KAJIAN ETNOBOTANI RAMUAN PASCA MELAHIRKAN PADA MASYARAKAT ENGGANO

Mohammad Fathi Royyani, Vera Budi Lestari, Andria Agusta, Oscar Efendy

Abstract

This research was aimed to discover the traditional knowledge of Enggano people when using plants as concoction after giving birth. Data was collected through in depth interview, open-ended, and literature studies. The results showed that Enggano people used specific plants as concoction in childbirth process. There were two types of the concoction. The first was used after giving birth to 40 days, jarak pagar or tiarak (Jatropha curcas L.). The second was used after 40 days to 60 days or after recovery, such as dukung anak (Phyllanthus niruri Linn.), kumis kucing (Orthosiphon stamineus Benth.), temu lawak (Curcuma xanthoriza Roxb.), alang-alang (Imperata cylindrica (L) P. Beauv.), banana (Musa sp.), kencur (Kaempferia galanga L.), turmeric (Curcuma longa L.), and ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe). Results from our literature studies confirmed the efficacy of plants used by Enggano people is scientifically acceptable. Further study on phytochemical aspects of these medicial plants is therefore required to be carried out.

Keywords

Enggano people, traditional knowledge, medicinal plants, postpartum.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Adnyana, I.K., Setiawan, F. and Insanu, M., 2013. From Eth-nopharmacology to Clinical Study of Orthisiphon Stamineus Benth. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 5(3), pp. 66 – 73.

Afifah, E., 2005. Khasiat dan manfaat temulawak, rimpang penyembuh aneka penyakit. Agromedika, Pustaka. pp. 1 – 19.

Alwi, N.A. and Sukardi, S., 2013. Anti implantation effects of Jatropha curcas crude oil when fed to pregnant Sprague dawley rats during the early gestation period. Advances in Life Science and Technology, 14, pp. 547 – 549.

Anonim., 2010. Assessment report on Orthosiphon stamineus Benth., folium. Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products (HMPC). Europe Medicine Agency.

Arab, A.A.A. and Salem, F.M.A., 2010. Nutritional quality of Jatropha curcas seeds and effect of some physical and chemical treatments on their anti-nutritional factors. African Journal of Food Science, 4, pp. 93 – 103.

Bagalkotkar, G., Sagineedu, S.R., Saad, M.S. and Stanlas, J., 2006. Phytochemicals from Phyllanthus niruri Linn. and their pharmacological properties: a review”. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 58, pp. 1559 – 1570.

Barth, F., 1995. Cosmologies in the making: A generative approach to cultural variation in inner New Guinea. University of Cambridge. Cambridge.

Bhargava, S.K.D., Batra, A., Sharma, A. and Malhotra, B., 2012. Zingiber officinale: Chemical and phytochemical screening and evaluation of its antimicrobial activities. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 4, pp. 360 – 364.

Borofsky, R., 1994. On the Knowledge and Knowing of Cultural Activities. Dalam: Assessing Cultural Anthropology. Robert Borofsky (ed). pp. 331-347. McGraw-Hill. New York.

Bos, R., Windono, T., Woerdenbag, H.J., Boersma, Y.L., Koulman, A. and Kayser, O. 2007. HPLC-photodiode array detection analysis of curcuminoids in Curcuma species indigenous to Indonesia. Phytochemical. Analysis, 18, pp. 118 – 122.

Bourdya, G. and Walterb, A., 1992. Maternity and medicinal plants in Vanuatu I. The cycle of reproduction. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 37, pp.179 – 196

Chunlaratthanaphorn, S., Lertprasertsuke,N., Srisawat, U., Thuppia, A., Ngamjariyawat, A., Suwanlikhid, N. and Jaijoy, K., 2007. Acute and subchronic toxicity study of the water extract from root of Imperata cylindrica (Linn.) Raeusch. in rat. Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology. 29, pp. 141 – 155.

Devaraj, S., Esfahani, A.S., Ismail, S., Ramanathan, S. and Yam, M.F., 2010. Evaluation of the antinociceptive activity and acute oral toxicity of standardized ethanolic extract of the rhizome of Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb. Molecules, 15, pp. 2925 – 2934.

Duke, J.A., 1983. Handbook of energy crops. . (diakses pada tanggal 23 November 2015)

Fagbenro, A.F., Oyibo, W.A. and Anuformo, B.C.. 1998.Disinfectant antiparasitic activities of Jatropha curcas L. East African Medical Journal, 75, pp. 508 – 511.

Falodun, A., Nworgu, Z.A.M. and Osayemwenre, E., 2011. Smooth muscle relaxant evaluation of Jatropha Curcas Linn (Euphorbiaceae) and isolation of triterpenes. Niger. The Journal of Physiological Sciences, 26, pp. 133 – 137.

Helen, M.P.A., Gomathy, S.K., Jayasree, S., Nizzy, A.M., Rajagopal, B. and Jeeva, S., 2012. Phytochemical characterization and antimicrobial activity of Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, pp. S637 – S640.

Jamshed, M., Siddiqui, A. and Ismail, Z., 2011. Simultaneous analysis of bioactive markers from Orthosiphon Stamineus benth leaves extracts by reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 10, pp. 97 – 103.

Itokawa, H., Hirayama, F., Funakoshi, K. and Takeya, K., 1985. Studies on the antitumor bisabolane sesquiterpenoids isolated from Curcuma xanthorrhiza. Chemical Pharmacy Bulletin, 33, pp. 3488 – 3492.

