan Pemuliaan dan Plasma Nutfah. Bogor pp. 589 – 595.

Tave, D., 1995. Selective Breeding Programe for Medium-Sized Fish Farm. FAO Fish. Technology. Paper. No: 0.352. Rome, Italia.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.