Djumali Busro, Sri Mulyaningsih, Teger Basuki


Increased productivity of sugarcane in upland area can be done through the implementation of the integration of manure with a high dose of inorganic fertilizer in the double rows and twice plant populations of single row (“double rows double seeds”) planting arrangement. Limited availability of manure and inorganic fertilizer entails the replacement of manure with green manure fertilizer. The research was aimed to obtain a green manure as replacement manure that can be intercropped in the double rows double seeds planting arrangement. The experiment was done in the Asembagus Experimental Station, Situbondo, East Java on January to December 2014 for plant cane (PC) and from January to December 2015 for ratoon cane (RC). Treatments were arranged in a Randomized Block Design time for replication. The treatment includes (1) the four rows of Crotalaria juncea, (2) two rows of Crotalaria juncea, (3) four rows of peanuts in width between rows of sugar cane, (4) manure, and (5) no organic fertilizer. The results showed that the integration of organic fertilizer with a low dose of inorganic fertilizers increases productivity and sugar yield 5.20 to 41.78% and 33.33 to 69.90%, respectively in PC and 7.33 to 32.67% and 5.74 to 29.61%, respectively in RC from no organic fertilizer. Four rows of Crotalaria juncea could replace the role of manure in improving the productivity and sugar yield for PC and two rows of Crotalaria juncea for RC.


Organic fertilizer, sugarcane, planting arrangement, double rows, double seeds

Full Text:



Adimihadja, A., Dariah, A. dan Mulyani, A., 2008. Strategi dan teknologi pengelolaan lahan kering mendukung pengadaan pangan nasional. Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian, 27(2), pp. 43 – 49.

Angelova, V.R., Akova, V.I., Artinova, N.S. and Ivanov, K.I., 2013. The effect of organic amendments on soil chemical characteristics. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 19(5), pp. 958 – 971.

Arsyad, A.R., Farni, Y. dan Ermadani, 2011. Aplikasi pupuk hijau (Calopogonium mucunoides dan Pueraria javanica) terhadap air tanah tersedia dan hasil kedelai. Jurnal Hidrolitan, 2(1), pp. 31 – 39.

Balana, P., Perez, O., Alfaro, M.A. and Fernadez, M.V., 2010. Crotalaria juncea, Canavalia ensiformis and Mucuna sp. as possible nitrogen sources for fertilization in sugarcane commercial nurseries. Proceding International Society Sugar Cane Technology, 27, pp. 1 – 9.

Bahrani, M.J., Shomeili, M., Zande-Parsa, S.H. and Kamgar-Haghighi, A., 2009. Sugarcane responses to irrigation and nitrogen in subtropical Iran. Iran Agricultural Research, 27(1-2), pp. 17 – 26.

Carvalho, L.A., Junior, C.A.S., Meurer, I., Silva, G.F.C. and Nanni, M.R., 2014. Influence of different species of Crotalaria in indictors of quality of sugarcane. Academy, 1(1), pp. 228 – 233.

Chohan, M., Pahnwar, R.N., Qazi, B.R., Junejo, S., Unar, G.S., Arain, M.Y. and Talpur, U.A., 2012. Quantitative and qualitative parameters of sugarcane variety Hoth-300 as affected by different levels of NPK applica-tions. Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences, 22(4), pp. 1060 – 1064.

Dashora, P., 2012. Productivity and sustainability of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) genotypes under planting seasons and fertility levels in South-East Rajasthan. Academia Arena, 4(1), pp. 37 – 41.

Diacono, M. and Montemurro, F., 2010. Long-term effects of organic amendments on soil fertility a review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 30(2), pp. 4011 – 4022.

Ditjenbun, 2014. Peningkatan produksi, produktivitas dan rendemen tanaman tebu untuk mencapai swasemba-da gula. Direktorat Jenderal Perkebunan, Jakarta.

Djumali, Khuluq, A.D. dan Mulyaningsih, S., 2016. Pertumbuhan dan produktivitas tebu pada beberapa paket tata tanam di lahan kering. Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia, 44(2), pp. 211 – 219.

Edje, O.T. and Mabuza, H., 2014. Effects of using sunnhemp (Crotalaria juncea L.) as a green manure crop and as a intercrop with maize (Zea mays L.) in Middleveld of Swaziland. Maize morphological responses and potential fodder value of biomass. African Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences and Technologies, 1(1), pp. 19 – 27.

Esmaeilzadeh, J. and Ahangar, A.G., 2014. Influence of soil organic matter content on soil physical, chemical and biological properties. International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences, 4(4), pp. 244 – 252.

Ghaffar, A., Ehsanullah, Akbar, N., Khan, S.H., Jabran, K., Hashmi, R.Q., Iqbal, A. and Ali, M.A., 2012. Effect of trench spacing and micronutrients on growth and yield of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.). Australian Journal of Crop Science, 6, pp. 1 – 9.

Gana, A.K., 2009. Evaluation of the residual effect of cattle manure combinations with inorganic fertilizer andchemical weed control on the sustainability of chew-ing sugarcane production at Badaggi Shouthern Guinea savana of Nigeria. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 4(4), pp. 282 – 287.

Gana, A.K., 2011. Cowdung: soil amendement agent for the saandy upland sugarcane ecology in Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Technology, 7(2), pp. 497 – 505.

Gilbert, R.A., Morris, D.R., Rainbolt, C.R., McCray, J.M., Perdomo, R.E., Eiland, B., Powell, G. and Montes, G., 2008. Sugarcane response to millmud, fertilizer and soybean nutrient sources on a sandy soil. Agronomy Journal, 100(3), pp. 845 – 854.

