ANALISA VEGETASI HUTAN RIPARIAN DATARAN RENDAH DITEPI SUNGAI NGGENG, TAMAN NASIONAL KAYAN MENTARANG, KALIMANTAN TIMUR

Purwaningsih Purwaningsih
| Abstract views: 301 | PDF views: 414

Abstract

Study on the riparian forest of Nggeng River bank at Kayan Mentarang National Park was carried out with quadrate method. It would cover species composition and vegetation structure. The results of a floristic inventory of trees with DBH e" 10 cm in a lowland riparian forest of Nggeng river side show that 106 species, consist of 53 genera and 29 families in the plot of 2 hectare sampled. The two leading families in terms of number of species were Dipterocarpaceae and Myrtaceae while according to the total sum of importance values were Dipterocarpaceae and Fabaceae. The common species in two plots were Saraca hulletii, Parashorea parviflora, Dipterocarpus oblongifolius, Castanopsis motleyana, and Dryobalanops lanceolata. The diversity of the river-side were lower than the other forest in Kalimantan and in north is more rich of species than south plot. The forest type on the river side were shown mixed dipterocarp forest, because the forest dominated by dipterocarps species. Forest structure on the sides of Nggeng River were shown there were some emergent trees, they are up to 45 m tall and in diameter >100 cm. Some emergent trees in the location were such as Parashorea parviflora, Dipterocarpus oblongifolius and Shorea spp. Lists on the most 10 leading family trees, 10 leading family saplings, density, frequency and important values of each inventory plants species are provided.

Keywords

Komposisi, struktur, hutan dipterocarp campuran, tepi sungai, Taman Nasional Kayan Mentarang, Kalimantan Timur.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Anonimous. 1993. Kondisi alam dan keadaan masyarakat di kawasan konservasi Kayan Mentarang, Kalimantan Timur. Staf Proyek Konservasi Kayan Mentarang untuk Studi Zonasi Lokasi Kayan Mentarang. WWF Indonesia Programme- PHPA- LIPI.

Anonimous. 2002. Kayan Mentarang National Park, http:// www.worldwildlife.org. Apannah S. 1998. A Review of Dipterocarps: Taxonomy, Ecology and Sylviculture. CIFOR. Bogor-Indonesia

Ashton PS. 1972. Precursor to a taxonomic revision of Ceylon Dipterocarpaceae. Blumea 20: 357-366

Ashton PS. 1982. Dipterocarpaceae. In: CGGJ van Steenis (Ed.). Flora Malesiana (9), 237-552.

Bratawinata AA. 1986. Bestandesgliederung eines Bergenwaldes in Ostkalimantan Indonesien nach floristischen undstrukturellen Merkmalen. Dissertation zur Erlangung des Doctorgrades des Forswischaftlichen Fachbereichs der Georg-Augus. Universitat GOttingen, GOttingen.

Denslow JS. 1980. Gap partitioning among tropical rain forest trees. In: J Ewel (Ed.). Tropical succession. Supplement Biotropica 12(2), 47-55.

Hartshorn GS. 1978. Tree falls and tropical dynamics. In: PB Tomlinson and MH Zimmermann (Eds.). Tropical Trees as Living Systems, 617-638. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.

Haryadi SS. 1979. Pengantar Agronomi. Departemen Agronomi Fakultas Pertanian Institut Pertanian Bogor. Gramedia, Jakarta.

Kartawinata K, R Abdulhadi and T Partomihardjo. 1981. Composition and structure of a lowland dipterocarp forest at Wanariset, East Kalimantan. Malay. Forester 44(2&3), 397-406.

Kartawinata K, Purwaningsih, T Partomihardjo, R Yusuf, R Abdulhadi and S Riswan. 2008. Floristics and structure of a lowland dipterocarp forest at Wanariset Samboja, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Reinwardtia 12(4), 301-323.

KeBler PJA and K Sidiyasa. 1994. Trees of the Balikpapan- Samarinda area, East Kalimantan, Indonesia: A manual to 280 selected species. Tropenbos Series 7. The Tropenbos Foundation, Wageningen.

KeBler PJA, PB Pelser, CE Ridsdale and K Sidiyasa. 2000. Secondary forest trees of Kalimantan, Indonesia - A manual to 300 selected species. Tropenbos- Kalimantan Series 3. MOFFEC-Tropenbos- Kalimantan Project, Wanariset Samboja, Balikpapan.

MacKinnon K, G Hatta, H Hakim and A Mangalik. 1996. The ecology of Kalimantan. Indonesian Borneo. The Ecology of Indonesia Series Vol III. Periphes Edition (HK) Ltd.

Mackie C, TC Jessup, AP Vayda and K Kartawinata. 1986. Shifting cultivation and patch dynamics in an upland forest in East Kalimantan. In: Y Hadi, K Awang, NM Majid and S Mohamed (Eds.). Proceedings of Regional Workshop on Impact of Man s Activities on Upland Forest Ecosystems, 465-518. Serdang, Malaysia, 3-6 February 1986. Faculty of Forestry, Universiti Pertanian Malaysia, Serdang.

Meijaard E and VJ Nijman. 2003. Primate hotspots on Borneo: predictive value for general biodiversity and the effects taxonomy. Conservation Biology 17, 725-732.

Merrill ED and LM Perry. 1939. The myrtaceous genus Syzygium Gaertner in Borneo. Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Science XVIII(Part 3).