Koay, Y.C. and Amir, F., 2012. A survey of the chemical constitu-ents and biological activities of orthosiphon stamineus. Science International, 24, pp. 133 – 138.

Li, S., Yuan, W., Deng, G., Wang, P., Yang, P. and Aggarwal, B., 2011. Chemical composition and product quality control of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.). Faculty Publications. Paper 1. http://scholarworks.sfasu.edu/agriculture_facultypubs/1 (diakses pada tanggal 23 November 2015).

Lin, J., Zhou, X.W. and Tang, KX., 2004. A survey of the studies on the resources of Jatropha curcas. Journal Tropical and Subtropical Botany, 12, pp. 285 – 290.

Liao, Y.R., Leu, Y.L., Chan, Y.Y., Kuo, P.C. and Wu, T.S., 2012. Anti-platelet aggregation and vasorelaxing effects of the constituents of the rhizomes of Zingiber officinale”. Molecules, 17, pp. 8928 – 8937.

Liong, Y.Y., Halis, R. and Mohamed, R., 2013. Chemical charac-terization of Imperata cylindrica (‘Lalang’) and Pennisetum purpureum (Napier grass) for Bioethanol production in Malaysia. Pertanika Journal Tropica Agriculture of Science, 36, pp. 109 – 116.

Liu, H., Kirchoff, B.K., Wu, G. and Liao, J. 2007. Microsporogenesis and male gametogenesis in Jatropha curcas L. (Euphorbiaceae). Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society, 134, pp. 335 – 343.

Lundh, E.C.S., 2007. Plant Use in Ante- and Postpartum Health Care in Lao PDR. Uppsala University, Sweden. Thesis.

Malan, D.F. and Neuba, D.F.R., 2011. Traditional practices and medicinal plants use during pregnancy by Anyi Ndenye Women (Eastern Côte d'Ivoire). African Journal of eproductive Health, 15(1), pp. 85 – 93.

Mangunwardoyo, W., Deasywaty. and U Tepy. 2012. Antimicro-bial and identification of active compound Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb. International Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences IJBAS-IJENS, 12 (1), pp. 69 – 78.

Marsden, W., 2008. Sejarah Sumatra. Komunitas Bambu, Depok

Modigliani, E., 1894. L’Isola Delle Donna: Viagio ad Engano. Milano: Ulrico Hoepli.

Mohamed, E.A.H., Mohamed, A.J., Asmawi, M.Z., Sadikun, A., Ebrika, O.S. and Yam, M.F., 2011.

Antihyperglycemic effect of Orthosiphon Stamineus benth leaves extract and its bioassay-guided fractions. Molecules, 16, pp. 3787 – 3801.

Nath, L.K. and Dutta, S.K., 1991. Extraction and purification of curcain, a protease from the latex of Jatropha curcas. Linn. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 43, pp. 111 – 114.

Nurcholis, W., Ambarsari, L., Sari, N.L.P.E.K. and Darusman, L.K., 2012. Curcuminoid contents, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of Curcuma xanthorrhiza RoxB. and Curcuma domestica Val. Promising lines from sukabumi of Indonesia. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Kimia Unesa 2012 – ISBN: 978-979-028-55-7 Surabaya, 25 Pebruari 2012 C - 284.

Openshaw, K., 2000. A review of Jatropha curcas: an oil plant of unfulfilled promise. Biomass Bioenergy, 19, pp. 1 –15.

O'Neil, M.J. (Ed.)., 2006. The Merck Index. An encyclopedia of chemicals, drugs, and biologicals. Merck Research Laboratories: New Jersey.

Othman, R., 1998. Chemical and pharmacological studies of chemical constituents of Kaemperia galanga Linn. A Thesis Master Degree. Faculty of Science, University of Malaya.

Paithankar, V.V., Raut, K.S., Charde, R.M. and Vyas, J.V.,. 2011. Phyllanthus niruri: a magic herb”. Research in Pharmacy, 1, pp. 1 – 9.

Pereira, A. and Maraschin, M., 2015. Banana (Musa spp.) from peel to pulp: ethnopharmacology, source of bioactive compounds and its relevance for human health. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 160, pp. 149 – 63.

Parkavi, V.M., Vignesh, K., Selvakumar, J., Muthu, M.J. and Joysa, R., 2012. Antibacterial activity of aerial parts of Imperata cylindrica (L) Beauv. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Drug Research, 4, pp. 209 – 212.

Rohaimi., Halim, M.A.B., Marina, S., Zabri, T.M., Sabariah, I. and Hanim, M.R., 2012. Standardization and phyto-chemical studies of Curcuma xanthrrhiza Roxb. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 4 (3), pp. 606 – 610.

Umar, M.I., Asmawi, B., Mohammad, Z., Sadikun, A., Altaf, R. and Iqbal, M., 2011. Phytochemistry and medicinal properties of Kaempferia galanga L. (Zingiberaceae) extracts. African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 5, pp. 1638 – 1647.

Wahab, S.I.A., Mohan, S., Elhasan, M.M., Al-Mekhlafi, N., Mari-od, A.B.A., Abdul, A.B., Abdulla, M.A. and Al-Kharfy, K.M., 2011. “Antiapoptotic and Antioxidant Properties of Orthosiphon stamineus Benth (Cat’sWhiskers): Intervention in the Bcl-2-Mediated Apoptotic Pathway”. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2011, Article ID 156765.

Wang, L.Y., Zhang, M., Zhang, C.F. and Wang Z.T., 2008. Diaryl derivatives from the root tuber of Curcuma longa. Biochemical Systematic and. Ecology, 36, pp. 476 – 480.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.