MIKROPROPAGASI SUKUN (Artocarpus communis Forst), TANAMAN SUMBER KARBOHIDRAT ALTERNATIF

Yati Supriati, Ika Mariska, Sri Hutami
| Abstract views: 261 | PDF views: 655

Abstract

Bread fruit (Artocarpus communis Forst) is one of tropical fruit, which has a high contain of carbohydrate.In certain area, it becomes an alternative staple food when the main staple foods are scarce.The amount of carbohydrate in breadfruit is almost the same with the one in sweet potato, but it is higher than in potato. The main constraint of the development of breadfruit is the limited of seedling availability.Tissue culture technique has been known for its excellent result for plant propagation, because this technique has ability in producing seedling in a large quantity, in uniform growth rate and in a relative short time.The experiment was conducted at Cell Tissue Culture Division, Indonesian Center Agricultural Biotechnology and Genetic Resource Research and Development (1CAB1OGRAD) from February 2003 until December 2004.There were some steps experiments with series of combination medium as treatments. The first steps was shoot multiplication at Sk-2 medium with WPM + BA (0; 0,5; 1,0; 1,5 and 2,0 mg/1) + Thidiazuron (0; 0,4 mg/1);The second step was elongation shoot at Sk-3 with WPM + kinetin (1,2 and 3 mg/1) + GAa(0 and 5 mg/1), and the third was root initiation and proliferation, by comparing WPM + IBA (0, 2, 4 and 6 mg/1) + charcoal (0;0,5 %) and WPM (1; 0,5) + BA (0; 1,5 and 5 mg.l) or NAA (1,2 and 3 mg/1). For the step of acclimatization, soil and compost were used in comparison of (1;1 and 1:2).The result showed that the best media for shoot multiplication of breadfruit was WPM + BA 2 mg/1 + TDZ 0 4 with shoot number of 15,5., while the best media for shoot elongation was WPM + Kinetin 1 mg/1 + GA, 5 mg/1.WPM + IBA 3 mg/1 was the best formula for root proliferation with the highest root number about 6.5 and percentage of shoot producing root about 60%. For acclimatization, soil and compost in combination of 1:1 was the best media for planlet of breadfruit with the success rate about 70%. Charcoal is not necessary in root initiation and proliferation.

Keywords

Sukun, Artocarpus communis Forst, multiplikasi tunas, inisiasi akar dan proliferasi, aklimatisasi.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Alrasyid H. 1993. Pedoman Penanaman Sukun (Arthocarpus altilis Fosberg). Informasi Teknis. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hutan dan Konservasi Alam. Badan Litbang Kehutanan.

Amalliyah E. 1994. Pengaruh kombinasi thidiazuron dan benzil aminopurin pada beberapa media dasar terhadap pertunasan eksplan tunas melinjo (Gnetum Oiwmon Linn.) secara in vitro. Karya Ilmiah. Jurusan Biologi. FMIPA, IPB.

Anonim. 1992. Budidaya Sukun. Aplikasi Paket Teknologi Bidang Hortikultura. Lembar informasi Pertanian Balai Informasi Pertanian DKI.

Anonim. 1996. Daftar komposisi Bahan Makanan. Direktorat Gizi Departemen Kesehatan Rl. Bharata, Jakarta.

George EF and P Sherrington. 1984. Plant Propagation by Tissue Culture. Hand Book and Directory of Comereial Laboratories. Eastern Press, Reading. Berks. England.

Hobir, D. Sukmadjaja dan I Mariska. 1992. Aplikasi kultur jaringan dalam produksi bibit pada beberapa tanaman industri. Prosiding Forum Komunikasi Ilmiah Peneiitian Aplikasi Bioteknologi Kultur Jaringan pada Tanaman Industri. Puslitbangtri. 29 Februari 1992. Bogor, 51-62.

Lu CY. 1993. The use of thidiazuron in tissue culture. In vitro Cell Dev. Bio! 29, 92-96.

Mariska I dan R Purnamaningsih. 2001. Perbanyakan vegetatif tanaman tahunan melalui kultur in vitro. Jurnal Litbang Pertanian 20(1), 1 -8.

Nielsen J, MK Brandt and J Hansen. 1993. Longterm effect of thidiazuron intermediate between benzyl adenine, kinetin or isopentenyl adenine in Micantims simnsis. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture 35, 173-179.

Fennel D. 1987. Micropropagation in Horticulture. Grower Guide (29). Grower Books, London.

PierikRLM. 1987. In vitro culture of higher plants. Martinus Nijhoff, London.

Purnamaningsih P, I Mariska, E Gati dan S Rahayu. 1998. Penekanan masalah penguningan padadaun pulai. Jumal Plasma Nutfah 3(1), 1-7.

Struger L. 1975. Biochemistry. WH Freeman and Co. San Francisco.

Thomas JL and FR Katerman. 1986. Short communication: Cytokinin activity induced by thidiazuron. Plant Physiology 86,681-683.

Van Niewkerk JP, Zinmerman RH and Fordhan 1.1986. Thidiazuron stimulation of apple shoot proliferation in vitro. Hort Science 21, 516-518.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.