ROTAN DI TAMAN NASIONAL GUNUNG HALIMUN DAN PROSPER BUDIDAYANYA DI DESA CISUNGSANG LEBAK BANTEN

Johanis P. Mogea

Abstract

Study on rattans density in 11 locations in the Gunung Halimun National Park (GHNP)had been conducted. Observation had been made in rectangular plot transects of 20 m wide, namely of 500 m long near Cisungsang Village (alt.700 m), 500 m long near Cikidang Village both were in Lebak District, 3650 m long in Gunung (= G) Botol and surroundings (950 - 1750 m asl) including Cikaniki (950 - 1300 m asl) in Bogor District.The plots were located in 6 places. The results had been compiled with previous data from G. Kencana, G.Pameungpeuk, and G. Pangkulahan all from the same park. It was concluded that GHNP had 13 species of rattans.Two dominant species were Calamus heteroideus which had average density (=D) 208 individual stem (= st)/ha and C.javensis D = 84 st/ha. Species distribution was so diverse. Java had 25 species, among them 9 species were endemic, three species among the endemic ones were in GHNP. People in Cisungsang Village were keen to establish local rattan gardens to support their sustainable rattans home industry. Five species have been in their concern.Prospect of rattan cultivation were discussed, as well as regarding an application of their vernacular names.

Keywords

Rattans density, GHNP - endemic - cultivation - vernacular name

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