PERBANDINGAN POLA ROMBAK SELULOSA OLEH BEBERAPA JAMUR BASIDIOMYCETES

MAMAN RAHMANSYAH
| Abstract views: 90 | PDF views: 59

Abstract

MAMAN RAHMANSYAH, 1989,Comparative capability of cellulose degradation by Basidiomy cetes fungi.Berita Biologi 3(9) 450 - 453.Cellulosa is natural resource that still found abandon and its can be composted by themselves naturaly to the earth.Basidiomycetes fungi offered to convert those waste organic matter into useful product.Four Basidiomycetes fungi (Auricularia polytricha, Coprinus cinereus, Pleurotus qstreatus and Volvariella valcacea) have been tested to degrade riee straw, Whatman filter paper and cellulose powder. Three replicates of 3 grams of media were inoculated by different fungus land were fermented for 21 days at room temperature (± 28 C). Biodegradation rare was measured by the lost weight basis of media and bioconvertion rate was detected by stating ability of enzime (cellulose), which were extracted from cellulose powder culture,to convert CMC substrat and glucose production.The result shows that C. cinereus has almost 3 to 4 times degrading and converting capability compared to other fungi.

Keywords

JAMUR BASIDIOMYCETES

Full Text:

PDF

References

CHANG, Y. 1967. The fungi of wheat straw compost II. Biochemical and Physiological studies. Transsactions British Mycological Society. 50(4): 667-675.

ERIKSON, K.E. 1979. Biosynthesis of Polysaccharides. In: R.C.W. Berkeley dkk. (Eds.) Mcrobial Poly sac charides and Polysaccharoses. Academic Press, London, hal. 285-296.

FENNINGTON, G., D. LUDO & F. STUZENBERGER. 1982. Enhanced cellulase production in mutans of Thermonospora curvata. Biotechnology & Bioenginering 24(11): 2487-2497.

GOKSOYR, J., G. EIDSA, J. ERIKSEN & K. OSMUNDSVA, 1975. A comparison on cellulases from different microorganism. Proceeding Symposium on Enzymatic Hydrolisis of Cellulase, hal. 248-255.

GRIFFIN, D.H. 1981. Fungal Physiology. John Wiley & Sons, New York, hal. 1-383.

HEDGER, J.N. & T. BASUK 1,1979. The role of Basidiomycetes in composts: a model systems for decomposition studies. In: J.S. Frankland dkk. (Eds.) Decomposer Basidiomycetes. Cambridge University Press, London, hal. 263-271.

LEE, Y.H. & L.T. FAN, 1982. Kinetic studies of enzymatic hydrolisis of insoluble cellulose;analysis of the initial rate. Biotechnology & Bioenginering 24(11): 2383-2406.

MACRIS, B.J. 1984. Enhanced cellulase and glucosidase production by a mutant of Altemaria altemata. Biotechnology & Bioenginering 26(2): 194-196.

PETERSON, G.L. 1975. The mechanism of enzymatic hydrolisis of cellulose by Trichoderma viride. Proceeding Symposium on Enzymatic Hydrolisis of Cellulose, hal. 225 -261.

POURQUIE, J., M. WARZYWODA & J.P. VANDEC ASTEELE, 198 3. A comparison genetically improve strains of the cellulolytic fungi Trichoderma reesei Biotechnology Letters 5(4): 243-246.

ROSENBERG, S.L. 1978. Cellulose and Lignocellulose degradation by thermophilic and thermotolerant fungi. Mycologia 70(1): 1-7.

RYU, D.D.Y., C. KIM & M. MANDELS, 1984. Competitive adsorption of cellulase components and its significance in a synergetic mechanism. Biotechnology & Bioenginering 26(5): 488-496.

WOOD, T. M. & S. I. McC RAE, 1977. The mechanism of cellulase action with particular reference to the Cj component Proceeding Bioconvertion Symposium, hal. 111-141.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.