Hutomo, I.P., Mahfudz dan Laude, S., 2015. Pengaruh pupuk hijau Tithonia diversifolia terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman jagung (Zea mays L.). Jurnal Agrotekbis, 3(4), pp. 475 – 481.

Junejo, S., Kaloi, G.M., Panhwar, R.N., Chohan, M., Junejo, A.A. and Soomro, A.F., 2010. Performance of newly developed sugarcane genotypes for some qualitative and quantitative traits under Thatta conditions. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 20, pp. 40 – 43.

Keshavaiah, K.V., Palled, Y.B., Shankariah, C., Channal, H.T., Nandihalli, B.S. and Jagadeesha, K.S., 2012. Effect of nutrient management practices on nutrient dynam-ics and performance of sugarcane. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Science, 25(2), pp. 187 – 192.

Khan, A.A., Khan, M.A. and Khan, Q., 2012. Economic analysis of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) intercropping with canola (Brassica napus L.). Pakistan Journal of Agriculture Science, 49(4), pp. 589 – 592.

Larney, F.J., Jansen, H.H. and Olson, A.F., 2011. Residual effects of one-time manure, crop residue and fertiliz-er amendments on a resurfaced soil. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 91(6), pp. 1039 – 1043.

Mahmood, A., Ishfaq, M., Iqbal, J. and Nazir, S., 2007. Agronomic performance and juice quality of autumn planted sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) as affected by flat, ditch and pit planting under different spatial arrangements. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 9, pp. 167 – 169.

Manimaran, S., Kalyanasundaram, D., Ramesh, S. and Sivakumar, K., 2009. Maximizing sugarcane yields through efficient palnting method and nutrient management practices. Sugar Technology, 11, pp. 395 – 397.

Mogle, U.P., Naikwade, P.V. and Patil, S.D., 2013. Residual effect of organic manure on growth and yield of Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp and Lablab purpurens L. Science Research Reporter, 3(2), pp. 135 – 141.

Nazir, M.S., Jabbar, A., Ahmad, I., Nawaz, S. and Bhatti, I.H., 2002. Production potential and economics of inter-cropping autumn-planted sugarcane. International Journal of Agriculture & Biology, 4(1), pp. 140 – 142.

Nguyen, T.T., Fuentes, S. and Marschner, P., 2012. Effects of compost on water availability and gas exchange intomato during drought and recovery. Plant Soil Environment, 58(11), pp. 495 – 502.

Rehman, A., Qamar, R. and Qamar, J., 2014. Economic assessment of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) through intercropping. Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment, 3, pp. 24 – 228.

Roodagi, L.I., Itnal, C.J. and Chetti, M.B., 2001. Impact of intercropping and planting methods on growth and yield sugarcane. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Science, 14(2), pp. 305 – 310.

Santilan, Y.M., Moreno, F.P., Garcia, F.P. and Sandoval, O.A.A., 2014. Effect of application of manure of cattle on the properties chemistry of soil in Tizayuca, Hidalgo, Mexico. International Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 4(3), pp. 67 – 72.

Sarkar, S.K. and Ghoroi, A.K., 2007. Sunhemp as green manure. International Journal of Agricultural Sci-ences, 3(1), pp. 244 – 248.

Shakoor-Ruk, A., Kandhro, M.N., Khan-Baloch, S., Ullah-Baloch, S. and Bakhsh-Baloch, A., 2014. Impact of set placement method and row directions on growth and yield of sugarcane variety LRK-2001. Persian Gulf Crop Protection, 3, pp. 53 – 59.

Silva, A.J.N., Ribeiro, M.R., Carvalho, F.G., Silva, V.N. and Silva, L.E.S.F., 2007. Impact of sugarcane cultiva-tion on soil carbon fractions, consistence limits and aggregate stability of yellow Latosol in Northeast Brazil. Soil & Tillage Research, 94, pp. 420 – 424.

Soomro, A.F., Tunio, S., Oad, F.C., Rajper, I., Khuhro, M.I. and Arain, M.Y., 2012. Effect of supplemental inorgan-ic NPK and residual organic nutrients on sugarcane ratoon crop. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, 3(10), pp. 1 – 11.

Syahri, R., Djajadi, Sumarni, T. dan Nugroho, A., 2016. Pengaruh pupuk hijau (Crotalaria juncea L.) dan konsentrasi pupuk nano silika pada pertumbuhan dan hasil tebu setelah umur 9 bulan. Jurnal Produksi Tanaman, 4(1), pp. 73 – 81.

Tyagi, V.K., Sharma, S. and Bhardwaj, S.B., 2013. Pattern of association among cane yield, sugar yield and their components in sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.). Journal of Agricultural Research, 50, pp. 29 – 38.

Valarini, P.J., Curaqueo, G., Seguel, A., Manzano, K., Rubio, R., Cornejo, P. and Boroe, F., 2009. Effect of com-post application on some properties of a volcanic soil from Central South Chile. Chilean Journal of Agri-cultural Research, 69(3), pp. 16 – 425.

Yu, W., Ding, X., Xue, S., Li, S., Liao, X. and Wang, R., 2013. Effects of organic matter application on phosphorous adsoption of three soil parent materials. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 13(4), pp. 1 – 15.

Ziblim, I.A., Paul, G.S. and Timothy, K.A., 2013. Assessing soil amendment potentials of Mucuna pruriens and Crotalaria juncea when used as fallow crops. Journal of Soil Science and Environment Management, 4(2), pp. 28 – 34.


  • There are currently no refbacks.