Mueller-Dombois D and H Ellenberrg. 1974. Aims and Methods of Vegetation Ecology. Wiley, New York.

Partomihardjo T, R Yusuf, S Sunarti, Purwaningsih, R Abdulhadi and K Kartawinata. 1987. A preliminary note on gaps in a lowland dipterocarp forest in Wanariset, East Kalimantan. In: AJGH Kosterman (Ed). Proceedings of the Third Round Table Conference on Dipterocarps, 241-253. MAB-UNESCO.

Partomihardjo T, Syahirsyah, Albertus and H Soedjito. 1999. Flora pohon dan tipe hutan Taman Nasional Bentuang Karimun, Kalimantan Barat. Prosiding RPTN Bentuang Karimun 2000-2004, 261-281.

Priatna D, K Kartawinata and R Abdulhadi. 2006. Recovery of a lowland dipterocarp forest twenty two years after selective logging at Sekundur, Gunung Leuser National Park, North Sumatera. Indonesia. Reinwardtia 12, 237-255.

Purwaningsih. 2004. Sebaran ekologi jenis-jenis dipterocarpaceae di Indonesia. Biodiversitas 5(2), 89-95.

Richards PW. 1952. The Tropical Rain Forest. Cambridge University Press. London.

Riswan S. 1982. Ecological studies on primary, secondary and experimentally cleared mixed dipterocarp forest and kerangas forest in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Aberdeen.

Riswan S. 1987a. Structure and floristic composition of a mixed dipterocarp forest at Lempake, East Kalimantan. In A.J.G.H. Kosterman (Ed.). Proc. Of the Third Round Table Conference on Dipterocarps. UNESCO, Jakarta: 435-457.

Riswan S. 1987b. Kerangas forest at Gunung Pasir, Samboja, East Kalimantan. In A.J.G.H. Kosterman (Ed.). Proceedings of the Third Round Table Conference on Dipterocarps, 471-494. UNESCO, Jakarta.

Sanford RL, HL Braker and GS Hartshorn. 1986. Canopy openings in a primary neotropical lowland forest. Journal of Tropical Ecology 2, 277-282.

Schmidt FR and JA Ferguson. 1951. Rainfall types based on wet and dry period ratios for Indonesia with Western New Guinea. Verhandalingen 42. Djawatan Meteorologi dan Geofisika, Djakarta.

Sist P and A Saridan. 1999. Stand structure and floristic composition of a primary lowland dipterocarp forest in East Kalimantan. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 11(4), 704-722.

Slik JWF, AD Poulsen, PS Ashton, CH Cannon, KAO Eichhorn, K Kartawinata, I Lanniari, H Nagamasu, M Nakagawa, MGL van Nieuwstadt, J Payne, Purwaningsih, A Saridan, K Sidiyasa, RW Verburg, CO Webb and P Wilkie. 2003. A Floristic analysis of the lowland dipterocarp forest of Borneo. Journal of Biogeography 30, 1517-1531.

Soedjito H. 1993. Kondisi Alam dan Keadaan Masyarakat di Kawasan Konservasi Kayan Mentarang, Kalimantan Timur. Studi Zonasi Lokasi Kayan Mentarang. WWF Indonesia Programme.

Soepadmo E. 1995. Plant diversity of the Malesian tropical rain forest and its phytogeographical and economic significance. In: RB Primack and TE Lovejoy (Eds.). Ecology, Conservation and Management of South East Asian Rainforest, 19-40. Yale University Press, USA.

Spellerberg IF. 1994. Monitoring Ecological Change. University Press. Cambridge.

Sukardjo S, A Hagihara, T Yamakura and H Ogawa. 1990. Floristic composition of a tropical rain forest in Indonesian Borneo. Bull. Nagoya Univ. For. Number 10, 1-43.

Uluk A, M Sudana and E Wollenberg. 1995. Ketergantungan Masyarakat Dayak Terhadap Hutan di Sekitar Taman Nasional Kayan Mentarang. CIFOR. Bogor, Indonesia.

Whitmore TC. 1984. Tropical Rain Forests of the Far East. 2nd edition. English Language Book Society/ Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Whitmore TC, IGM Tantra and U Sutisna. 1989. Tree Flora of Indonesia. Check List for Kalimantan Part I. Forest Research and Development Centre, Bogor.

Whitmore TC, IGM Tantra and U Sutisna. 1990. Tree Flora of Indonesia. Check List for Kalimantan. Part II. Forest Research and Development Centre, Bogor.

Winarso S. 2005. Kesuburan Tanah. Dasar Kesehatan dan Kualitas Tanah. Gava Media. Yogyakarta.

Woods TN and RP Bower. 1982. Rainfall Records, East Kalimantan - Catatan Curah Hujan Kalimantan Timur Report: Analysis Summaries and Histograms Transmigration Area Development Project. Dinas Pekerjaan Umum Propinnsi Daerah Tingkat I. Kalimantan Timur. Samarinda.

Yusuf R. 2003. Penelitian ekologi jenis pohon di kawasan hutan Bulungan, Kabupaten Bulungan-Kalimantan Timur. Berita Biologi 6(6), 767-780.

Yusuf R. 200S. Analisis vegetasi hutan Dipterocarpaceae campuran di Taman Nasional Kayan Mentarang, Kalimantan Timur. Biosfera 22(2), 54-66.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.